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La Llorona - The Weeping Woman - Extra Mythology
La Llorona - The Weeping Woman - Extra Mythologymore_vert
2020-09-15T17:30:59+00:00
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La Llorona - The Weeping Woman - Extra Mythology 2020-09-15T17:30:59+00:00close

This is a story that's near and dear to my heart. When I was a kid, La Llorona was a popular story to tell on the beach next to the waves.


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La Llorona - The Weeping Woman - Extra Mythology

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A Mexican ghost story of a woman who, from sadness or madness, does the unthinkable and drowns her two children & then herself. The tale differs from place to place, and from time to time, but one detail is consistent. The Weeping Woman is still out there, wailing and mourning her two boys... and looking for others to join them. If you see a woman in white down by the river, you have to watch out. It could be La Llorona. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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Bartolomé de las Casas - Changing Your Mind - Extra History
Bartolomé de las Casas - Changing Your Mind - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-09-11T17:01:01+00:00
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Bartolomé de las Casas - Changing Your Mind - Extra History 2020-09-11T17:01:01+00:00close

Fun facts: Behind the scenes, there was a small mix up between Ecclesiasticus and Ecclesiastes and this is why differences in Biblical editions matter.

And I will grumble about King James until I die. - A


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Bartolomé de las Casas - Changing Your Mind - Extra History

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Wargaming's new podcast "The Finest Half Hour" is a great way to learn about all facets of World War II from the fallout of WWI to the ordinary lives of civilians during the war, narrated by British army vet Richard Cutland. Check it out here: https://anchor.fm/thefinesthalfhour Bartolomé de las Casas had it all. A conquistador at the height of Spain's power, he had earned an encomendia for helping take over the island of Cuba. This gave him rights to land... and the enslaved indigenous people on the land. Bartolomé thought nothing of it. Even when he became the first Catholic priest ordained in the Americas, he continued to turn a blind eye to the suffering of conquered peoples. But in 1514, a particular scripture passage would flip his world view upside down and turn Bartolomé de las Casas into one of the first human rights activists. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History - Odds and Ends" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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Comments (2)
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User #3566601 - 11 Sep 20 17:35
Maybe you guys should make a future episode just ranting about the evils of Colonialism?
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User #3566601 - 11 Sep 20 17:40
1519 20th September In the Kingdom of Spain, the Portuguese Explorer Ferdinand Magellan sets Sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Southern Spain, with Five Ships and 270 Men, most of whom are from Spain, to find a Western Route to the Maluku Islands in Sri Vijaya and Trade for Spices. In the Kingdom of Spain, Ferdinand Magellan’s Expedition Lands in the Spanish ~ Owned Canary Islands to stop for Supplies, as they are Cheaper there than they are in Europe. During the stop, Magellan Receives a Secret Letter from his Father-in-Law, Duarte Barbosa, saying that a Group of his Castillian Officers are Planning a Mutiny and Names Juan de Cartagena [the Captain of the San Antonio] as the Principal Conspirator. Magellan also Learns that the King of Portugal, Sigismund I, has sent a Fleet of Two Caravels to Arrest him. 13th December In Portuguese Brazil, upon Reaching Rio de Janeiro and seeing that there are no Ships in the Harbour, Magellan Knows that it is Safe for him to stop and Repair his Ships and Stock up on Fresh Water and Supplies. It has not Rained for Two Months before the Spanish had Arrived, and on the Day they Arrive it begins to Rain, on which Account the Tupi say they have come from Heaven and had brought the Rains with them, and it is Easy for the Spanish to Persuade the Tupi to Convert to Roman Catholicism. The Fleet has brought with them a Great Quantity of Trinkets such as Mirrors, Combs, Knives and Bells Intended for Trade and the Tupi Readily Exchange these for Local Goods such as Parrot Feathers. The Sailors also find that Tupi Women are Willing to Exchange Goods for Sexual Favours. 20th December In Portuguese Brazil, during the Ocean Crossing, the Victoria’s Boatswain, Antonio Salamon, is Caught in an Act of Sodomy with a Cabin Boy, Antonio Ginoves. At this Time, Homosexuality is an Offence Punishable by Death in Spain, though, in Practice, Sex between Men is a very Common Occurrence during long Ocean Voyages. Magellan holds a Trial on Board the Trinidad and Salamon is found Guilty and Sentenced to be Executed by Strangling when the Fleet Arrives in Rio de Janeiro. The Fate of Ginovés will Remain unclear; he is either Thrown Overboard or the Taunting of his Fellow Sailors becomes so bad that he Commits Suicide by Jumping Overboard in Despair. In Portuguese Brazil, Following the Trial, Magellan Holds a Meeting where his Captains Challenge Magellan’s Leadership. Juan de Cartagena Accuses Magellan of Risking the King’s Ships by the Route he is taking, Sailing around the Southern Tip of South Africa. When Cartagena Declares that he will no longer Follow Magellan’s Command, Magellan gives a Signal and Armed Loyalists Enter the Room and take hold of Cartagena. Magellan Brands Cartagena a “Rebel,” and Calls his Behaviour Mutinous. Cartagena Calls upon the other Two Castillian Captains [Gaspar de Quesada and Luis de Mendoza] to Stab Magellan, but they hold Back. Immediately Following this Episode, Magellan has Cartagena Thrown into the Stocks; Magellan could have had Cartagena Tried for Treason and Executed, but Quesada and Mendoza Persuade Magellan to Simply Relieve Cartagena of his Command of the San Antonio and Allow him to Move Freely within the Confines of the Victoria for the rest of the Voyage to South America. 1520 11th January In the Atlantic Ocean, Magellan’s Crew see a Headland Marked with Three Hills, which the Crew Name “Cape Santa Maria.” Around the Headland, they find a huge Body of Water which Extends as far as the Eye can see in a West by Southwest Direction. Magellan Believes he has found El Paso, but, in Fact, he has reached the Río de la Plata. Magellan Directs the Santiago, Commanded by João Serrão, to Probe the “Strait” while he Leads the other Ships South, Hoping to find Terra Australis, the Mythical Southern Continent Widely Believed at this Time to Exist South of South . They Fail to find the Southern Continent and, when they Regroup with the Santiago a few Days later, Serrão Reports that the Hoped ~ for Strait is, in Fact, the Mouth of a River. Incredulous, Magellan Leads the Fleet through the Western Waters again, taking Frequent Soundings. Serrão’s Claim is Confirmed when they, Eventually, find themselves in Fresh Water. 3rd February In the Atlantic Ocean, Magellan’s Fleet continues along the Coast of South America. Magellan Hopes that they will find a Strait within a short Distance, but, in Fact, they Sail South for a further Eight Weeks without Sighting a Strait. Magellan does not want to miss the Strait so he has the Fleet Sail as close as Feasible to the Coast, Heightening the Danger of Running aground on the Shoals. The Ships Sail only during the Day with Lookouts Carefully Watching the Coastline for any Sign of a Passage. In Addition to Shoals, the Fleet Encounters Storms, Squalls, and Dropping Temperatures as the Winter sets in. 31st March In the Inca Empire, by the Third Week of March, Weather Conditions have become so Desperate that Magellan Decides that he has no Choice but to find a Safe Harbour where they can Wait out the Winter. A Break in the Coast is Spotted where the Fleet finds a Natural Harbour, which they give the Name Port San Julián. 1st April In the Inca Empire, around Midnight, Juan de Cartagena Secretly leaves the Victoria and Reboards the San Antonio with 30 Armed Followers, their Faces Covered with Charcoal, where they Ambush the San Antonio’s Recently ~ Appointed Captain, Álvaro de Mezquita. De Mesquita is Magellan’s Cousin, and is Sympathetic with the Captain-General. Juan de Elorriaga, the San Antonio’s Boatswain, Resists the Mutineers and Attempts to Alert the Trinidad, for which he is Stabbed to Death by Gaspar de Quesada. De Quesada then Declares himself Captain of the San Antonio, while de Cartagena Returns to Command the Concepción. With the Victoria Captained by Luis de Mendoza, the Mutineers Control Three of the Five Ships. Only the Santiago, Captained by João Serrão, Remains Loyal to Magellan, along with the Trinidad, which Magellan Commands. The Mutineers Aim the San Antonio’s Cannons at the Trinidad, but make no further Overtures during the Night. 2nd April In the Inca Empire, while the Mutineers Attempt to Consolidate their Forces on Board the San Antonio and the Victoria, a Longboat of Sailors Drifts into the Vicinity of the Trinidad. The Men are Hauled on Board and Tortured until they Reveal the Mutineers’ Plans to Magellan. Magellan Immediately Launches a Counteroffensive to try and Recapture the Victoria. He has his Marines Switch Clothing with the Stray Sailors, and Approach the Victoria in their Longboat. His Alguacil, Gonzalo de Espinosa, also Approaches in a Skiff and Announces he has a Message for the Captain, Luis de Mendoza. Espinosa is Allowed on Board on the Basis that he has a Confidential Letter for the Captain, and into Mendoza’s Cabin. There, Espinosa Draws his Poignard and Stabs Mendoza in the Throat, Killing him Immediately. At the same Time, the Disguised Marines come on Board the Victoria to Support the Alguacil, and most of her Crew Rise up and Attack the Mutineers. With the Victoria Retaken and Mendoza Dead, the Remaining Mutineers Realise they have been Outmaneuvered. Juan de Cartagena Surrenders the Conception without a Fight and Begs Magellan for Mercy. 3rd April In the Inca Empire, Magellan has the Arrested Mutineers put in Chains for much of the Winter and makes them Perform the Tasks of Careening the Ships, Repairing their Structure, and Cleaning out the Bilge. Gaspar de Quesada Relocates to the San Antonio, Intending to Flee at Dawn, and has Three of her Four Anchors Raised to make a quick start. The Single Anchor is Insufficient to stop the Ship from Drifting, and Sailors Loyal to Magellan have Cut her Cables after being Allowed on Board, Claiming to be a Defector. By Dawn, she has Drifted Close to the Vicinity of the Trinidad, and a Boarding Party from the Trinidad is Able to Board the San Antonio, where they find de Quesada Roaming the Quarterdeck in full Armour, Carrying a Lance and a Shield. De Quesada and his Co ~ Conspirators are all Arrested and the San Antonio’s Remaining Crew all Swear Allegiance to Magellan. 7th April In the Inca Empire, the Trial of the Leading Mutineers, Overseen by Magellan’s Cousin, Álvaro de Mezquita, lasts for Five Days. Gaspar de Quesada is Sentenced to Death and is Beheaded [his Foster-Brother and Secretary, Luis Molina, Acts as his Executioner in Exchange for Clemency] and his and Luis de Mendoza’s Bodies are then Displayed in Gibbets to Deter other would ~ be Mutineers, their Bleached and Weathered Skeletons will be found nearly Half a Century later by the English Explorer Sir Francis Drake during his Circumnavigation. Magellan could have had Juan de Cartagena Hanged, Drawn, and Quartered, but he is a Nephew of Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca, and Magellan is very Reluctant to have a Close Relative of One of his Sponsors Executed. Instead, de Mezquita Persuades Magellan to have de Cartagena, along with another Mutineer, the Catholic Priest Pedro Sánchez de la Reina, Marooned when the Fleet sets Sail from San Julián.
The Harlem Hellfighters - The 369th Infantry - Extra History
The Harlem Hellfighters - The 369th Infantry - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-09-09T17:30:01+00:00
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You know that you've done well in a war when you have multiple titles that would sound great as a band name.


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The Harlem Hellfighters - The 369th Infantry - Extra History

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Please check out The Black Veterans for Social Justice, an organization dedicated to servicing veterans, their families, and members of the community: https://bvsj.org/ When World War 1 kicked off, black Americans were not allowed to serve in the army until a draft was implemented. Even then, the 15th infantry regiment was off to a rocky start. They were trained in a town that hated them, and delayed 3 times from making it across the sea. And when they finally did make it across the ocean, they were pushed onto the French army. But that didn't stop them from being some of the most fierce combatants in WWI. With legends like Henry Johnson, Needham Roberts, and James Reese Europe, the Hellfighters fought the longest of any US regiment without giving up any ground & without a single member captured by the enemy. Got a favorite subject you want covered? Support us at Patreon to suggest EH topics: http://bit.ly/ExtraHPatreon Check out all our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-... Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_p... Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Play games with us on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Listen to our podcast: http://becausegamesmatter.com/podcast Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Hold the Phalanx!" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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Comments (4)
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User #33881337 - 9 Sep 20 22:30
I love this great job in the video.
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User #39707249 - 10 Sep 20 03:34
i would love to see korean heroes in extra credits.
user avatar
User #7226300 - 10 Sep 20 22:02
This was a fantastic video and informative. I felt shocked by the fates of the Hellfighters who returned to the USA only to find a more difficult life, and in some cases were murdered.... while I am grateful that I am able to learn their stories even 100 years later, it does remind me the complexity of the issues we face and how much further we can still climb as humanity. I appreciate what these videos teach me.
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User #2461739 - 10 Sep 20 14:53
The EC team does such a great job with representation in their character figures (including different skin tones, hijabs, different hair styles, etc.) that it didn't even occur to me at first that the soldiers all had dark skin.
Why You Should Care About CDA 230 - Platform Responsibility & Free Speech - Extra Credits
Why You Should Care About CDA 230 - Platform Responsibility & Free Speech - Extra Creditsmore_vert
2020-09-08T17:30:00+00:00
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Why You Should Care About CDA 230 - Platform Responsibility & Free Speech - Extra Credits 2020-09-08T17:30:00+00:00close

You know when both sides hate a law for opposite reasons, it's a spicy law.


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Why You Should Care About CDA 230 - Platform Responsibility & Free Speech - Extra Credits

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Thanks to Joe Newman ( https://www.fenwick.com/people/joseph-newman ), Rebecca Fewkes ( https://www.fenwick.com/people/rebecca-a-e-fewkes ), & Andrew ( https://www.fenwick.com/people/andrew-p-bridges ) for their legal expertise on this episode! President Trump wrote an executive order asking for clarification on section 230 of the Communications Decency Act. But what does that mean? What is CDA 230? And more importantly, why should people in the games industry care? CDA 230 is often referred to as the 26 words that formed the internet & grants Platform Immunity. That's the stipulation that provides platforms & users can't be held liable for what other people put out on the internet. It also is what grants platforms the power of the ban hammer. Check out further reading here: - https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2020/06/25/policing_the_internet_a_bad_idea_in_1996_--_and_today.html - https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/06/section-230-the-internet-law-politicians-love-to-hate-explained/3/ - https://www.theverge.com/2020/1/17/21070403/joe-biden-president-election-section-230-communications-decency-act-revoke - https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/28/media/trump-social-media-conservative-censorship/index.html - https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/04/google-facebook-anti-conservative-bias-claims - https://techliberation.com/2020/06/03/the-section-230-executive-order-free-speech-and-the-fcc/ Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Chat and play games with us on Twitch http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS ♪ Credits Music: "Welcome to Rainbow Resort" by Select Start https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR02611

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Comments (12)
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User #301278 - 9 Sep 20 21:03
I like how in your video you demonstrate "the left" wants to avoid people being hurt while "the right" actively wants to hurt people. Remember how upset "the right" got when Twitter started fact-checking Trump or Facebook took down posts with misinformation about COVID-19?
user avatar
User #676696 - 10 Sep 20 23:55
I just watched and listened, closely to the video, for a second time, to see if I found what you found. I'm so politically neutral that the blues see me as red, and the reds see me as blue. I know 30% of what determines political leaning is genetic, so that's evidence we need botha brake and an accelerator for human societies. What I saw and heard was concern about changes both sides want to make to CDA section 230.
user avatar
User #301278 - 11 Sep 20 14:44
Consider looking outside the video. For example the "religious liberty" laws all seem to revolve around giving conservatives the right to discriminate against others in the name of their faith. Be it denying women medicine or accepting people who are LGBTQ+ as customers. It's like the concept of "freedom" to them means "my opinion matters more than your right to be treated as an equal". Another example is after the USSC said that city council prayers were legal, provided they don't discriminate, many towns either did away with the practice completely or started finding excuses to deny non-christians the right to lead prayers (and being disrespectful to those non-christians who did lead prayers). Some were successful in this plan. The council members who had no problem having other religions listen to christian prayers gets nervous when the tables are turned. I don't think they really believe in freedom for others, just themselves.
user avatar
User #7226300 - 8 Sep 20 17:58
Fabulous video! This is insanely informative and I appreciate it. Thank you for posting this!
user avatar
User #3853597 - 9 Sep 20 19:53
Hmm... The current thing happened after Pai (a Trump appointee) weakened Net Neutrality - so companies could be biased in favor of paying customers but also their own agendas. Problem was most big business internet owners were left leaning so "First they came for Alex Jones"... Trump is enraged that there is too much ban-hammering against 'right' leaning kook speech. Not saying I could do better in a video that short - but again the modern change is the weakining of Net Neutrality - yes again by a Trump appointee. The big social media were no longer afraid of lawsuits and losing tax breaks/subsidies so pursued their own agendas with the bias a private 'blog' might have. What had been a rarity for the worst of the worst (racists, legit illegal activities) became common but leaned against 'right wing' related stuff. It's ironic - there's an old WIRED article "You made your DMCA bed, McCain, now LIE in it!" - where McCain's campaign got disrupted by fake DMCA complaints in the videos it posted. YouTube had to (short term) remove each and every one lest it be liable IF one of them turned out to be legit copyWRONG infringement and lose BIG money. Things like this are still abused today - mostly by hyper "Left" leaners though yes Right wing and big companies use fake DMCA claims to silence free speech. (such as criticism for bad movies/games) Finally "Gamergate" - it is NOT "hate" - it's about consumers and core fans expressing concern - or outright contempt - when AAA titles for games get super good ratings despite being barely above "Shovelware" and there's $ or other stuff going on behind the scenes. Or when comic books turn extreme Social Justice left and essentially spit in the eyes of main fans, but the 'new' market doesn't even buy it. Really, imagine if the latest "Mario" game was barely playable, even bricked the console if you jumped wrong here or there - then the company claimed warranties were violated - and online complaints were met with fake DMCA... Posting a screenshot of the "Console brick Goomba" as a warning to other players somehow violated "Copyright" though "Fair use" should apply? And the people that disliked Mario #84 or whatever were branded as "Incels", "Skinheads", etc. though no legit demographic info - just a way to turn the argument and control it? The various "Gates" of media simply want to give feedback when the products we buy start to ... well... SUCK... And we are all free speech, free market. IF a company decides to go on a socio-political crazy train to the far left, far right or fairyland...well yeah if they have 'the rights' to the property they can - but we don't have to buy it so let's hope their niche that wrote one or two complaining letters does... AND we demand a free and open market so even the kookiest thing (including left/snowflake stuff) has a chance someone will buy it and to form a 'niche' even if it legit is not 'mainstream'. Hardly a "hate group", IMO.
user avatar
ExtraCredits - 9 Sep 20 20:39
You are entitled to your own opinion, but I want to make it very clear that EC stood against GamerGate while it was occurring, and we stand against it now when hindsight hasn't been any kinder to it. GamerGate started as a harassment campaign and continued as a harassment campaign even when it switched focus from harassing independent developers to "ethics in game journalism" and I don't know of anyone in the industry who views it as anything other than a harassment campaign. We never did a video on it because we've tried in the past to talk about the positives of the game industry and plenty of other respected creators have wrote essays & made videos that encapsulate a lot of our thinking on the matter, but a good summary to check out would be Innuendo Studio's autopsy of the event: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6TrKkkVEhs
user avatar
User #301278 - 9 Sep 20 20:56
"Things like this are still abused today - mostly by hyper "Left" leaners" Do you have any evidence of this? I'd like to see it.
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User #3853597 - 9 Sep 20 21:33
As if a search could not reveal this? I think you know the answer and have prepared your response and the question is only to try to distract by demanding evidence. How 'bout my OWN eyes, dealing with myself and friends getting de-platformed by fake DMCA complaints such as claiming snippits used in a YouTube video were violating 'their' copyright when they had no connection whatsoever to any legit rights-holder? But good way (fake name, info) to get something on a 'free' social media platform disrupted a few days, then again and again? And we are so polarized that even if I gave info worthy of a college essay you'd probably reject it on political grounds. Hmm... How about Quinn's Ideas? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NDcIWqhX3Gc - YouTube channel - super SOY, super LEFT and Quinn is non-white? Welp, he's had his channel disrupted by fake DMCA complaints by hyper-reactive "Media Representatives" of the upcoming Dune 2020 movie. One man's opinion the new movie will SUCK, being essentially a re-do of the Sci-Fi channel movie (closer to the book but DRY as the sands of said planet) and they want to hold off everything until release to get the best opening weekend. But he's had many strikes, multiple strikes on the same issue from different 'representatives' etc. All (IMO) an attempt to squash his free speech, his 'fair use' rights to defend what I think will be a very disappointing sucky movie... The irony is he is WILD about this movie...
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User #301278 - 10 Sep 20 02:35
You made the claim so it's your responsibility to provide evidence. You have chosen not to do so. Nothing you said indicates that it was the "hyper" left (or even the regular left) that's responsible for those DMCA takedowns. Because guess what, there are companies out there who will make fake claims just to get money, no politics involved. But I guess it's easier to blame the "hyper" left than a business. If stories are evidence, consider this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DrWys-hSeS8 Also in 2019 Ted Cruz posted an anti-abortion propaganda video. Some doctors posted a counter video showing where Cruz is lying. Cruz complained and one of the videos was taken down. Guess which one it was. I'll give you a hint. It wasn't Cruz's. So I have you 1:1, that's not "most". More importantly, I gave you an example of a conservative using a false DCMA takedown to censor an opposing view while you're assuming the "false" DCMA was from the "hyper" left.
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User #301278 - 10 Sep 20 02:43
And seriously, who do you think is issuing DMCA takedowns for LGBTQ videos?
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User #8870825 - 9 Sep 20 22:32
I'm confused how conservative politicians can claim with a straight face that social media is censoring them, when they have on several occaisions threatened violence or encouraged violence on their platforms (actions that would have gotten anyone else banned), yet they still are allowed to keep posting. I remember threats from an American politician towards Iran in particular, but it wouldn't be hard to find others. (I am also unaware of any comparable violent posts from progressive / liberal politicians to compare if they get shown similar favoritism from social media platforms.)
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User #3665054 - 12 Sep 20 09:44
colde we pls get an extra patrion for the history stuff. Cause waht you amaricans are doing, intresst me as a german as mutch what my neighbor hat for lunch.
Third Century Crisis - The Great Persecution - Extra History - #5
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2020-09-04T17:31:00+00:00
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You know if I were Diocletian I also probably would just stay with my cabbages.

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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Diocletian worked hard to pull together the Roman Empire from the brink of collapse but remember, his strategy was to return the Empire to some mythic past that really never existed in the first place. But that meant something had to be done about this new pesky religion that had shown up, one that centered an executed criminal. Something must be done about Christianity. Thus began The Great Persecution and the Cult of Martyrs that would grow to become the practice of saints. But even without the religious troubles, there was unrest brewing in the empire. Diocletian and Maximius retired, only for their sons to throw the empire back into civil war. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Hold the Phalanx!" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #3566601 - 4 Sep 20 17:35
If you're a Roman Emperor it seems fear and paranoia come with the Job.
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User #3566601 - 4 Sep 20 17:40
Here's hoping "Dem Romes" becomes a seperate video ~ I'll probably have a play of Rome: Total War to get into the mood for the Cleopatra Series. P.S: We named one of our Lambs "Cleopatra," or "Cleo" for short. 173 In the Roman Empire, while Touring the Eastern Provinces, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius gives a Speech on Philosophy in the City of Athens before a large Crowd, among whom is a Young Boy Aged no more than 8 Years. Afterwards, the Boy Follows Aurelius Home and starts Asking him some Naively Honest Questions about his Speech that Day. Aurelius Learns that the Boy is an Orphan and, Due to the Emperor’s Propensity for helping the Poor and the Young, Adopts the Precocious Young Gaius Corellus Sulla before Returning to the Danubian Frontier. 178 In the Roman Empire, Commodus, the Eldest Son of Caesar Marcus Aurelius, Mysteriously Shows up Dead at his Home in Laurentum, Latium. Here History will lose Sight of Events: both Sulla and Marcus Aurelius will put Commodus’s Death down to Plague, but Future Historians will Suspect that Future Wife, Polonia, at this Point just a lowly Servant in the Household but a Close Companion of , had Caught Wind of a Nefarious Plot by Commodus to Remove his only Competitor for the Throne and had used Poison to get rid of the Threat. If Sulla or Marcus Aurelius Know anything about the Plot, then they stay Silent. 180 17th March In the Roman Empire, Caesar Marcus Aurelius Passes away at the Age of 58 in the City of Sirmium, Province of Pannonia Inferior, from Smallpox. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as the Model Ruler, Unmatched by most Men in his Wisdom, Justice and self ~ Control. His Example will be used to Motivate and to Justify a Great many Civic Reforms as Future Rulers of Rome Seek Comparison with him and a Revival of his Wise Leadership. 6th July In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Son of Marcus Aurelius, Gaius Aurelius Sulla, is Crowned as Caesar of Rome after an Appropriate Period of Mourning. On the Day of Sulla’s Coronation, the Sky over Rome ~ and most of the World ~ turns an Eerie Red hue. The Natural Cause of this Phenomenon is the Eruption of Volcanic Vents underneath a Lake on the other side of the World ~ the largest Geological Event for Centuries ~ but its Interpretation as a Bloody Omen from the Gods is all that can be Known in this Time and Place. In the Roman Empire, the Roman Senators do not Expect much from Sulla ~ he is a 16 ~ Year ~ old Boy who hasn’t even Grown a Beard yet ~ Operating under the Supervision of Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus, a General who has Returned from the Frontier to Act as Regent for the Boy ~ Emperor, and some are still Asking Questions about the True Circumstances behind the Death of Princeps Commodus. Foul Play has been Suggested, and a few of Sulla’s Bolder Critics have even Dared to Suggest that Sulla had had Commodus Poisoned. The Declaration of a bad Omen is more of an Effect, rather than the Cause of, the Weak Support for Sulla in the Senate, but even these Negative Opinions of him will slowly soften in the Face of Sulla’s Piety in Observing the State Rituals, Constantia in Sacrificing his Own Convenience for the War, and his Personal Gravitas in Speaking before the Senate. Still, Clear Public Support from outside the Senate is needed before these Qualities can sway his more Ardent Senatorial Opponents. 198 In the Roman Empire, Caesar Sulla I Personally Leads Three Legions across the Border and into Caledonia without Local Knowledge. He Selects Villages not far from the North Side of Hadrian’s Wall to be Surrounded and their Entire Populations Slaughtered. 228 1st January In the Roman Empire, while Addressing the Senate of Rome, Caesar Sulla “the Great” Collapses mid Speech. Doctors are Summoned but, Alas, the Stroke he seems to have Suffered, Despite his Apparent good Health, is Incurable, beyond the Knowledge of even Rome’s best Doctors. He will be Remembered by both Future Historians and by his Contemporaries as Rome’s finest Caesar, who Guided Rome from a Kingdom of Silver to One of Gold, in the Words of the later Romano-Greek Historian and Statesman Cassius Dio. His Statue will stand, alongside those of other Roman Caesars along the Via Augusta in the Centre of the City of Rome, as well as the Colossus of Sulla, itself Modelled after the Colossus of Rhodes. His Brutal Conquest of Caledonia, as well as his almost One ~ sided Counter ~ Attack against Parthia, will Earn him a Reputation as One of Rome’s most Famous and Skilled Generals, a Place he will share with Illustrious Names like Julius Caesar, Scipio Africanus, Germanicus, Cruuxius Tiberius Carico, and, in later Centuries, Romulus Augustus and Constantine the Great. In the Roman Empire, there is none of the Political Pomp to Mark the Transition from Dual Emperors to a Sole Ruler apart from Naming Marcian as the new Pontifex Maximius and Holding a State Funeral for Sulla. The Non ~ Event that is Marcian’s Coronation, Combined with Sulla’s Earlier Reforms of both the Army and the Praetorian Guard, Sidesteps the need for any Donativum, which a new Emperor would usually Hand out to the Guard upon his Ascension to the Throne. Marcian takes Steps to Affirm his Ability to Govern without Sulla. In his First Act as Emperor, he Revalues the Silver Denarius, Increasing the Silver Purity from 83% to 88%, up to 96 a Pound, and Issues an Edict Sanctioning different Legal Treatment of the Honourable Orders and the Peasants, Exempting the Former from Harsher Punishments while Allowing the Latter to more Easily Appeal to the Emperor. 270 In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Successor of the Late Caesar Publius Septimius Marcianus, Lucius Domitius Aurelianus, himself a Popular Military Leader, is Proclaimed Caesar of Rome by the Imperial Senate. 275 25th September In the Roman Empire, Caesar Aurelian is Murdered by the Praetorian Guard near the City of Byzantium, Thrace. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as One of Rome’s shortest Reigning, but most Significant Caesars, Breathing new Life into a Dying Empire and Reunifying Rome under One Ruler Following the Crisis of The Third Century, Saving Rome from what had seemed almost Certain Collapse. Aurelian will also be Remembered as a Religious Reformer, Reinforcing the Cult of Sol Invictus as the Main Divinity of the Roman Pantheon at a Time when many Romans were losing their Faith in the Traditional Greco-Roman Gods. Many will Speculate that, without Aurelian, the Empire might never have Survived the Invasions and Fragmentations which Occurred during the Decade during which he Reigned. 20th November In the Roman Empire, the Army, Remorseful at the Effects of the Previous Century’s Military License, which has Resulted in the Murder of a Popular Emperor, Relinquishes its Right of choosing his Successor to the Senate. Initially, the Senate is Hesitant to Accept the Responsibility but, as the Delay Drags on from Aurelian’s Death, the Senate Resolves to Settle the Matter and Offers the Throne to the Adopted Son of the Late Caesar, Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus, a 30 ~ Year ~ old Cavalry Commander from the Saxon Wars. Before his Election, Diocletian had been Living in Nicomedia, Bythinia et Pontus, and only Reluctantly Returns on the Invitation of the Assembly of the Senate in Rome, where he is Invested with Imperial Regalia. Diocletian Immediately asks the Senators to Deify Aurelian before Arresting and Executing Aurelian’s Murderers. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 284 In the Roman Empire, in Common with many Pre ~ Industrial Civilizations, Communication over a long Distance is a Problem. Since the Time of Augustus, the and Government of Rome have used a Nationwide Postal Service to Communicate Military Reports, Tax Revenue, Census Info, Foreign News and other Public Affairs to the Appropriate Officials. A Roman Citizen who Wishes to send a Letter will need to be Lucky to find someone Travelling to the Intended Destination and is Willing to Deliver the Letter. No other Form of long ~ Distance Communication is Available for Private Citizens. In the Roman Empire, during the Reign of Caesar Diocletian, the Cursus is Opened to the Citizens of the Empire. By Opening the Cursus, Diocletian has Revealed a Potential Source of Profit and Commercial Benefit to Rome. The new National Postal Service uses Two Systems of Transport: the First, the Swift Service, Employs Messengers on Horseback, Carrying Reports for the Emperor in a Distinct Baton, Administrative Messages in a Purse Slung over the Shoulder, and Private Letters in Saddlebags. The Cheap Service uses Mule ~ Driven Carts carrying Letters and Packages along the Mail Routes. A Regular Journey along the Swift Service is Broken into Stages Involving Two Independent Transfers: 1] the Switching of the Horse and 2] the Switching of the Courier. An Urgent Report from the Military will Require the Original Courier to continue the Journey to Rome, even after Passing the Baton to another Courier. This way, the Report itself will Arrive in Rome as fast as Possible and the Emperor will still Receive an Oral Account from someone with Firsthand Knowledge. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 303 24th February In the Roman Empire, Rome had long ago taken Note of the Execution of a Jewish Philosopher Called “Yeshua” in the Egyptian Province of Judaea, who is also Known as “Christos” by his Followers, and of a Minor Cult that had Grown up around him ~ and Governors in Provinces where it takes Root are sometimes Alarmed by the Rate at which it Spreads. The of Mesopotamia becomes the First De Facto Christian Province, and with the Annexation of Armenia, Rome has another Province with a Christian Majority on her Hands and no Motivation or Awareness to Handle this Shift in Demographics. Christianity Endorses Ideas which Resonate with the Roman Lower Classes ~ the Resurrection of the Dead and, unlike the Traditional Greco-Roman Religion, Reward for the Suffering of Life in Heaven. These Ideals help Spread Support for the Cult with an almost Viral Effectiveness. However, Christianity has another Advantage besides the Desirability of its Ideals to the Rabble: Patricians are Drawn to Christianity by its Inherent Pacifism, an Attitude that Wins it Strong Praise at Social Gatherings for the Upper Classes and Stories of Martyrs who Allowed their Prosecutors to Execute them rather than Defend themselves for their Faith are Regularly told at Dinner Parties, Garnering both Sympathy and Admiration from those Discussing the Events. In the Roman Empire, Diocletian is no Fan of Christianity ~ he is Conservative in Matters of Religion, a Man Faithful to the Greco-Roman Pantheon, and Understanding of Demands for Religious Purification. When Rumours begin reaching Diocletian’s Ears that One of his Military Commanders in the Eastern Regions, Georgios of Lydia, has been Favourably Allocating Grain Shipments to Christians over Jews and has been Spending Provincial Funds on Christian Bishops, the Emperor Feels Conflicted; not only is Georgios One of his best Commanders, he is a Personal Friend whom Diocletian had Persuaded to Join the Army in the First Place and these are Serious Accusations since Diocletian likes Jews and Strongly dislikes the Followers of Christ. In Response, Galerius Persuades Diocletian to Issue Letters Demanding that the Entire Army to make Sacrifices to the Greco-Roman Gods or Face Dismissal. There is very little Resistance to this new Law since most Legionaries tend to come from Sections of Society which are less Inclined Towards Christianity. Any Legionary Officers who are Christians Obey these Orders since they Value their Loyalty to Rome over a few of their Beliefs. In the Roman Empire, Georgios is not One of those who Complies; he uses his Rank and his Prestige to Arrange a Meeting with the Emperor in Nicomedia, Denouncing the new Laws to his Face and Proudly Proclaiming his Membership of the Christian Cult. Diocletian Spares no Expense in bringing in the most Eloquent Roman Priests to Argue the Case for the Empire’s Illustrious State Religion, but George will not Concede his Position. Finally, Diocletian has had enough and Decides to make an Example of George by Ordering that he be Beheaded on the Grounds of Blasphemy. 23rd April In the Roman Empire, George goes to his Death with Dignity. After Donating his Personal Fortune to the Poor, George Meets with his Executioner outside the Esquiline Gate. A Crowd Consisting of Tens of Thousands of Roman Christians, some even from the Senate, has Assembled to Witness his Martyrdom. 305 1st May In the Western Roman Empire, Augustus Maximian Abdicates in a Separate Ceremony in Mediolanum. Due to the Influence of Galerius, he is not Pleased with the new Tetrarchy, even though he Personally Leads the Ceremony which Installs Flavius Severus as Caesar. While Diocletian Retires to his Palace in Spálathos, Maximian Retires to Villas in Campania, there to Live a Life of Ease and Luxury far from the Political Centres of the Empire, although he and Diocletian Remain Close enough to stay in Regular Contact.
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User #9514649 - 6 Sep 20 04:25
Adore y'all, keep up the excellent work!
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User #13544167 - 8 Sep 20 15:57
I need a "Not Diocletian" nametag... "hello my name is" type lol
Syphilis - The Killer Cure - Extra History - #2
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2020-09-02T17:50:31+00:00
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What happens when you run an experiment so morally bankrupt it requires the entire legal system to overhaul the scientific and medical standards for ethical testing.


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If you live in Minnesota, learn more at http://U21checkups.com. If you don’t, check here: https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/benefits/epsdt/index.html . Ho boy this one is rough. Syphilis was not an untreatable disease but sometimes the cure could be worse. Malaria was used to burn out the disease from patients, but the patients this was tried on were often in the late stages of the disease, which left them paralyzed, mentally ill, and unable to consent to the experiment. Advancements in sexual health were made thanks to Ettie Rout, including widespread condom use in the army (hiding condoms as "barrel protectors"). And through the work of Sahachiiro and Paul Erlich, a magic bullet appears. But we also saw one of the world's most unethical studies, one that would radically change how we approach medical science forever: The Tuskegee Study. Got a favorite subject you want covered? Support us at Patreon to suggest EH topics: http://bit.ly/ExtraHPatreon Check out all our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-... Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_p... Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Play games with us on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Listen to our podcast: http://becausegamesmatter.com/podcast Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History Theme" By: Sean and Dean Kiner

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User #40390113 - 2 Sep 20 19:19
PLEASE POST THIS ON YOUTUBE ASAP!!!!
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User #444811 - 2 Sep 20 18:22
I giggled out loud at “Surprising No-one!”
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User #279117 - 3 Sep 20 01:34
Unfortunate that Donald Duck did not appear in this video.
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User #39707249 - 2 Sep 20 23:36
john wick ?
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User #8225551 - 2 Sep 20 18:39
they did WHAT now? O_O O_O O_O
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User #40390113 - 2 Sep 20 19:19
FANTASTIC JOB!!!!! 🥶👻🥰
Persephone & Hades - A Match Made in Hell - Extra Mythology
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2020-09-01T17:31:54+00:00
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This is one of my favorite myths mostly for how many times it's been retold and reinterpreted. Are Persephone and Hades a hostage situation or star crossed lovers? Demeter a doting mother or over protective matron? A mixture of both???

What's your favorite take on the story?


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The famous story of the seasons, Persephone and Hades. A romantic kidnapping that ended up creating a situation where Persephone has to spend half of her time in the world above and half of her time in the world below. This story may be one of the most retold and reinterpreted myths for a long time, from Hadestown to Lore Olympus. And as a bonus, hey this is also where sirens first show up, though they're much more aerial and less aquatic from their usual representation. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #39707249 - 2 Sep 20 02:47
hello everyone. mabye next time for thomas an jung geun.
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User #40066187 - 3 Sep 20 13:54
So... some priests got together and said "We have to come up with a story that explains Autumn and Winter. How about if we say that the God of the Underworld kidnapped his niece and took her to the land of the dead? I think that'll work until the philosophers get around to developing Science."
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User #269066 - 2 Sep 20 07:27
I'm just going to say, Zeus doesn't exactly have a good track record when it comes to women. Hades getting his advice, not the greatest move... but then again, he didn't force himself on Persephone; Hades legit wanted her to like him so... better then Zeus is nothing else.
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User #31624555 - 14 Sep 20 23:42
Her name was Kore as a young girl but then when married changed her name to Persephone, “bringer of destruction and death”...
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User #31624555 - 14 Sep 20 23:47
... and just as I was thinking how awesome it would be to name a puppy Persephone— Yikes!
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User #9453219 - 2 Sep 20 18:21
This story is always fascinating to me because of all the different variations on the myth. I always, admittedly, prefer the version of this where Persephone is kind of in on it and is trying to get away from her overbearing mother.
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User #19265734 - 1 Sep 20 17:57
to be honest, Zeus didn't want Hades to marry Persephone because he had his eye on her
Third Century Crisis - The Tetrarchy - Extra History - #4
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2020-08-28T17:30:01+00:00
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This episode is about taxation and bureaucracy! No wait come back I swear it's actually really fascinating!


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon The Third Century Crisis becomes manageable under Diocletian, but the emperor still faces many problems, and not all of them as exciting as assassination. The rampant devaluing of currency and lack of formal tax system makes it very difficult for the state to accumulate wealth. So Diolcletian will overhaul the tax system and that will become his most long-lasting achievement. But his more famous invention is the tetrarcy, Rome's imperial boy band who will work to stabilize the massive empire. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Hold the Phalanx!" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #33881337 - 28 Aug 20 18:04
Was it just me but was it sad when Matt Said “miss you buddy”.
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User #3566601 - 28 Aug 20 17:35
I nearly forgot to mention I was looking over video game soundtrack on YouTube and found the perfect one for this series. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GityoGjUj0g
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User #3566601 - 28 Aug 20 17:40
I hope you don't mind me putting all this up here? I'm not trying to put you out of a job or anything, and I think I did specify this is alternate history, and not meant to be taken seriously. 173 In the Roman Empire, while Touring the Eastern Provinces, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius gives a Speech on Philosophy in the City of Athens before a large Crowd, among whom is a Young Boy Aged no more than 8 Years. Afterwards, the Boy Follows Aurelius Home and starts Asking him some Naively Honest Questions about his Speech that Day. Aurelius Learns that the Boy is an Orphan and, Due to the Emperor’s Propensity for helping the Poor and the Young, Adopts the Precocious Young Gaius Corellus Sulla before Returning to the Danubian Frontier. 178 In the Roman Empire, Commodus, the Eldest Son of Caesar Marcus Aurelius, Mysteriously Shows up Dead at his Home in Laurentum, Latium. Here History will lose Sight of Events: both Sulla and Marcus Aurelius will put Commodus’s Death down to Plague, but Future Historians will Suspect that Future Wife, Polonia, at this Point just a lowly Servant in the Household but a Close Companion of , had Caught Wind of a Nefarious Plot by Commodus to Remove his only Competitor for the Throne and had used Poison to get rid of the Threat. If Sulla or Marcus Aurelius Know anything about the Plot, then they stay Silent. 180 17th March In the Roman Empire, Caesar Marcus Aurelius Passes away at the Age of 58 in the City of Sirmium, Province of Pannonia Inferior, from Smallpox. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as the Model Ruler, Unmatched by most Men in his Wisdom, Justice and self ~ Control. His Example will be used to Motivate and to Justify a Great many Civic Reforms as Future Rulers of Rome Seek Comparison with him and a Revival of his Wise Leadership. 6th July In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Son of Marcus Aurelius, Gaius Aurelius Sulla, is Crowned as Caesar of Rome after an Appropriate Period of Mourning. On the Day of Sulla’s Coronation, the Sky over Rome ~ and most of the World ~ turns an Eerie Red hue. The Natural Cause of this Phenomenon is the Eruption of Volcanic Vents underneath a Lake on the other side of the World ~ the largest Geological Event for Centuries ~ but its Interpretation as a Bloody Omen from the Gods is all that can be Known in this Time and Place. In the Roman Empire, the Roman Senators do not Expect much from Sulla ~ he is a 16 ~ Year ~ old Boy who hasn’t even Grown a Beard yet ~ Operating under the Supervision of Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus, a General who has Returned from the Frontier to Act as Regent for the Boy ~ Emperor, and some are still Asking Questions about the True Circumstances behind the Death of Princeps Commodus. Foul Play has been Suggested, and a few of Sulla’s Bolder Critics have even Dared to Suggest that Sulla had had Commodus Poisoned. The Declaration of a bad Omen is more of an Effect, rather than the Cause of, the Weak Support for Sulla in the Senate, but even these Negative Opinions of him will slowly soften in the Face of Sulla’s Piety in Observing the State Rituals, Constantia in Sacrificing his Own Convenience for the War, and his Personal Gravitas in Speaking before the Senate. Still, Clear Public Support from outside the Senate is needed before these Qualities can sway his more Ardent Senatorial Opponents. 198 In the Roman Empire, Caesar Sulla I Personally Leads Three Legions across the Border and into Caledonia without Local Knowledge. He Selects Villages not far from the North Side of Hadrian’s Wall to be Surrounded and their Entire Populations Slaughtered. 228 1st January In the Roman Empire, while Addressing the Senate of Rome, Caesar Sulla “the Great” Collapses mid Speech. Doctors are Summoned but, Alas, the Stroke he seems to have Suffered, Despite his Apparent good Health, is Incurable, beyond the Knowledge of even Rome’s best Doctors. He will be Remembered by both Future Historians and by his Contemporaries as Rome’s finest Caesar, who Guided Rome from a Kingdom of Silver to One of Gold, in the Words of the later Romano-Greek Historian and Statesman Cassius Dio. His Statue will stand, alongside those of other Roman Caesars along the Via Augusta in the Centre of the City of Rome, as well as the Colossus of Sulla, itself Modelled after the Colossus of Rhodes. His Brutal Conquest of Caledonia, as well as his almost One ~ sided Counter ~ Attack against Parthia, will Earn him a Reputation as One of Rome’s most Famous and Skilled Generals, a Place he will share with Illustrious Names like Julius Caesar, Scipio Africanus, Germanicus, Cruuxius Tiberius Carico, and, in later Centuries, Romulus Augustus and Constantine the Great. In the Roman Empire, there is none of the Political Pomp to Mark the Transition from Dual Emperors to a Sole Ruler apart from Naming Marcian as the new Pontifex Maximius and Holding a State Funeral for Sulla. The Non ~ Event that is Marcian’s Coronation, Combined with Sulla’s Earlier Reforms of both the Army and the Praetorian Guard, Sidesteps the need for any Donativum, which a new Emperor would usually Hand out to the Guard upon his Ascension to the Throne. Marcian takes Steps to Affirm his Ability to Govern without Sulla. In his First Act as Emperor, he Revalues the Silver Denarius, Increasing the Silver Purity from 83% to 88%, up to 96 a Pound, and Issues an Edict Sanctioning different Legal Treatment of the Honourable Orders and the Peasants, Exempting the Former from Harsher Punishments while Allowing the Latter to more Easily Appeal to the Emperor. 270 In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Successor of the Late Caesar Publius Septimius Marcianus, Lucius Domitius Aurelianus, himself a Popular Military Leader, is Proclaimed Caesar of Rome by the Imperial Senate. 275 25th September In the Roman Empire, Caesar Aurelian is Murdered by the Praetorian Guard near the City of Byzantium, Thrace. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as One of Rome’s shortest Reigning, but most Significant Caesars, Breathing new Life into a Dying Empire and Reunifying Rome under One Ruler Following the Crisis of The Third Century, Saving Rome from what had seemed almost Certain Collapse. Aurelian will also be Remembered as a Religious Reformer, Reinforcing the Cult of Sol Invictus as the Main Divinity of the Roman Pantheon at a Time when many Romans were losing their Faith in the Traditional Greco-Roman Gods. Many will Speculate that, without Aurelian, the Empire might never have Survived the Invasions and Fragmentations which Occurred during the Decade during which he Reigned. 20th November In the Roman Empire, the Army, Remorseful at the Effects of the Previous Century’s Military License, which has Resulted in the Murder of a Popular Emperor, Relinquishes its Right of choosing his Successor to the Senate. Initially, the Senate is Hesitant to Accept the Responsibility but, as the Delay Drags on from Aurelian’s Death, the Senate Resolves to Settle the Matter and Offers the Throne to the Adopted Son of the Late Caesar, Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus, a 30 ~ Year ~ old Cavalry Commander from the Saxon Wars. Before his Election, Diocletian had been Living in Nicomedia, Bythinia et Pontus, and only Reluctantly Returns on the Invitation of the Assembly of the Senate in Rome, where he is Invested with Imperial Regalia. Diocletian Immediately asks the Senators to Deify Aurelian before Arresting and Executing Aurelian’s Murderers. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 284 In the Roman Empire, in Common with many Pre ~ Industrial Civilizations, Communication over a long Distance is a Problem. Since the Time of Augustus, the and Government of Rome have used a Nationwide Postal Service to Communicate Military Reports, Tax Revenue, Census Info, Foreign News and other Public Affairs to the Appropriate Officials. A Roman Citizen who Wishes to send a Letter will need to be Lucky to find someone Travelling to the Intended Destination and is Willing to Deliver the Letter. No other Form of long ~ Distance Communication is Available for Private Citizens. In the Roman Empire, during the Reign of Caesar Diocletian, the Cursus is Opened to the Citizens of the Empire. By Opening the Cursus, Diocletian has Revealed a Potential Source of Profit and Commercial Benefit to Rome. The new National Postal Service uses Two Systems of Transport: the First, the Swift Service, Employs Messengers on Horseback, Carrying Reports for the Emperor in a Distinct Baton, Administrative Messages in a Purse Slung over the Shoulder, and Private Letters in Saddlebags. The Cheap Service uses Mule ~ Driven Carts carrying Letters and Packages along the Mail Routes. A Regular Journey along the Swift Service is Broken into Stages Involving Two Independent Transfers: 1] the Switching of the Horse and 2] the Switching of the Courier. An Urgent Report from the Military will Require the Original Courier to continue the Journey to Rome, even after Passing the Baton to another Courier. This way, the Report itself will Arrive in Rome as fast as Possible and the Emperor will still Receive an Oral Account from someone with Firsthand Knowledge. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 303 24th February In the Roman Empire, Rome had long ago taken Note of the Execution of a Jewish Philosopher Called “Yeshua” in the Egyptian Province of Judaea, who is also Known as “Christos” by his Followers, and of a Minor Cult that had Grown up around him ~ and Governors in Provinces where it takes Root are sometimes Alarmed by the Rate at which it Spreads. The of Mesopotamia becomes the First De Facto Christian Province, and with the Annexation of Armenia, Rome has another Province with a Christian Majority on her Hands and no Motivation or Awareness to Handle this Shift in Demographics. Christianity Endorses Ideas which Resonate with the Roman Lower Classes ~ the Resurrection of the Dead and, unlike the Traditional Greco-Roman Religion, Reward for the Suffering of Life in Heaven. These Ideals help Spread Support for the Cult with an almost Viral Effectiveness. However, Christianity has another Advantage besides the Desirability of its Ideals to the Rabble: Patricians are Drawn to Christianity by its Inherent Pacifism, an Attitude that Wins it Strong Praise at Social Gatherings for the Upper Classes and Stories of Martyrs who Allowed their Prosecutors to Execute them rather than Defend themselves for their Faith are Regularly told at Dinner Parties, Garnering both Sympathy and Admiration from those Discussing the Events. In the Roman Empire, Diocletian is no Fan of Christianity ~ he is Conservative in Matters of Religion, a Man Faithful to the Greco-Roman Pantheon, and Understanding of Demands for Religious Purification. When Rumours begin reaching Diocletian’s Ears that One of his Military Commanders in the Eastern Regions, Georgios of Lydia, has been Favourably Allocating Grain Shipments to Christians over Jews and has been Spending Provincial Funds on Christian Bishops, the Emperor Feels Conflicted; not only is Georgios One of his best Commanders, he is a Personal Friend whom Diocletian had Persuaded to Join the Army in the First Place and these are Serious Accusations since Diocletian likes Jews and Strongly dislikes the Followers of Christ. In Response, Galerius Persuades Diocletian to Issue Letters Demanding that the Entire Army to make Sacrifices to the Greco-Roman Gods or Face Dismissal. There is very little Resistance to this new Law since most Legionaries tend to come from Sections of Society which are less Inclined Towards Christianity. Any Legionary Officers who are Christians Obey these Orders since they Value their Loyalty to Rome over a few of their Beliefs. In the Roman Empire, Georgios is not One of those who Complies; he uses his Rank and his Prestige to Arrange a Meeting with the Emperor in Nicomedia, Denouncing the new Laws to his Face and Proudly Proclaiming his Membership of the Christian Cult. Diocletian Spares no Expense in bringing in the most Eloquent Roman Priests to Argue the Case for the Empire’s Illustrious State Religion, but George will not Concede his Position. Finally, Diocletian has had enough and Decides to make an Example of George by Ordering that he be Beheaded on the Grounds of Blasphemy. 23rd April In the Roman Empire, George goes to his Death with Dignity. After Donating his Personal Fortune to the Poor, George Meets with his Executioner outside the Esquiline Gate. A Crowd Consisting of Tens of Thousands of Roman Christians, some even from the Senate, has Assembled to Witness his Martyrdom.
Syphilis - The Great Imitator - Extra History - #1
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2020-08-26T17:30:59+00:00
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Do not see if mercury is right for you, it is not right for anyone, it is poison.


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If you live in Minnesota, learn more at http://U21checkups.com. If you don’t, check here: https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/benefits/epsdt/index.html . While France and Italy warred against each other, a new disease appeared to ravage the populace. A disease that had such a wide array of symptoms that expressed wildly differently in people to the point doctors called it The Great Imitator. Syphilis. A sexually transmitted disease that caused physical and psychological damage. A disease that exposed affairs (even one pope) and led to doctors beginning to advertise themselves as not only skilled but discreet. Got a favorite subject you want covered? Support us at Patreon to suggest EH topics: http://bit.ly/ExtraHPatreon Check out all our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-... Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_p... Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Play games with us on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Listen to our podcast: http://becausegamesmatter.com/podcast Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History Theme" By: Sean and Dean Kiner

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Comments (6)
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User #39707249 - 26 Aug 20 19:51
look at that worm. looks cute.
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User #26436536 - 26 Aug 20 19:36
Ah, yes, my favourite medicine: Mercury.
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User #35673132 - 26 Aug 20 17:47
Gotta admit, the "ad" at the end got me good. I think I laughed for a solid 4-5 minutes. Well done EC team, well done.
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User #10268801 - 2 Sep 20 10:16
I was torn between laughter and wanting to gouge my eyes/ears out. Not because of the mercury, medical product ads just do that to me.
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User #431642 - 26 Aug 20 23:36
It's "elephantiasis"
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User #676696 - 28 Aug 20 01:16
Zoe is our hero (because "heroine" is now old-fashioned, and looks/sounds too much like a really dangerous substance/bad idea)! I love her increasingly vivid and very appropriate reactions to a heavy metal (and Mercury, of all things!) as a topical or (Horrors!) internal medicine. Wow. Some day, please do a follow-up on Mercury, as a study of the thoughts that led people to think it was a good medicine. Studying the thoughts could help us avoid similar mistakes (e.g. the decades we insisted that stomach ulcers were stress-induced, and couldn't be related to bacterial infection).
The Bystander Effect - Standing Up From the Crowd - Extra Credits
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2020-08-25T19:25:30+00:00
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I'm sorry the episode is a touch late, a plague has fallen upon my house. (Not COVID thankfully, but still :T )

I don't forget to heal Genji because of the Bystander Effect, I refuse to heal Genji because I will not follow him into death.


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Get an ENTIRE YEAR of Curiosity Stream for $14.99 by using code 'ExtraCredits' here https://curiositystream.com/extracredits Thank you to Lane Stanely for writing this episode ( www.lanemichaelstanley.com ). The Bystander Effect is a fairly well-documented phenomenon that states when people are in a crowd, they are less likely to offer help to people in need. There are a number of reasons for this. One might be the assumption that someone else will take responsibility. Another might be that we tend to look to other people to gauge how serious a situation is. When no one is reacting, we assume that the situation isn't dire. But how does this effect show up in games like Overwatch or League of Legends? Can MMOs like World of Warcraft help us overcome the effect? Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Chat and play games with us on Twitch http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS ♪ Outro Music: "Reversing the Alien Attack" by Stam https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR03678

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User #39707249 - 25 Aug 20 19:54
i can't wait to see the result of vote at 28th. thomas an jung geun will be success.
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User #30379557 - 25 Aug 20 20:01
I think it's really important to note that the bystander effect is often overstated. The case from which the term is coined isn't as cut and dry as it's often said https://www.npr.org/2014/03/03/284002294/what-really-happened-the-night-kitty-genovese-was-murdered
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User #30379557 - 25 Aug 20 20:08
Also there is at least some research to the contrary: https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Famp0000469 it would be interesting to see a meta analysis of research that goes both ways.
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User #676696 - 28 Aug 20 00:57
I love that you reach beyond games as entertainment and deal with larger issues that can, and probably will, touch all of us. I would love to watch your videos as part of a watch party, with friends and others, able to discuss the content and our own experiences. Wish I knew how to do that.
The Keys to Game Management - Management Culture Around the World - Extra Credits
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2020-08-21T02:02:22+00:00
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We've been saving this episode for a rainy day, but with the Game Jam starting tomorrow and a lot of teams trying to figure out how to wrangle several people to make a game in 72 hrs, we figured this might be the time to release it. :)

So please enjoy a bonus episode!


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Thanks to Fawzi Mesmar for writing this episode! As the Game Jam approaches and teams scramble to make a game over the weekend, we figured these tips on team management might be helpful! If you'd like to jam, check out our page here: https://bit.ly/349UpQf Fawzi Mesmar, the author of Al-Khallab on the Art of Game Design, has worked as a game designer and manager in many different parts of the world. Through his journey and career, he's noticed that each place he's worked has a slightly different approach to how management and employees work together. And each one has its own unique benefits which can help inform how a studio approaches work. By learning from each style, we can work better together in our increasingly global teams & you can adapt them for your own particular style. Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Chat and play games with us on Twitch http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS ♪ "Chao Cave Rave" by Chris Belair https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR03360

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User #676696 - 28 Aug 20 00:37
Wow. I've tried to understand management theories X, Y, and Z before, but mostly struggled, and I've forgotten nearly everything. I think part of the reason is that other presentations picked a winner, and tended to disparage the other two theories. This video is much more positive. I'll have to watch again, to get the differences between X, Y, and Z more clearly. To that end, I actually clicked through to YouTube, so I could save this video in a few existing playlists, and start a new "Biz Ed" list. Thank you all.
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User #39707249 - 21 Aug 20 05:03
this looks really fun and interesting. i love game designs. it's really amusing.
Third Century Crisis - Not Diocletian - Extra History - #3
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2020-08-21T17:30:59+00:00
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Let the Merry Go Round of Murder continue!!!


If you're a $10+ patron, you can submit questions directly for the Lies episode here


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon A messy and petty assassination plot kills Aurelian after 5 years of ruling. Would Rome be doomed to start the crisis a new? At first, it seemed like it. Emperors rose and fell and were assassinated, died in accidents, etc. Definitely not by the elite commander Diocletian though. Even if Diocletian benefited greatly from the crisis. Like becoming the new Emperor of Rome. Now the civil war and conga line of assassinations and political plotting might make it sound like Diocletian is just another horse on the merry go round of absolute chaos Rome had become. But this new Emperor had BIG ideas. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Hold the Phalanx!" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #39318725 - 22 Aug 20 03:35
It was Walpole, no Diocletian
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User #3566601 - 21 Aug 20 17:35
Came just as I was about to play Imperator: Rome.
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User #3566601 - 21 Aug 20 17:40
I shall think of this Episode as a late birthday gift. 173 In the Roman Empire, while Touring the Eastern Provinces, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius gives a Speech on Philosophy in the City of Athens before a large Crowd, among whom is a Young Boy Aged no more than 8 Years. Afterwards, the Boy Follows Aurelius Home and starts Asking him some Naively Honest Questions about his Speech that Day. Aurelius Learns that the Boy is an Orphan and, Due to the Emperor’s Propensity for helping the Poor and the Young, Adopts the Precocious Young Gaius Corellus Sulla before Returning to the Danubian Frontier. 178 In the Roman Empire, Commodus, the Eldest Son of Caesar Marcus Aurelius, Mysteriously Shows up Dead at his Home in Laurentum, Latium. Here History will lose Sight of Events: both Sulla and Marcus Aurelius will put Commodus’s Death down to Plague, but Future Historians will Suspect that Future Wife, Polonia, at this Point just a lowly Servant in the Household but a Close Companion of , had Caught Wind of a Nefarious Plot by Commodus to Remove his only Competitor for the Throne and had used Poison to get rid of the Threat. If Sulla or Marcus Aurelius Know anything about the Plot, then they stay Silent. 180 17th March In the Roman Empire, Caesar Marcus Aurelius Passes away at the Age of 58 in the City of Sirmium, Province of Pannonia Inferior, from Smallpox. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as the Model Ruler, Unmatched by most Men in his Wisdom, Justice and self ~ Control. His Example will be used to Motivate and to Justify a Great many Civic Reforms as Future Rulers of Rome Seek Comparison with him and a Revival of his Wise Leadership. 6th July In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Son of Marcus Aurelius, Gaius Aurelius Sulla, is Crowned as Caesar of Rome after an Appropriate Period of Mourning. On the Day of Sulla’s Coronation, the Sky over Rome ~ and most of the World ~ turns an Eerie Red hue. The Natural Cause of this Phenomenon is the Eruption of Volcanic Vents underneath a Lake on the other side of the World ~ the largest Geological Event for Centuries ~ but its Interpretation as a Bloody Omen from the Gods is all that can be Known in this Time and Place. In the Roman Empire, the Roman Senators do not Expect much from Sulla ~ he is a 16 ~ Year ~ old Boy who hasn’t even Grown a Beard yet ~ Operating under the Supervision of Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus, a General who has Returned from the Frontier to Act as Regent for the Boy ~ Emperor, and some are still Asking Questions about the True Circumstances behind the Death of Princeps Commodus. Foul Play has been Suggested, and a few of Sulla’s Bolder Critics have even Dared to Suggest that Sulla had had Commodus Poisoned. The Declaration of a bad Omen is more of an Effect, rather than the Cause of, the Weak Support for Sulla in the Senate, but even these Negative Opinions of him will slowly soften in the Face of Sulla’s Piety in Observing the State Rituals, Constantia in Sacrificing his Own Convenience for the War, and his Personal Gravitas in Speaking before the Senate. Still, Clear Public Support from outside the Senate is needed before these Qualities can sway his more Ardent Senatorial Opponents. 198 In the Roman Empire, Caesar Sulla I Personally Leads Three Legions across the Border and into Caledonia without Local Knowledge. He Selects Villages not far from the North Side of Hadrian’s Wall to be Surrounded and their Entire Populations Slaughtered. 228 1st January In the Roman Empire, while Addressing the Senate of Rome, Caesar Sulla “the Great” Collapses mid Speech. Doctors are Summoned but, Alas, the Stroke he seems to have Suffered, Despite his Apparent good Health, is Incurable, beyond the Knowledge of even Rome’s best Doctors. He will be Remembered by both Future Historians and by his Contemporaries as Rome’s finest Caesar, who Guided Rome from a Kingdom of Silver to One of Gold, in the Words of the later Romano-Greek Historian and Statesman Cassius Dio. His Statue will stand, alongside those of other Roman Caesars along the Via Augusta in the Centre of the City of Rome, as well as the Colossus of Sulla, itself Modelled after the Colossus of Rhodes. His Brutal Conquest of Caledonia, as well as his almost One ~ sided Counter ~ Attack against Parthia, will Earn him a Reputation as One of Rome’s most Famous and Skilled Generals, a Place he will share with Illustrious Names like Julius Caesar, Scipio Africanus, Germanicus, Cruuxius Tiberius Carico, and, in later Centuries, Romulus Augustus and Constantine the Great. 270 In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Successor of the Late Caesar Publius Septimius Marcianus, Lucius Domitius Aurelianus, himself a Popular Military Leader, is Proclaimed Caesar of Rome by the Imperial Senate. 275 25th September In the Roman Empire, Caesar Aurelian is Murdered by the Praetorian Guard near the City of Byzantium, Thrace. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as One of Rome’s shortest Reigning, but most Significant Caesars, Breathing new Life into a Dying Empire and Reunifying Rome under One Ruler Following the Crisis of The Third Century, Saving Rome from what had seemed almost Certain Collapse. Aurelian will also be Remembered as a Religious Reformer, Reinforcing the Cult of Sol Invictus as the Main Divinity of the Roman Pantheon at a Time when many Romans were losing their Faith in the Traditional Greco-Roman Gods. Many will Speculate that, without Aurelian, the Empire might never have Survived the Invasions and Fragmentations which Occurred during the Decade during which he Reigned. 20th November In the Roman Empire, the Army, Remorseful at the Effects of the Previous Century’s Military License, which has Resulted in the Murder of a Popular Emperor, Relinquishes its Right of choosing his Successor to the Senate. Initially, the Senate is Hesitant to Accept the Responsibility but, as the Delay Drags on from Aurelian’s Death, the Senate Resolves to Settle the Matter and Offers the Throne to the Adopted Son of the Late Caesar, Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus, a 30 ~ Year ~ old Cavalry Commander from the Saxon Wars. Before his Election, Diocletian had been Living in Nicomedia, Bythinia et Pontus, and only Reluctantly Returns on the Invitation of the Assembly of the Senate in Rome, where he is Invested with Imperial Regalia. Diocletian Immediately asks the Senators to Deify Aurelian before Arresting and Executing Aurelian’s Murderers. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 284 In the Roman Empire, in Common with many Pre ~ Industrial Civilizations, Communication over a long Distance is a Problem. Since the Time of Augustus, the and Government of Rome have used a Nationwide Postal Service to Communicate Military Reports, Tax Revenue, Census Info, Foreign News and other Public Affairs to the Appropriate Officials. A Roman Citizen who Wishes to send a Letter will need to be Lucky to find someone Travelling to the Intended Destination and is Willing to Deliver the Letter. No other Form of long ~ Distance Communication is Available for Private Citizens. In the Roman Empire, during the Reign of Caesar Diocletian, the Cursus is Opened to the Citizens of the Empire. By Opening the Cursus, Diocletian has Revealed a Potential Source of Profit and Commercial Benefit to Rome. The new National Postal Service uses Two Systems of Transport: the First, the Swift Service, Employs Messengers on Horseback, Carrying Reports for the Emperor in a Distinct Baton, Administrative Messages in a Purse Slung over the Shoulder, and Private Letters in Saddlebags. The Cheap Service uses Mule ~ Driven Carts carrying Letters and Packages along the Mail Routes. A Regular Journey along the Swift Service is Broken into Stages Involving Two Independent Transfers: 1] the Switching of the Horse and 2] the Switching of the Courier. An Urgent Report from the Military will Require the Original Courier to continue the Journey to Rome, even after Passing the Baton to another Courier. This way, the Report itself will Arrive in Rome as fast as Possible and the Emperor will still Receive an Oral Account from someone with Firsthand Knowledge. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 303 24th February In the Roman Empire, Rome had long ago taken Note of the Execution of a Jewish Philosopher Called “Yeshua” in the Egyptian Province of Judaea, who is also Known as “Christos” by his Followers, and of a Minor Cult that had Grown up around him ~ and Governors in Provinces where it takes Root are sometimes Alarmed by the Rate at which it Spreads. The of Mesopotamia becomes the First De Facto Christian , and with the Annexation of Armenia, Rome has another Province with a Christian Majority on her Hands and no Motivation or Awareness to Handle this Shift in Demographics. Christianity Endorses Ideas which Resonate with the Roman Lower Classes ~ the Resurrection of the Dead and, unlike the Traditional Greco-Roman Religion, Reward for the Suffering of Life in Heaven. These Ideals help Spread Support for the Cult with an almost Viral Effectiveness. However, Christianity has another Advantage besides the Desirability of its Ideals to the Rabble: Patricians are Drawn to Christianity by its Inherent Pacifism, an Attitude that Wins it Strong Praise at Social Gatherings for the Upper Classes and Stories of Martyrs who Allowed their Prosecutors to Execute them rather than Defend themselves for their Faith are Regularly told at Dinner Parties, Garnering both Sympathy and Admiration from those Discussing the Events. In the Roman Empire, Diocletian is no Fan of Christianity ~ he is Conservative in Matters of Religion, a Man Faithful to the Greco-Roman Pantheon, and Understanding of Demands for Religious Purification. When Rumours begin reaching Diocletian’s Ears that One of his Military Commanders in the Eastern Regions, Georgios of Lydia, has been Favourably Allocating Grain Shipments to Christians over Jews and has been Spending Provincial Funds on Christian Bishops, the Emperor Feels Conflicted; not only is Georgios One of his best Commanders, he is a Personal Friend whom Diocletian had Persuaded to Join the Army in the First Place and these are Serious Accusations since Diocletian likes Jews and Strongly dislikes the Followers of Christ. In Response, Galerius Persuades Diocletian to Issue Letters Demanding that the Entire Army to make Sacrifices to the Greco-Roman Gods or Face Dismissal. There is very little Resistance to this new Law since most Legionaries tend to come from Sections of Society which are less Inclined Towards Christianity. Any Legionary Officers who are Christians Obey these Orders since they Value their Loyalty to Rome over a few of their Beliefs.
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User #65953 - 22 Aug 20 18:47
Diocletian has the most frightening "smile" I've ever seen. Well done!
Mythology of The Witcher - The Wild Hunt - Extra Mythology
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I've always heard of the stories of the Wild Hunt being associated with the Fae. Do you have any local stories of the Wild Hunt?


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We're doing something a little bit different for this Extra Mythology. We're examining the intersection of real world mythology and fictional world mythology in The Witcher. One of the main antagonists in The Witcher 3 is a spectral force named The Wild Hunt. Well, kinda spectral. Turns out there's a whole big deal with some portals and elves??? But there's also an equivalent, from many different places all over the world. Slavic folklore tells of riders that come with baying hounds and winter winds. They take all different forms, but all share one thing in common: you don't want to be taken by them, wherever they may go. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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Comments (8)
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User #8225551 - 19 Aug 20 11:23
Love the Luci reference ^_^
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User #638171 - 19 Aug 20 13:52
French-Canadian folklore has a tale called the "Chasse-Galerie" about a group of men flying through the sky on an enchanted canoe after making a deal with the Devil. It is thought the story arose from a blending of the Wild Hunt, brought by French settlers, and local First Nations traditions.
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User #29003700 - 18 Aug 20 19:35
Wind's Howling...
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User #65953 - 20 Aug 20 15:36
If I might give my honest feedback to your question about mythologies from games going forward, it's this: don't forget to keep it focused on the historical peoples and context when you can. Don't get me wrong: I loved learning that the wild hunt is based on actual mythology! Still, this episode felt a just little less focused than previous entries. I acknowledge that might be partially due to the source material
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User #16535836 - 19 Aug 20 03:19
Would like to hear about Cernunnos and all his horns
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User #294715 - 21 Aug 20 15:59
Re: Megabyte01's comment: hard same. I'd have preferred less (and less spoilery) details about the Witcher version and more about the Welsh, continental, etc. originals.
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User #676696 - 20 Aug 20 00:26
Thanks for the background for the game, and the look at broader, deeper mythology. It's not the kind of game I play, but maybe one of the people I follow online will play it, and I'll better understand what's going on.
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User #39707249 - 18 Aug 20 20:10
saurons army ?
Third Century Crisis - Enter Aurelian - Extra History - #2
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The script is wrong, Nick absolutely drew the correct Goths.


If you're a $10+ patron, you can submit questions directly for the Lies episode here


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Aurelian came from... well, we don't really know where exactly. But boy did he leave his mark on Roman history. While Rome was being gripped by the Third Century Crisis and most emperors could rarely last for a year, Aurelian became emperor and managed to claim several titles, including Restitutor Orbis, restorer of the world. Quite a hefty title, that. We cover his battles with the German tribes, the Goths, and Zenobia. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Hold the Phalanx!" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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Comments (13)
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User #3566601 - 14 Aug 20 19:40
Got the Episode a bit later but it gave me Time to finish new Alternate History segments. Are you going to make the song in Episode 1 a sperate video?
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ExtraCredits - 15 Aug 20 00:55
Hadn't thought of doing so but I certainly could if people were interested!
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User #3566601 - 15 Aug 20 16:05
P.S: I am going to consider this episode a birthday gift from you to me. If you guys did a bean animated version of the hokey cokey/pokey, I bet people'd pay good money to watch. 173 In the Roman Empire, while Touring the Eastern Provinces, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius gives a Speech on Philosophy in the City of Athens before a large Crowd, among whom is a Young Boy Aged no more than 8 Years. Afterwards, the Boy Follows Aurelius Home and starts Asking him some Naively Honest Questions about his Speech that Day. Aurelius Learns that the Boy is an Orphan and, Due to the Emperor’s Propensity for helping the Poor and the Young, Adopts the Precocious Young Gaius Corellus Sulla before Returning to the Danubian Frontier. 178 In the Roman Empire, Commodus, the Eldest Son of Caesar Marcus Aurelius, Mysteriously Shows up Dead at his Home in Laurentum, Latium. Here History will lose Sight of Events: both Sulla and Marcus Aurelius will put Commodus’s Death down to Plague, but Future Historians will Suspect that Future Wife, Polonia, at this Point just a lowly Servant in the Household but a Close Companion of , had Caught Wind of a Nefarious Plot by Commodus to Remove his only Competitor for the Throne and had used Poison to get rid of the Threat. If Sulla or Marcus Aurelius Know anything about the Plot, then they stay Silent. 180 17th March In the Roman Empire, Caesar Marcus Aurelius Passes away at the Age of 58 in the City of Sirmium, Province of Pannonia Inferior, from Smallpox. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as the Model Ruler, Unmatched by most Men in his Wisdom, Justice and self ~ Control. His Example will be used to Motivate and to Justify a Great many Civic Reforms as Future Rulers of Rome Seek Comparison with him and a Revival of his Wise Leadership. 6th July In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Son of Marcus Aurelius, Gaius Aurelius Sulla, is Crowned as Caesar of Rome after an Appropriate Period of Mourning. On the Day of Sulla’s Coronation, the Sky over Rome ~ and most of the World ~ turns an Eerie Red hue. The Natural Cause of this Phenomenon is the Eruption of Volcanic Vents underneath a Lake on the other side of the World ~ the largest Geological Event for Centuries ~ but its Interpretation as a Bloody Omen from the Gods is all that can be Known in this Time and Place. In the Roman Empire, the Roman Senators do not Expect much from Sulla ~ he is a 16 ~ Year ~ old Boy who hasn’t even Grown a Beard yet ~ Operating under the Supervision of Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus, a General who has Returned from the Frontier to Act as Regent for the Boy ~ Emperor, and some are still Asking Questions about the True Circumstances behind the Death of Princeps Commodus. Foul Play has been Suggested, and a few of Sulla’s Bolder Critics have even Dared to Suggest that Sulla had had Commodus Poisoned. The Declaration of a bad Omen is more of an Effect, rather than the Cause of, the Weak Support for Sulla in the Senate, but even these Negative Opinions of him will slowly soften in the Face of Sulla’s Piety in Observing the State Rituals, Constantia in Sacrificing his Own Convenience for the War, and his Personal Gravitas in Speaking before the Senate. Still, Clear Public Support from outside the Senate is needed before these Qualities can sway his more Ardent Senatorial Opponents. 198 In the Roman Empire, Caesar Sulla I Personally Leads Three Legions across the Border and into Caledonia without Local Knowledge. He Selects Villages not far from the North Side of Hadrian’s Wall to be Surrounded and their Entire Populations Slaughtered. 228 1st January In the Roman Empire, while Addressing the Senate of Rome, Caesar Sulla “the Great” Collapses mid Speech. Doctors are Summoned but, Alas, the Stroke he seems to have Suffered, Despite his Apparent good Health, is Incurable, beyond the Knowledge of even Rome’s best Doctors. He will be Remembered by both Future Historians and by his Contemporaries as Rome’s finest Caesar, who Guided Rome from a Kingdom of Silver to One of Gold, in the Words of the later Romano-Greek Historian and Statesman Cassius Dio. His Statue will stand, alongside those of other Roman Caesars along the Via Augusta in the Centre of the City of Rome, as well as the Colossus of Sulla, itself Modelled after the Colossus of Rhodes. His Brutal Conquest of Caledonia, as well as his almost One ~ sided Counter ~ Attack against Parthia, will Earn him a Reputation as One of Rome’s most Famous and Skilled Generals, a Place he will share with Illustrious Names like Julius Caesar, Scipio Africanus, Germanicus, Cruuxius Tiberius Carico, and, in later Centuries, Romulus Augustus and Constantine the Great. 270 In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Successor of the Late Caesar Publius Septimius Marcianus, Lucius Domitius Aurelianus, himself a Popular Military Leader, is Proclaimed Caesar of Rome by the Imperial Senate. 275 25th September In the Roman Empire, Caesar Aurelian is Murdered by the Praetorian Guard near the City of Byzantium, Thrace. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as One of Rome’s shortest Reigning, but most Significant Caesars, Breathing new Life into a Dying Empire and Reunifying Rome under One Ruler Following the Crisis of The Third Century, Saving Rome from what had seemed almost Certain Collapse. Aurelian will also be Remembered as a Religious Reformer, Reinforcing the Cult of Sol Invictus as the Main Divinity of the Roman Pantheon at a Time when many Romans were losing their Faith in the Traditional Greco-Roman Gods. Many will Speculate that, without Aurelian, the Empire might never have Survived the Invasions and Fragmentations which Occurred during the Decade during which he Reigned. 20th November In the Roman Empire, the Army, Remorseful at the Effects of the Previous Century’s Military License, which has Resulted in the Murder of a Popular Emperor, Relinquishes its Right of choosing his Successor to the Senate. Initially, the Senate is Hesitant to Accept the Responsibility but, as the Delay Drags on from Aurelian’s Death, the Senate Resolves to Settle the Matter and Offers the Throne to the Adopted Son of the Late Caesar, Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus, a 30 ~ Year ~ old Cavalry Commander from the Saxon Wars. Before his Election, Diocletian had been Living in Nicomedia, Bythinia et Pontus, and only Reluctantly Returns on the Invitation of the Assembly of the Senate in Rome, where he is Invested with Imperial Regalia. Diocletian Immediately asks the Senators to Deify Aurelian before Arresting and Executing Aurelian’s Murderers. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 284 In the Roman Empire, in Common with many Pre ~ Industrial Civilizations, Communication over a long Distance is a Problem. Since the Time of Augustus, the and Government of Rome have used a Nationwide Postal Service to Communicate Military Reports, Tax Revenue, Census Info, Foreign News and other Public Affairs to the Appropriate Officials. A Roman Citizen who Wishes to send a Letter will need to be Lucky to find someone Travelling to the Intended Destination and is Willing to Deliver the Letter. No other Form of long ~ Distance Communication is Available for Private Citizens. In the Roman Empire, during the Reign of Caesar Diocletian, the Cursus is Opened to the Citizens of the Empire. By Opening the Cursus, Diocletian has Revealed a Potential Source of Profit and Commercial Benefit to Rome. The new National Postal Service uses Two Systems of Transport: the First, the Swift Service, Employs Messengers on Horseback, Carrying Reports for the Emperor in a Distinct Baton, Administrative Messages in a Purse Slung over the Shoulder, and Private Letters in Saddlebags. The Cheap Service uses Mule ~ Driven Carts carrying Letters and Packages along the Mail Routes. A Regular Journey along the Swift Service is Broken into Stages Involving Two Independent Transfers: 1] the Switching of the Horse and 2] the Switching of the Courier. An Urgent Report from the Military will Require the Original Courier to continue the Journey to Rome, even after Passing the Baton to another Courier. This way, the Report itself will Arrive in Rome as fast as Possible and the Emperor will still Receive an Oral Account from someone with Firsthand Knowledge. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards. 303 24th February In the Roman Empire, Rome had long ago taken Note of the Execution of a Jewish Philosopher Called “Yeshua” in the Egyptian Province of Judaea, who is also Known as “Christos” by his Followers, and of a Minor Cult that had Grown up around him ~ and Governors in Provinces where it takes Root are sometimes Alarmed by the Rate at which it Spreads. The of Mesopotamia becomes the First De Facto Christian , and with the Annexation of Armenia, Rome has another Province with a Christian Majority on her Hands and no Motivation or Awareness to Handle this Shift in Demographics. Christianity Endorses Ideas which Resonate with the Roman Lower Classes ~ the Resurrection of the Dead and, unlike the Traditional Greco-Roman Religion, Reward for the Suffering of Life in Heaven. These Ideals help Spread Support for the Cult with an almost Viral Effectiveness. However, Christianity has another Advantage besides the Desirability of its Ideals to the Rabble: Patricians are Drawn to Christianity by its Inherent Pacifism, an Attitude that Wins it Strong Praise at Social Gatherings for the Upper Classes and Stories of Martyrs who Allowed their Prosecutors to Execute them rather than Defend themselves for their Faith are Regularly told at Dinner Parties, Garnering both Sympathy and Admiration from those Discussing the Events. In the Roman Empire, Diocletian is no Fan of Christianity ~ he is Conservative in Matters of Religion, a Man Faithful to the Greco-Roman Pantheon, and Understanding of Demands for Religious Purification. When Rumours begin reaching Diocletian’s Ears that One of his Military Commanders in the Eastern Regions, Georgios of Lydia, has been Favourably Allocating Grain Shipments to Christians over Jews and has been Spending Provincial Funds on Christian Bishops, the Emperor Feels Conflicted; not only is Georgios One of his best Commanders, he is a Personal Friend whom Diocletian had Persuaded to Join the Army in the First Place and these are Serious Accusations since Diocletian likes Jews and Strongly dislikes the Followers of Christ. In Response, Galerius Persuades Diocletian to Issue Letters Demanding that the Entire Army to make Sacrifices to the Greco-Roman Gods or Face Dismissal. There is very little Resistance to this new Law since most Legionaries tend to come from Sections of Society which are less Inclined Towards Christianity. Any Legionary Officers who are Christians Obey these Orders since they Value their Loyalty to Rome over a few of their Beliefs.
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User #676696 - 28 Aug 20 00:23
I really do pay attention, but my favorite part is still seeing Zoe bounding across the top of the titles, in the end sequence. I gave a Zoe plush to a friend, who'd lost her much loved, long-suffering actual cat. She does draw comfort from her Zoe clone. =^.^=
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User #294715 - 21 Aug 20 16:10
Maybe I should request this for "Lies", but so far (2 eps in) the series focuses on the battles and revolving door of emperors. Are we going to see the effects of the crisis on the rest of the Empire? Are there enough soldiers to safeguard trade routes and colonies, or are the provinces fending for themselves? Who handles other, non-military crises in the Empire when the head of state is leading armies in the field most of the time?
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User #39707249 - 14 Aug 20 20:58
i really want to see the new korean hero episode.
user avatar
User #32008252 - 14 Aug 20 18:39
Always happy to see the new video
user avatar
User #19265734 - 14 Aug 20 18:26
way to rub it in Aurelian. parading both leaders in chains
user avatar
User #10254327 - 15 Aug 20 13:02
That's how Triumphs worked. They were to be paraded along until the parade reached the temple of Jupiter, at which point the enemy leaders in question were ritually strangled alongside the rest of their people that were paraded with them.
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User #19265734 - 15 Aug 20 14:42
i am aware of the nature of triumphs, just the leaders were rarely covered in gold chains, rather they were dragged behind the emperor's charriot, discraced, this is reminding them that they used to have power
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User #10254327 - 14 Aug 20 23:09
There's a delicious irony to the thought of Romans feigning a retreat using lighter cavalry to tire out a heavier counterpart.
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User #3566601 - 15 Aug 20 17:45
Do you suppose they copied that tactic off the Parthians after Parthia defeated Roman armies at Carrhae and stole several Legionary Eagles? The Romans had a knack for learning from their enemies ~ weapons, tactics, anything that they thought worked.
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User #950914 - 14 Aug 20 17:43
Not shown in this episode: Zenobia and Tetricus being strangled to death in a ceremonial execution at the end of the Triumph.
The Trojan War - Battles in the Bronze Age - Extra History - #2
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You all are getting this video early so the game isn't quite out yet ;) but tomorrow you can follow this link to get Total War Saga: Troy completely free. https://bit.ly/EHTroy


I'll be picking it up for sure and it'll be my first Total War game so if y'all have advice, please help a guy out - Arthur


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The Trojan War - Battles in the Bronze Age - Extra History - #2

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You can get Total War Saga: Troy for FREE, today, August 13th by following this link: https://bit.ly/EHTroy ! Thank you to Creative Assembly and to Total War for making this series possible! So since we uncovered Troy then we should know how the ancient battles described in the Iliad actually went down right? It's a little more complicated than that. Unfortunately, most of what we understand we've had to piece together from only a few surviving artifacts or writings. But even writings from Homer do inform us of some aspects of the bronze age battlefield. And also informs us of some of the bigger anachronisms hiding in the Iliad. Would Achilles really just abandon his chariot instead of using it to run people down? And was there a real Trojan horse?! Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History - Odds and Ends" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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User #39707249 - 12 Aug 20 21:22
what time does the history suggest start vote ?
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User #7270493 - 13 Aug 20 16:41
Wait wait wait... Then how did Homer know all that stuff, since he clearly had a reliable source?
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User #3566601 - 12 Aug 20 17:50
I do not have Epic Games Store and Steam is refusing to release the Game until 2021...looks like I'm going to have to wait a year until I get my hands on it.
When a Game is Too Long - Respecting a Player's Time - Extra Credits
When a Game is Too Long - Respecting a Player's Time - Extra Creditsmore_vert
2020-08-11T17:30:01+00:00
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When a Game is Too Long - Respecting a Player's Time - Extra Credits 2020-08-11T17:30:01+00:00close

If you ever need a masterclass on how to design open worlds with stuff that should be grind quests but feel fantastic: Yakuza 0


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When a Game is Too Long - Respecting the Player's Time - Extra Credits

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With games that continue to expand into vast open worlds and the number of hours a game takes to complete goes up and up and up, we have to ask ourselves: is this game really worth my time? Is this 90 hours of engaging material? Or is it 5 hrs of engagement stretched over 90? How do you design around potential grind fests, even when you're working in a genre that needs them so the player doesn't burn through new content, like MMOs? Even small changes to game design choices and UI design can save players some time and prevent people from burning out. Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Chat and play games with us on Twitch http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS ♪ Credits Music: "Popsicle" by James Wong https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR03470

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User #2461739 - 12 Aug 20 17:33
The problem with open world games like Skyrim (other than that when the game world is too big, a lot of the contents end up being pretty shallow and forgettable) is that they add this huge overworld, to borrow an old term, and then they don't really fill it with anything. You'll have some encounters with bandits, an NPC who gives you a generic quest, or some backwater town or copy-pasted dungeon, and you might see some pretty sights along the way, but the travel itself is really just busywork. I wish these games had more survival aspects, something to do and challenge yourself with while you were out in the wilderness. Also make terrain features more than an obstacle or a backdrop. For example, I loved how you can climb cliffs in Breath of the Wild, giving you a challenge and also making mountain sides an actual part of gameplay.
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User #676696 - 13 Aug 20 01:57
I've happily put thousands of hours into Sid Meier's Civilization 5 and 6, and the only little bits that drag are when the rest of the game is going so well, I simply hit my space bar for many units that now have nothing to do. But those are split seconds, during which I get to hop around the map, always a visual treat. The design does allow me to streamline anything that doesn't really matter to me. Thanks for this look at thoughtful design. I'll apply it to creating comic strips, that I hope will get to the points, always in interesting ways.
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User #580412 - 12 Aug 20 11:18
I think a lot of AAA game publishers and developers need to hear this talk because the only thing they care about is monetary acquisition.
Rome & The Third Century Crisis - Taking A Stab At It - Extra History - #1
Rome & The Third Century Crisis - Taking A Stab At It - Extra History - #1more_vert
2020-08-07T17:31:00+00:00
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What weirdly gruesome way to die during an unsuccessful rule of Rome is your favorite?


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Rome & The Third Century Crisis - Taking A Stab At It - Extra History - #1

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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon The Third Century Crisis has it all. Assassinations, plotting, uprisings by the people, military, and nobles alike. Burning and looting. And a year where there were 6 emperors all at the same time. We will be covering Aurelian and Diocletian, we promise. But first we need to set up the backstory for how these two managed to staple the Roman empire back together. And we'll cover the 14 emperors leading up to Aurelian. One whose death might seem... familiar. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Hold the Phalanx!" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #7526024 - 7 Aug 20 18:01
I liked the song, but wished the emperors names were included in the song so I knew who was who.
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User #2430135 - 7 Aug 20 18:25
It was a fun song, and I enjoyed it, but I wholeheartedly agree that I wish names had been included. Hopefully they'll get talked about in the Lies episode.
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User #33881337 - 7 Aug 20 19:47
Same
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User #3566601 - 7 Aug 20 17:40
Anyone up for a Game of Total War: Rome II: Empire Divided now? P.S: I thought it was going to be Diocletian after the Pacific Exploration?
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User #3566601 - 7 Aug 20 17:50
More alternate history time! I'm still working on the Magellan thing I was posting up on here and will probably put it on the Patron ~ only posts when it's done. 180 17th March In the Roman Empire, Caesar Marcus Aurelius Passes away at the Age of 58 in the City of Sirmium, Province of Pannonia Inferior, from Smallpox. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as the Model Ruler, Unmatched by most Men in his Wisdom, Justice and self ~ Control. His Example will be used to Motivate and to Justify a Great many Civic Reforms as Future Rulers of Rome Seek Comparison with him and a Revival of his Wise Leadership. 6th July In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Son of Marcus Aurelius, Gaius Aurelius Sulla, is Crowned as Caesar of Rome after an Appropriate Period of Mourning. On the Day of Sulla’s Coronation, the Sky over Rome ~ and most of the World ~ turns an Eerie Red hue. The Natural Cause of this Phenomenon is the Eruption of Volcanic Vents underneath a Lake on the other side of the World ~ the largest Geological Event for Centuries ~ but its Interpretation as a Bloody Omen from the Gods is all that can be Known in this Time and Place. 198 In the Roman Empire, Caesar Sulla I Personally Leads Three Legions across the Border and into Caledonia without Local Knowledge. He Selects Villages not far from the North Side of Hadrian’s Wall to be Surrounded and their Entire Populations Slaughtered. 228 1st January 1st January In the Roman Empire, while Addressing the Senate of Rome, Caesar Sulla “the Great” Collapses mid Speech. Doctors are Summoned but, Alas, the Stroke he seems to have Suffered, Despite his Apparent good Health, is Incurable, beyond the Knowledge of even Rome’s best Doctors. He will be Remembered by both Future Historians and by his Contemporaries as Rome’s finest Caesar, who Guided Rome from a Kingdom of Silver to One of Gold, in the Words of the later Romano-Greek Historian and Statesman Cassius Dio. His Statue will stand, alongside those of other Roman Caesars along the Via Augusta in the Centre of the City of Rome, as well as the Colossus of Sulla, itself Modelled after the Colossus of Rhodes. His Brutal Conquest of Caledonia, as well as his almost One ~ sided Counter ~ Attack against Parthia, will Earn him a Reputation as One of Rome’s most Famous and Skilled Generals, a Place he will share with Illustrious Names like Julius Caesar, Scipio Africanus, Germanicus, Cruuxius Tiberius Carico, and, in later Centuries, and Constantine the Great. 270 In the Roman Empire, the Adopted Successor of the Late Caesar Publius Septimius Marcianus, Lucius Domitius Aurelianus, himself a Popular Military Leader, is Proclaimed Caesar of Rome by the Imperial Senate. 275 25th September In the Roman Empire, Caesar Aurelian is Murdered by the Praetorian Guard near the City of Byzantium, Thrace. He will be Remembered by Future Historians as One of Rome’s shortest Reigning, but most Significant Caesars, Breathing new Life into a Dying Empire and Reunifying Rome under One Ruler Following the Crisis of The Third Century, Saving Rome from what had seemed almost Certain Collapse. Aurelian will also be Remembered as a Religious Reformer, Reinforcing the Cult of Sol Invictus as the Main Divinity of the Roman Pantheon at a Time when many Romans were losing their Faith in the Traditional Greco-Roman Gods. Many will Speculate that, without Aurelian, the Empire might never have Survived the Invasions and Fragmentations which Occurred during the Decade during which he Reigned. 20th November In the Roman Empire, the Army, Remorseful at the Effects of the Previous Century’s Military License, which has Resulted in the Murder of a Popular Emperor, Relinquishes its Right of choosing his Successor to the Senate. Initially, the Senate is Hesitant to Accept the Responsibility but, as the Delay Drags on from Aurelian’s Death, the Senate Resolves to Settle the Matter and Offers the Throne to the Adopted Son of the Late Caesar, Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus, a 30 ~ Year ~ old Cavalry Commander from the Saxon Wars. Before his Election, Diocletian had been Living in Nicomedia, Bythinia et Pontus, and only Reluctantly Returns on the Invitation of the Assembly of the Senate in Rome, where he is Invested with Imperial Regalia. Diocletian Immediately asks the Senators to Deify Aurelian before Arresting and Executing Aurelian’s Murderers. 285 21st July In the Roman Empire, the Murder of Aurelian had Demonstrated how Dangerous Sole Rule is to the Stability of the Empire. War is Brewing in the Border Provinces, from Britannia through to Cappadocia, and it is too much for One Man to Control. In Mediolanum, Caesar Diocletian Raises his Fellow Officer, Maximian, to the Rank of Caesar, making him Co ~ Emperor. The Concept of Dual Rulership is nothing new to the Roman Empire. Long ago, Augustus had Shared his Power with his Colleagues, and the more Formal Office of Co ~ Emperor has Existed since the Time of Marcus Aurelius onwards.
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User #25690125 - 11 Aug 20 20:44
It was Walpole!
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User #13015132 - 8 Aug 20 19:45
Ha - great to see you guys are covering this as well!
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User #9974172 - 7 Aug 20 18:11
This is now my favorite song in the "upbeat jingles about death in the ancient world" genre.
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User #676696 - 13 Aug 20 22:49
Love the song. Too bad Rome was set so much on empire, instead of just connecting states with roads.
Exploring the Pacific - LIES - Extra History
Exploring the Pacific - LIES - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-07-31T17:31:00+00:00
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Recommended Reading

On the Road of the Winds by Patrick Vinton Kirch

Sea People: The Puzzle of Polynesia by Christina Thompson

The Polynesian Voyaging Society website


So I made a huge mistake this series as well and that was not posting the google sheet to gather patron questions for the Lies episode while the series was airing! I'm sorry, things have been difficult where I'm living and unfortunately, it slipped my attention. If you have specific questions about the Exploring the Pacific series, please comment them below and I'll get them to Rob to answer. Thank you for your patience! - Arthur


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Welcome Extra Historians to Lies, where we talk about the mistakes we made and the details we couldn't quite squeeze into the episode proper. There were a few hiccups in this series, like Taiwan becoming Japan, and New Zealand with a new origin story. But we also get to talk about the interesting differences between Polynesian cultures, such as cosmetic dental work and the famous unique tattoo art. If you want to check out our recommended reading, you can find it on our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/posts/dividing-middle-38168478?utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter&utm_campaign=postshare Timestamps! 0:00 - Intro 3:05 - Episode 1 9:04 - Episode 2 9:45 - Episode 3 18:45 - Episode 4 21:48 - Episode 5 24:41 - Coming Up Next 26:02 - Ibn Battuta Side Trip! Join us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Pasifika" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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https://youtu.be/wdj9cbkvHI4

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User #34624917 - 4 Aug 20 10:56
Do a video about the COVID-19 outbreak! pls
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User #3566601 - 7 Aug 20 16:40
That might be considered in rather poor taste.
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User #39707249 - 1 Aug 20 20:27
could you do a new south korean patriot hero . "thomas an jung geun " ? heres the link the man who he is. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Jung-geun
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User #9423422 - 31 Jul 20 21:52
I am happy to know that there is someone on EC's staff that will push Hawaiian and Pacific Island history content. I had always wondered why they did series on Kamehameha; now I know it's because we have a "man on the inside".
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User #3566601 - 31 Jul 20 17:40
Can someone remind me what extra credits said about the Red Baron after he lost the tie break to Cleopatra?
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User #3566601 - 31 Jul 20 17:50
In reply to FoxdocDylan, I assumed longer comments collapsed anyway as soon as they were posted? Also anybody know how many miles Cook travelled during his second voyage? 76 BC In the Japanese Empire, the new Japanese Emperor Sujin, who had taken Power after the Death of Emperor Koizumi, takes the Position of Attacking the Chinese from a new Angle. The Malays are a Group of Imperialistic Dreamers on the Island of Sumatra who had Originally Migrated down from Cambodia in Southeastern Asia. As soon as the Japanese have Occupied the Loosely Populated Philippine Islands, they start to Fund the Malays in their Attempts to Expand to the rest of Indonesia and South East Asia. In Exchange, the Japanese will Remain in a Sacrosanct Alliance and the Malays will never Enter into an Alliance with China. In the Sri Vijayan Empire, once the whole of Sumatra, with its heavy Trade Connections, has been Occupied, the new Leader of the Malays, Jayanasa, Declares himself the “Mahārāja” [“Great King” or “Emperor”] of a new Empire, and the Malays Announce their Intention to take the other Islands. The Sanskrit “Sri,” Meaning “Fortunate” or “Prosperous,” and “Vijaya,” Meaning “Victorious,” comes to be the Name of the new “Sri Vijayan Empire.” 1 BC 25th December In the Kingdom of Israel, a Son, Yeshua, is Born in the City of Bethlehem to Carpenter Joseph and his Betrothed, Mary. Later Legends will State that he was Born in a Stable, as there was no Place for them at the Inn, and that a Bright Star Appeared in the Sky above Bethlehem on the Night of his Birth. 50 AD In the Principality of Samoa, a Samoan Crew Exploring the Marquesas Islands Discover Mesoamerican Castaways who Introduce a Suite of Mesoamerican Plants to Oceania: Sweet Potatoes, Cassava, Squash, Beans, Maize, and Chili. These Plants are all brought Back to Samoa where they Cause an Agricultural Revolution that Diversifies not only the Polynesian Diet but also Produce a huge Ammount of Calories for far less Labour than the Traditional Crop Package of Taro and Yam. The Resulting Growth in the Population, and Free Time, Encourages the Polynesian Tradition of Exploratory Voyages which, in Turn, Speeds up the Polynesian Expansion. 90 AD In the Chinese Empire, the Monsoon, a Series of Winds that bring in Moist Clouds which Drench the Areas of India and Southeast Asia in Rain during the Summer do not Arrive in Southeast Asia and the Peoples of Cambodia and China fall into Famine. 700 In the Middle East, a Period of Relative Peace begins as the Umayyad Caliphs, now Based in Damascus, Consolidate their new Lands. In the Conquered Regions, Non ~ Muslims are Treated somewhat Leniently, being Allowed to continue and Practice their Own Religions as long as they Pay a Special Tax. Most People in the Conquered Regions Convert to Islam rather than Pay the Tax. The Jews in Israel Province are a Major Exception, however, and there are other Groups Scattered throughout the Caliphate that do not Convert. [Christians and Zoroastrians Living in Mesopotamia and Persia, for Example.] 740 The Umayyad Caliphate Invades the Indian Subcontinent. 780 By this Time, the Umayyad Caliphate has Overrun Northern India, Pushing its Borders to the Line of the Jaxartes River, the Hindu Kush Mountains, and the Himalayas. This will Mark the Furthest Point of Islamic Expansion Eastwards, as the Formidable Terrain Barriers in the South, as well as the Fierce Nomadic Tribes of the North Halt the Arabian Drive Eastwards. 800 In the Pacific Ocean, the Booming Population of Polynesia have by now Reached the farthest Edges of the “Polynesian Triangle,” ~ New Zealand and Easter Island. These will Represent the Eastern and Western Limits of the Polynesian Range. Although a few Explorers will Venture out beyond these Islands, no Permanent Polynesian Settlements will Survive outside of the Triangular Borders they will Mark with Hawai’i. The Lapitan Polynesians, for Example, are Driven from their Homeland after the Native Lapitans lose too many of their Taro Harvest to the Pigs and Band together to Repulse the Foreigners. The Polynesians Move West until they find a new Land: Alawaland [OTL Australia] They Land in the Subtropical Coast, taking over Seasonally Uninhabited Land where the Lapita Hope they will be Safe. In the Kingdom of Keita, Ironically, the Polynesians themselves Literally Seeded the Acceptance of Pigs into the Keitan Landscape before they Left. Their Cassavas are now Established on the Island, and over the next few Centuries, they will Edge out Taro as the Crop of choice. The Fact that Cassava is much less Labour Intensive than the Taro means that, once it becomes a Staple Crop, the Lapita saw Pigs as a much better Investment. It would be much Easier to Create an Excess Harvest to Feed them, and if the Pigs Destroy a Cassava Patch, then it is not too much Effort to Grow more. In the Khmer Empire, a Mass Migration of Indian Hindus and Buddhists to the Myriad of Hindu Kingdoms and the Islands of the Sri Vijayan Archipelago in Southeast Asia Occurs in the Aftermath of the Umayyad Caliphate’s Invasion of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism had been Introduced Centuries ago, so these People are Absorbed by the Various Kingdoms and Island Nations of the Region with no Major Disruption of the Historical Developments that happened there OTL. The Main Difference is that, Strengthened by Millennia of Egyptian and Chinese Trade, and this boost in Population, the Hindu Kingdoms there will be Able to better Resist Muslim Encroachment and Islam will never Gain a Foothold in the Region. 1204 13th April In the Byzantine Empire, with nothing left to lose, the Crusaders Assault Constantinople itself, Burning and Plundering the City for Three Days. Forces from Venice Rip the Famous Bronze Horses from the Hippodrome and Carry them Back to Venice to Adorn the Façade of Saint Mark’s Basilica. Even the Tombs of the Emperors Resting in the Church of The Holy Apostles are Systematically Plundered by the Crusader Army, and the very Altars of the Churches are Smashed and torn to Pieces for their Gold and Marble by the Warriors. The Civilian Population of Constantinople are also Subject to the Crusaders’ Ruthless Lust for Spoils and Glory; Thousands are Killed in cold Blood, and Women, Including Nuns, are Raped by the Crusader Army. Basileus Alexios V Doukas, Accompanied by Basilissa Eudokia Angelina and her Family, Flee the City and Escape to Mosynopolis on Board a Fishing Boat. 1208 25th September In the Papal Kingdom, in a Grand Announcement, Pope-King Heraclius II Declares another Crusade against the Abbasid Caliphate. The Christian Lords are Gathering from all across Europe to bring the Abbasid Caliphate into the Fold of the Christian Kingdoms and out of the Infidel Lands. The Abbasid Caliphate has long been under the Tyrannical Rule of the Islamic Infidel Al-Nasir, but with the upcoming Christian Onslaught, it is only a Matter of Time before he will Fall. God will Grant a Remission of Sin to anyone Participating in this Righteous War. 1213 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, a Nation highly Dependent on International Trade Wealth, is not Able to send its Ships through the Red Sea or the newly re ~ opened Suez Canal that lets Boats continue to the Mediterranean Sea and, hence, to Europe. The Non ~ stop Wars between the Powers in that Region have deeply Hurt the International Trade Situation, which had Flourished before the Break up of China. It is because of this Situation and its bad Effects for Sri Vijaya that Sri Vijaya begins to send out Missions of Exploration to try and Discover an Alternative Route to Europe. In the Kingdom of Madagascar, the Sri Vijayan Explorers come upon Madagascar, Landing in the Northernmost State of Antsiranana, which has Fallen on Hard Times since the Collapse of the Kingdom. The Legacy of the Satavahana can be seen in the Crumbling Buildings and in the large Ports which are now Shadows of their Former Selves. In Antsiranana, a Growing Alliance of Northern City-States has Provided some Semblance of Law and Order, and Minimal Trade with each other, but the Jungles have made the Central Portion of the Island difficult to Navigate since they have taken the Roads again. On Board the Ship is a Native Barito Speaker from Borneo. This Man, upon Hearing the Natives of Madagascar, is Able to Understand most of what they say. This Discovery Facilitates Communication and Instantly brings the Two Disparate Communities together, and the Sri Vijayans Learn of the Satavahana Kingdom’s Fate. When the Sri Vijayans Ask King Andry of Antsiranana if the City-States of Madagascar would like to become a Sri Vijayan Colony, King Andry of Antsiranana Speaks of the Fiercely Independent Spirit of many of the Leaders of Madagascar, who will React Violently if the Seek to change the Government and Remove the Leaders, but otherwise King Andry Believes that most of the City-States will Invite the Sri Vijayans since they are Known to be Wealthy and have a Strong Trading Network. 1235 In the Emirate of Granada, Sri Vijayan Sailors Sail Right around the West Coast of Africa and Enter the Mediterranean Sea through the Strait of Gibraltar. Sri Vijaya starts a strong Trading Relationship with Portugal, France, and Norman England, among other European Kingdoms. 1400 By this Time, the Chinese Empire has been Extending its Power out to Sea for the last 300 Years. To Satisfy ever Growing Demand for special Spices, Medicinal Herbs, and Raw Materials, Chinese Merchants have Developed a Rich Trading Network Extending from the Islands of Southeast Asia to the Fringes of the Indian Ocean. Yet, Despite the Fact that their Ships have been Trading in the same Region for Several Centuries, Egypt and China have had no Direct Contact. No Egyptian Ship has Travelled as far as China, and no Chinese Ship has Paid a call on an Egyptian Port. This is about to change. By the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, China has reached a Peak of Naval Technology Unsurpassed [at least for now] anywhere in the World. Using many Technologies of Chinese Invention, Chinese Shipwrights have also Combined Technologies they have Borrowed and Adapted from the Seafarers of Sri Vijaya and Japan. Advances such as Double ~ Hulled Ships Divided into Separate Watertight Compartments, the Sternpost Rudder, Lanteen Sails, and the Magnetic Compass, have Combined to Produce Ships far Superior to anything in Europe or Asia. Both the Song Dynasty, and their Successor, the Mongol Yuan Dynasty, Encouraged Commercial Activity and Maritime Trade, so the Succeding Ming Dynasty Inherits large Shipyards, many Skilled Shipwrights, and Finely Tuned Naval Technology from the Dynasty that Preceded it. 1403 In the Chinese Empire, the new Ming Emperor, Huangdi Zhu Di, Known to History as the Yongle Emperor, wanting to Impress China’s Power upon the World, as well as Show off China’s Resources and Importance, Orders the Construction of Special “Treasure Ships,” Ships over 400 Foot long, 160 Foot wide, with Nine Masts, Twelve Sails, and Four Decks, each large enough to Carry 2,500 Tons of Cargo, each Armed with Dozens of small Cannons. Accompanying those Ships will be Hundreds of smaller Vessels, some Filled only with Water, others carrying Troops, or Horses, or Cannons, still others with Gifts of Silk and Brocades, Porcelain, Lacquerware, Tea, and Ironworks that will Impress the Rulers of far ~ Flung Civilizations. The Yongle Emperor Selects Zheng He, a Muslim Eunuch, to Command this Fleet of Exploration. 1405 11th July In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He’s Treasure Fleet of 317 Ships stops in Champa, the Khmer Empire, and then on to the Islands of Sri Vijaya, to Points along the Strait of Malacca before Proceeding to its Main Destination of Kozhikode, in the Empire of Vijayanagara in Southern India. 1407 In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes 68 Ships to the Court of Vijayanagara to Attend the Coronation of a new King. 1409 In the Kingdom of Sri Lanka, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet, with 48 large Ships and 30,000 Troops, Visiting many of the same Sites as well as Malacca City on the Malay Peninsula and the Kingdom of Sri Lanka. 1413 In the Persian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet of 63 Ships and over 28,000 Men to many of the same Sites as well as the Strait of Hormuz on the Persian Gulf. 1417 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet further than ever before, First to the Port of Aden along the Red Sea and then on to the East Coast of Africa, stopping off in the Egyptian Port City of Mogadishu, Puntland. Egyptian Officials Invite Zheng He to Visit the Pharaoh in his Capital City at Sais, and Zheng He Accepts. 1420 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He and the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet Sail through the Suez Canal and into the River Nile, Arriving in Sais. He is very Interested to Discover that Egypt Boasts a far older than that of his Own Empire, a Fact that is Reinforced after Pharaoh Psamtik XVI takes the Chinese Admiral for a Tour down the River Nile on the Royal Barge, Showing him the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Great Sphinx, and the Ruined Temple Complexes at Karnak and Abu Simbel, among other things, all of which Impress him Mightily. The Pharaoh, for his Part, is Impressed with the huge Chinese Ships and Especially with the large Number of fine Porcelain and Silks that Zheng He’s Fleet have brought with them. Both Items have been Available for Centuries in Limited Numbers, via Trade with Chinese Merchants in India, or via a Dangerous Overland Route Known as “the Silk Road,” but now the Dazzling Opportunity for large ~ Scale Import Presents itself, and the Pharaoh is very Desirous of Establishing Formal Relations, Including Trade. Therefore, when Zheng He Returns to China, he brings with him an Ambassador from Egypt. It will be the beginning of a long and Mutually Profitable Relationship between the Two Powers. 1450 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, the Great Age of Sri Vijayan Sailing is Drawing to its Close. The larger Populations that the American Crops have Created have Caused a Shortage of Wood in some Places. As a Direct Consequence of Building the Great Chinese ~ Style Junks that the Sri Vijayans need for Travelling the Oceans is often seen as a Waste of Resources. The Sri Vijayans have Sailed as far as is Humanly Possible with the Technology they Currently have, and the Islands of their Archipelago are well Populated. There is no more Virgin Land for them to Sail and Trade over Thousands of Miles for Tools and Slaves is just not Worth it. Sri Vijaya itself Remains an Ocean ~ going Empire and continue to Sail for vast Distances ~ Persian Shahs still Dine on Sri Vijayan Cuisine, Arabian Women still Regularly Scent themselves with Sri Vijayan Perfumes, and European Kings are still Prepared to Pay Jaw ~ Dropping Prices for the latest Oriental Fashions [much to the Disgust of the Religious Authorities] but these Voyages are now the Exception rather than a way of Life. 1519 20th September In the Kingdom of Spain, the Portuguese Explorer Ferdinand Magellan sets Sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Southern Spain, with Five Ships and 270 Men, most of whom are from Spain, to find a Western Route to the Maluku Islands in Sri Vijaya and Trade for Spices. In the Kingdom of Spain, Ferdinand Magellan’s Expedition Lands in the Spanish ~ Owned Canary Islands to stop for Supplies, as they are Cheaper there than they are in Europe. During the stop, Magellan Receives a Secret Letter from his Father-in-Law, Duarte Barbosa, saying that a Group of his Castillian Officers are Planning a Mutiny and Names Juan de Cartagena [the Captain of the San Antonio] as the Principal Conspirator. Magellan also Learns that the King of Portugal, Sigismund I, has sent a Fleet of Two Caravels to Arrest him. In Portuguese Brazil, during the Ocean Crossing, the Victoria’s Boatswain, Antonio Salamon, is Caught in an Act of Sodomy with a Cabin Boy, Antonio Ginoves. At this Time, Homosexuality is an Offence Punishable by Death in Spain, though, in Practice, Sex between Men is a very Common Occurrence during long Ocean Voyages. Magellan holds a Trial on Board the Trinidad and Salamon is found Guilty and Sentenced to be Executed by Strangling when the Fleet Arrives in Rio de Janeiro. The Fate of Ginovés will Remain unclear; he is either Thrown Overboard or the Taunting of his Fellow Sailors becomes so bad that he Commits Suicide by Jumping Overboard in Despair. 1728 In the Russian Empire, Russian Explorer Vitus Bering Discover the Bering Strait, which he Names the Strait of Saint Nicholas. 1772 13th July In the Kingdom of Great Britain, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook sets Sail from Plymouth with Three Ships on a Voyage of Exploration to Prove the Existence of a large, Undiscovered Continent even further Southwards than New Zealand. 1773 17th January In the Antarctic Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook, on Board HMS Resolution, becomes the First European to Cross the Antarctic Circle. They Sail within 120 km of the Antarctic Coastline before being Forced to turn Back by Ice Sheets. 11th August In the Pacific Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook, on Board HMS Resolution, Lands on Tekokota, which he Names Doubtful Island. 12th August In the Pacific Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook Discovers Marutea Nord, which he Names Furneaux Island. 1774 16th June In the Pacific Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook becomes the First European to Sight [and Name] Palmerston Island in the South Pacific Ocean. 4th September In the Pacific Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook becomes the First European to Sight [and Name] the Island of New Caledonia in Melanesia. 10th October In the Pacific Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook becomes the First European to Sight [and Name] Norfolk Island in the Pacific Ocean, Uninhabited at this Time. 1789 28th April In the Kingdom of Tonga, about 30 Nautical Miles South of the Pacific Island of Tofua, Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian and 18 Mutineers Seize Control of the British Royal Navy Ship HMS Bounty from their Captain, Lieutenant William Bligh, and Cast him Adrift in the Bounty’s Longboat with 18 of the 22 Sailors still Loyal to him. 24th July In the Sri Vijayan Empire, Survivors from the Mutiny on the HMS Bounty, Including Captain William Bligh and 18 others, Arrive at the Island of Timor after a nearly 4,000 Mile Journey in an open Boat. 1820 In the Japanese Empire, Recognising that he has no other Choice if Japan is to Remain Free of the European Powers, Shōgun Mōri Naritō very Reluctantly Orders a Belated Programme of Industrialisation and Westernisation to Secure its Extensive Coastline. 1850 12th December The Japanese Empire Declares itself to be at War against the Kingdom of France with the Hope of Capturing the French Loaisa Islands. 1852 31st March In the Japanese Empire, the Treaty of Peace and Amity is Signed in the City of Yokohama, Kanagawa Province, by Representatives of the Japanese Empire, the Kingdom of France, and the United Kingdoms of The Netherlands. Under the Terms of the Treaty, Japan will Hand the French Loaisa Islands Back to France, the Japanese Cities of Shimoda, Izu Province, and Hakodate, Hokkaido, will be Opened up to European Merchants, who will be Granted Complete Freedom of Movement by the Japanese Government. A French Consulate will be Built in Shimoda, Izu Province, and France will hold a Monopoly on all European Trade with Japan. The Japanese Islands of Okinawa will be Occupied by Luxembourgoise Troops for a Period of 20 Years to make sure Japan keeps to its Half of the Bargain. 1888 23rd July In the Korean Empire, a Rumour starts to Spread among the Korean Peasantry that American Missionaries are Stealing Babies and Boiling them down in Order to Produce the Chemicals needed for Photographic Plates. Anti-Foreigner Riots Engulf many of Korea’s Cities, while, out in the Countryside, the Focus quickly Shifts to Targeting Landowners, Civil Servants, and the Army. At First, Local Troops are used to Quell the Uprising, but, as the Fighting Spreads, Empress Myeongseong very Reluctantly Authorises the Secret Deployment of the Chinese Soldiers already in the Country. 1st August In the Japanese Empire, News of the use of Units from the Chinese Army soon Reach the Ears of the Pro ~ Japanese Korean Revolutionary, Kim Ok-gyun, who has been Living in Exile in Tokyo ever since his Coup Attempt in 1884, and Maintains many Contacts among Reformers in his Home Country. Kim, Realising the Implications of the Deployment, quickly Passes the Information on to his Japanese Allies. The Japanese Accuse the Chinese of Violating the Convention of Tianjin and Announce that they will send their Own Expeditionary Force. By this Point, a War between Japan and China is Inevitable. 5th September In the Korean Empire, Japanese Troops Land, Arrest the Korean Emperor, Occupy the Royal Palace, and Replace the Existing Government with Prominent Members of the Pro ~ Japanese Faction. The First Sino ~ Japanese War has begun. 1891 15th June The Democratic State of Taiwan is a Strange Construction; a State run by Chinese Officials who never wanted to be Independent, Surrounded by Predatory Powers, but Forbidden by Treaty to Rejoin with China, the only Nation it feels any Love for. Only Pressure from the French and the Russians has Prevented Japan from Annexing Taiwan and, while the Treaty of Iizuka had Designated the new Republic as a Neutral “Buffer Zone” between China and Japan, in Reality this is a Ruse for a continued French Interest on the Island. As a Result, the Years after the First Sino-Japanese War are a Power Struggle between Liu Mingchuan, the Former Chinese Governor of the Island and President of Taiwan, the French Ambassador, Charles-Marie Le Myre de Vilers, and his Japanese Counterpart, Miura Gorō. Matters come to a Head when an Unknown Anarchist throws a Bomb at President Liu; the President is only slightly Injured but the Attack Incites Anti ~ Foreigner Riots throughout Northern Taiwan; that Evening in Tamsui, a Party of Sailors from the Visiting French Battleship La Galissonnière are Attacked by a Taiwanese Mob, and, in the Ensuing Drunken Brawl, Three of the Sailors are Killed. The Incident Provides the French with the Perfect Opportunity to Escalate the Situation. Ambassador Le Myre de Vilers Wires Quai d'Orsay, who, in Turn, Issue an Ultimatum Demanding that Taiwan Pay Massive Reparations for the Injured Sailors and to the Relatives of the Deceased, or Face War. 9th July In the Democratic State of Taiwan, a French Naval Squadron Sails into Keelung and Tamsui and takes up Positions. All Pretense of a French Settlement is Dropped and Ambassador Le Myre de Vilers Demands the full Annexation of Taiwan into the Kingdom of France. President Liu has spent the Remainder of June Desperately Requesting Support from the Japanese, but, Despite being Furious over the French Actions, Ambassador Gorō Replies that Tokyo cannot Intervene and Risk War against the Superior French Fleet. 1st August In the German Empire, the Taiwanese Crisis Proves to be the Trigger for the Final Act between Friedrich Naumann and his new Kaiser. Despite their Earlier Clashes over Foreign Policy, the Imperial Chancellor has Briefly made himself Untouchable by his Triumph over the Anglo-German Alliance in April, however the Kaiser is still Determined to bring his Chancellor to Heel, and the Final Disintegration of France’s long ~ Standing Diplomatic Isolationism gives Wilhelm II most of the Ammunition that he needs. The Kaiser is Outraged by the French Landings in Taiwan and the Subsequent Japanese Humiliation, although this may be more through his Love of Gilbert and Sullivan’s Comic Opera, The Mikado rather than any Strategic Concern. Wilhelm II’s Romantic Opinions about the Japanese Inevitably Clash with his Chancellor’s Intentions, which are to lend his Tacit Support to the French as a Means of Fostering good Relations with the Russians and Encouraging Saint Petersburg to Focus on Asia rather than Closer to Home. For once, Naumann finds himself on the wrong Side of the German Press and Isolated. When, in Early August, Naumann Misjudges the Situation and Tenders his Resignation, the Kaiser Calls his Bluff and Shocks the Entire Country by Accepting and Replacing him with Count Leo von Caprivi.
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User #19655271 - 31 Jul 20 18:02
Here you go: https://www.patreon.com/posts/37480456 And unfortunately, no - longer comments do not auto-collapse. Rather, posts with a high volume of comments autocollapse so only the two most recent direct comments are displayed regardless of length. Thanks for doing this, by the way, it really helps a lot. ^w^
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User #15335574 - 31 Jul 20 22:03
Could you comment some about the current state of the Polynesian and co. cultures and populations?
The Trojan War - History vs. Myth - Extra History - #1
The Trojan War - History vs. Myth - Extra History - #1more_vert
2020-07-29T17:01:02+00:00
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So fun fact about this series: because of some delays on the game, we've actually had this episode ready to go for a while and it is complete & utter coincidence that we get to air it at the end of our myth series on the Iliad.

Because of that, some of the beginning material might be a bit... familiar. If you wanna skip directly to just the facts and archaeology and DIRT, you can skip to 4:28


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Thanks to Creative Assembly for sponsoring this series! If you would like to try your hand at conquering the Trojan city, or defending its walls, check out Total War Saga: Troy at the link here: https://bit.ly/EHTroy On Extra Mythology we've been covering the myth of the Trojan War recorded in the Iliad, but that's all it is right? There's no way a massive war like that was actually fought. Well... yes and no. The Trojan War might not have unfolded the way Homer's muses sing, BUT there was a real, historical Troy! How exactly did we find it? That's a story in and of itself and it all begins with a man named Schliemann. It was cosmic coincidence that this video is airing right after our series on the Iliad, so the beginning material might be a bit familiar. So we'll cut up the video into: 00:00 The Trojan War Myth 04:27 Uncovering Historical Troy Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History - Odds and Ends" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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Comments (4)
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User #61871 - 31 Jul 20 22:40
Wow, that's up there with the Spanish literally throwing away tons of platinum on their quest for El Dorado.
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User #19655271 - 29 Jul 20 17:38
I’m not sure whether the “Agamememnon” at 5:36 is a typo or a joke on the word “meme” 😃
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User #39258164 - 29 Jul 20 17:17
:)
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User #3566601 - 31 Jul 20 09:55
Archaeology with Dynamite? I suspect Indiana Jones wouldn't have approved.
July Topic Results!
July Topic Results!more_vert
2020-07-28T18:18:22+00:00
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Whew, no tie this time. Though it looked like it might have been another Baron & Cleopatra situation, eventually the Samurai just managed to slip by the Thirty Years War by 6 votes.


Thank you for voting!


Current Schedule: Third Century Crisis -> Cleopatra -> The End of the Samurai


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Comments (16)
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User #3347538 - 29 Jul 20 16:35
Personally I wanted to see the Taiping Rebellion, but oh well next time. I look forward to the next series. :)
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User #26717586 - 28 Jul 20 20:00
Admiral Yi was Korean. There is already so much out there on the Maji Restoration. It doesn't need to be covered by Extra History who I value primarily for their focus on History much overlooked by American and British Historians. There are plenty of other channels out there to pander those weeaboo freaks.
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User #19655271 - 28 Jul 20 20:18
I’m aware of Yi’s nationality. The Imjin war was between Korea and Japan.
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User #19655271 - 28 Jul 20 20:19
And again, insulting people just because your chosen option didn’t win is not cool.
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User #33881337 - 28 Jul 20 22:35
True I chose The war of 1812 and the Aztecs and it didn’t make it but I don’t care As long as their is a new series to learn
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User #33881337 - 28 Jul 20 22:35
Something new
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User #937506 - 29 Jul 20 00:16 - revision 3
Dude, chill out. I'd have especially liked to see them tackle the Thirty Years War (here we have the bloody, troubled birth of the nation-state and the most complete argument against any violation of the establishment clause so slight as the seemingly innocent term "Christian:" a zealot with access to the power of the purse will quickly come to the conclusion that the other guys aren't included in the definition) but "weeaboo freaks" is a bizarrely intense and personal overreaction. People are fascinated with the samurai and by the Japanese culture for good reason. a shamisen tune over Autumn leaves falling sword finds destiny
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User #937506 - 29 Jul 20 00:16 - revision 2
Dude, chill out. I'd have especially liked to see them tackle the Thirty Years War (here we have the bloody, troubled birth of the nation-state and the most complete argument against any violation of the establishment clause so slight as the seemingly innocent term "Christian:" a zealot with access to the power of the purse will quickly come to the conclusion that the other guys aren't included in the definition) but "weeaboo freaks" is a bizarrely intense and personal overreaction. People are fascinated with the samurai and by the Japanese culture for good reason. a shamisen tune over Autumn leaves falling sword finds destiny
user avatar
User #937506 - 29 Jul 20 00:16 - revision 5
Dude, chill out. I'd have especially liked to see them tackle the Thirty Years War (here we have the bloody, troubled birth of the nation-state and the most complete argument against any violation of the establishment clause so slight as the seemingly innocent term "Christian:" a zealot with access to the power of the purse will quickly come to the conclusion that the other guys aren't included in the definition) but "weeaboo freaks" is a bizarrely intense and personal overreaction. People are fascinated with the samurai and by the Japanese culture for good reason. a shamisen tune over Autumn leaves falling sword finds destiny
user avatar
User #937506 - 29 Jul 20 00:16
Dude, chill out. I'd have especially liked to see them tackle the Thirty Years War but "weeaboo freaks" is a bizarrely intense and personal overreaction. People are fascinated with the samurai and by the Japanese culture for good reason. a shamisen tune over Autumn leaves falling sword finds destiny
user avatar
User #937506 - 29 Jul 20 00:16 - revision 4
Dude, chill out. I'd have especially liked to see them tackle the Thirty Years War (here we have the bloody, troubled birth of the nation-state and the most complete argument against any violation of the establishment clause so slight as the seemingly innocent term "Christian:" a zealot with access to the power of the purse will quickly come to the conclusion that the other guys aren't included in the definition) but "weeaboo freaks" is a bizarrely intense and personal overreaction. People are fascinated with the samurai and by the Japanese culture for good reason. a shamisen tune over Autumn leaves falling sword finds destiny
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User #3566601 - 29 Jul 20 19:00
Well ~ covered topics have just as much right to be featured on this channel...oh, and one more thing ~ derogatory slang is not tolerated here.
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User #26717586 - 28 Jul 20 18:50
I'm getting dam bored of these weeaboo pricks ruining things for everyone else.
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User #19655271 - 28 Jul 20 19:38
Hey, I’m disappointed too but foul language and insults are entirely unnecessary.
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User #19655271 - 28 Jul 20 19:52
Additionally, the last time Extra History did a series focused on Japan was nearly two years ago. And that was the Battle of Saipan series, which was sponsored - the last time a Japan-related series was Patreon-voted was the Admiral Yi series about the Imjin War, FIVE years ago.
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ExtraCredits - 28 Jul 20 22:37
It's okay to be disappointed that your preference didn't win, but please respect that a lot of people were obviously excited to see a series on the Meiji Restoration (and we're really excited to write it) Please see our CoC: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con
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User #3566601 - 29 Jul 20 17:45
The chickens are curious as to why their will, which I seem to recall, was that the Aztecs get their well ~ earned series, was disobeyed.
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User #10268801 - 30 Jul 20 20:51
For those who voted for the Thirty Year’s War, Kings & Generals is running a series on that conflict now. They mostly cover the military side of things, not the political or religious aspects, but their work is fantastic.
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User #19655271 - 31 Jul 20 16:41
I will check that out, thank you!
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User #5049182 - 10 Aug 20 18:35
Oh you're covering Cleopatra? I'm excited!
The Iliad - End Game - Extra Mythology - #4
The Iliad - End Game - Extra Mythology - #4more_vert
2020-07-28T17:30:00+00:00
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Achilles had reason to be angry but uh. Yikes.


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So here we stand at the end, the Trojans have pushed back the Acheans. Achilles is nowhere to be seen and Agamemnon tries to find some way to convince him to join the battle. Zeus, tired of the gods ignoring the rule to not intervene, decides to let all the gods intervene. And as someone in Achilles' armor arrives on the battlefield, Hector will make a deadly decision. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #29003700 - 28 Jul 20 17:43
Oh no, not Achilles' hetero-life partner!
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User #279117 - 28 Jul 20 23:30
Sorry to see you guys (had to?) cut the ending, where Priam goes to the Achean camp to beg for his son's body back.
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User #2491627 - 28 Jul 20 21:45
Needs moar Ajax.
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User #3566601 - 29 Jul 20 19:10
What puzzles me is why Total War Saga: Troy is not coming out on Steam until 2021 rather than this year.
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User #31285692 - 2 Aug 20 07:21
I'm going to take a wild guess that Epic threw money at them.
The Affair of the Diamond Necklace - Marie Antoinette - Extra History
The Affair of the Diamond Necklace - Marie Antoinette - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-07-24T17:30:01+00:00
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It's been a while since we've had a good heist story.


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Marie Antoinette is famous for saying "Let them eat cake" (which she may or may not have said) but her bad reputation with the people of France went fairly deep. To the point she was blamed for an intricate heist to steal a diamond necklace... that she didn't actually ever want. That diamond necklace by the way? Worth 14 million dollars. Yeah. That's a lot of cake. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History - Odds and Ends" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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User #9221063 - 24 Jul 20 17:38
Her hair really was a boat
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User #3566601 - 24 Jul 20 17:55
The Three Musketeers really should've been referenced in here somewhere...either that or I've played more Europa Universalis IV than is good for me. 76 BC In the Japanese Empire, the new Japanese Emperor Sujin, who had taken Power after the Death of Emperor Koizumi, takes the Position of Attacking the Chinese from a new Angle. The Malays are a Group of Imperialistic Dreamers on the Island of Sumatra who had Originally Migrated down from Cambodia in Southeastern Asia. As soon as the Japanese have Occupied the Loosely Populated Philippine Islands, they start to Fund the Malays in their Attempts to Expand to the rest of Indonesia and South East Asia. In Exchange, the Japanese will Remain in a Sacrosanct Alliance and the Malays will never Enter into an Alliance with China. In the Sri Vijayan Empire, once the whole of Sumatra, with its heavy Trade Connections, has been Occupied, the new Leader of the Malays, Jayanasa, Declares himself the “Mahārāja” [“Great King” or “Emperor”] of a new Empire, and the Malays Announce their Intention to take the other Islands. The Sanskrit “Sri,” Meaning “Fortunate” or “Prosperous,” and “Vijaya,” Meaning “Victorious,” comes to be the Name of the new “Sri Vijayan Empire.” 50 AD In the Principality of Samoa, a Samoan Crew Exploring the Marquesas Islands Discover Mesoamerican Castaways who Introduce a Suite of Mesoamerican Plants to Oceania: Sweet Potatoes, Cassava, Squash, Beans, Maize, and Chili. These Plants are all brought Back to Samoa where they Cause an Agricultural Revolution that Diversifies not only the Polynesian Diet but also Produce a huge Ammount of Calories for far less Labour than the Traditional Crop Package of Taro and Yam. The Resulting Growth in the Population, and Free Time, Encourages the Polynesian Tradition of Exploratory Voyages which, in Turn, Speeds up the Polynesian Expansion. 90 AD In the Chinese Empire, the Monsoon, a Series of Winds that bring in Moist Clouds which Drench the Areas of India and Southeast Asia in Rain during the Summer do not Arrive in Southeast Asia and the Peoples of Cambodia and China fall into Famine. 700 In the Middle East, a Period of Relative Peace begins as the Umayyad Caliphs, now Based in Damascus, Consolidate their new Lands. In the Conquered Regions, Non ~ Muslims are Treated somewhat Leniently, being Allowed to continue and Practice their Own Religions as long as they Pay a Special Tax. Most People in the Conquered Regions Convert to Islam rather than Pay the Tax. The Jews in Israel Province are a Major Exception, however, and there are other Groups Scattered throughout the Caliphate that do not Convert. [Christians and Zoroastrians Living in Mesopotamia and Persia, for Example.] 740 The Umayyad Caliphate Invades the Indian Subcontinent. 780 By this Time, the Umayyad Caliphate has Overrun Northern India, Pushing its Borders to the Line of the Jaxartes River, the Hindu Kush Mountains, and the Himalayas. This will Mark the Furthest Point of Islamic Expansion Eastwards, as the Formidable Terrain Barriers in the South, as well as the Fierce Nomadic Tribes of the North Halt the Arabian Drive Eastwards. 800 In the Pacific Ocean, the Booming Population of Polynesia have by now Reached the farthest Edges of the “Polynesian Triangle,” ~ New Zealand and Easter Island. These will Represent the Eastern and Western Limits of the Polynesian Range. Although a few Explorers will Venture out beyond these Islands, no Permanent Polynesian Settlements will Survive outside of the Triangular Borders they will Mark with Hawai’i. The Lapitan Polynesians, for Example, are Driven from their Homeland after the Native Lapitans lose too many of their Taro Harvest to the Pigs and Band together to Repulse the Foreigners. The Polynesians Move West until they find a new Land: Alawaland [OTL Australia] They Land in the Subtropical Coast, taking over Seasonally Uninhabited Land where the Lapita Hope they will be Safe. In the Kingdom of Keita, Ironically, the Polynesians themselves Literally Seeded the Acceptance of Pigs into the Keitan Landscape before they Left. Their Cassavas are now Established on the Island, and over the next few Centuries, they will Edge out Taro as the Crop of choice. The Fact that Cassava is much less Labour Intensive than the Taro means that, once it becomes a Staple Crop, the Lapita saw Pigs as a much better Investment. It would be much Easier to Create an Excess Harvest to Feed them, and if the Pigs Destroy a Cassava Patch, then it is not too much Effort to Grow more. In the Khmer Empire, a Mass Migration of Indian Hindus and Buddhists to the Myriad of Hindu Kingdoms and the Islands of the Sri Vijayan Archipelago in Southeast Asia Occurs in the Aftermath of the Umayyad Caliphate’s Invasion of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism had been Introduced Centuries ago, so these People are Absorbed by the Various Kingdoms and Island Nations of the Region with no Major Disruption of the Historical Developments that happened there OTL. The Main Difference is that, Strengthened by Millennia of Egyptian and Chinese Trade, and this boost in Population, the Hindu Kingdoms there will be Able to better Resist Muslim Encroachment and Islam will never Gain a Foothold in the Region. 1204 13th April In the Byzantine Empire, with nothing left to lose, the Crusaders Assault Constantinople itself, Burning and Plundering the City for Three Days. Forces from Venice Rip the Famous Bronze Horses from the Hippodrome and Carry them Back to Venice to Adorn the Façade of Saint Mark’s Basilica. Even the Tombs of the Emperors Resting in the Church of The Holy Apostles are Systematically Plundered by the Crusader Army, and the very Altars of the Churches are Smashed and torn to Pieces for their Gold and Marble by the Warriors. The Civilian Population of Constantinople are also Subject to the Crusaders’ Ruthless Lust for Spoils and Glory; Thousands are Killed in cold Blood, and Women, Including Nuns, are Raped by the Crusader Army. Basileus Alexios V Doukas, Accompanied by Basilissa Eudokia Angelina and her Family, Flee the City and Escape to Mosynopolis on Board a Fishing Boat. 1208 25th September In the Papal Kingdom, in a Grand Announcement, Pope-King Heraclius II Declares another Crusade against the Abbasid Caliphate. The Christian Lords are Gathering from all across Europe to bring the Abbasid Caliphate into the Fold of the Christian Kingdoms and out of the Infidel Lands. The Abbasid Caliphate has long been under the Tyrannical Rule of the Islamic Infidel Al-Nasir, but with the upcoming Christian Onslaught, it is only a Matter of Time before he will Fall. God will Grant a Remission of Sin to anyone Participating in this Righteous War. 1213 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, a Nation highly Dependent on International Trade Wealth, is not Able to send its Ships through the Red Sea or the newly re ~ opened Suez Canal that lets Boats continue to the Mediterranean Sea and, hence, to Europe. The Non ~ stop Wars between the Powers in that Region have deeply Hurt the International Trade Situation, which had Flourished before the Break up of China. It is because of this Situation and its bad Effects for Sri Vijaya that Sri Vijaya begins to send out Missions of Exploration to try and Discover an Alternative Route to Europe. In the Kingdom of Madagascar, the Sri Vijayan Explorers come upon Madagascar, Landing in the Northernmost State of Antsiranana, which has Fallen on Hard Times since the Collapse of the Kingdom. The Legacy of the Satavahana can be seen in the Crumbling Buildings and in the large Ports which are now Shadows of their Former Selves. In Antsiranana, a Growing Alliance of Northern City-States has Provided some Semblance of Law and Order, and Minimal Trade with each other, but the Jungles have made the Central Portion of the Island difficult to Navigate since they have taken the Roads again. On Board the Ship is a Native Barito Speaker from Borneo. This Man, upon Hearing the Natives of Madagascar, is Able to Understand most of what they say. This Discovery Facilitates Communication and Instantly brings the Two Disparate Communities together, and the Sri Vijayans Learn of the Satavahana Kingdom’s Fate. When the Sri Vijayans Ask King Andry of Antsiranana if the City-States of Madagascar would like to become a Sri Vijayan Colony, King Andry of Antsiranana Speaks of the Fiercely Independent Spirit of many of the Leaders of Madagascar, who will React Violently if the Seek to change the Government and Remove the Leaders, but otherwise King Andry Believes that most of the City-States will Invite the Sri Vijayans since they are Known to be Wealthy and have a Strong Trading Network. 1235 In the Emirate of Granada, Sri Vijayan Sailors Sail Right around the West Coast of Africa and Enter the Mediterranean Sea through the Strait of Gibraltar. Sri Vijaya starts a strong Trading Relationship with Portugal, France, and Norman England, among other European Kingdoms. 1400 By this Time, the Chinese Empire has been Extending its Power out to Sea for the last 300 Years. To Satisfy ever Growing Demand for special Spices, Medicinal Herbs, and Raw Materials, Chinese Merchants have Developed a Rich Trading Network Extending from the Islands of Southeast Asia to the Fringes of the Indian Ocean. Yet, Despite the Fact that their Ships have been Trading in the same Region for Several Centuries, Egypt and China have had no Direct Contact. No Egyptian Ship has Travelled as far as China, and no Chinese Ship has Paid a call on an Egyptian Port. This is about to change. By the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, China has reached a Peak of Naval Technology Unsurpassed [at least for now] anywhere in the World. Using many Technologies of Chinese Invention, Chinese Shipwrights have also Combined Technologies they have Borrowed and Adapted from the Seafarers of Sri Vijaya and Japan. Advances such as Double ~ Hulled Ships Divided into Separate Watertight Compartments, the Sternpost Rudder, Lanteen Sails, and the Magnetic Compass, have Combined to Produce Ships far Superior to anything in Europe or Asia. Both the Song Dynasty, and their Successor, the Mongol Yuan Dynasty, Encouraged Commercial Activity and Maritime Trade, so the Succeding Ming Dynasty Inherits large Shipyards, many Skilled Shipwrights, and Finely Tuned Naval Technology from the Dynasty that Preceded it. 1403 In the Chinese Empire, the new Ming Emperor, Huangdi Zhu Di, Known to History as the Yongle Emperor, wanting to Impress China’s Power upon the World, as well as Show off China’s Resources and Importance, Orders the Construction of Special “Treasure Ships,” Ships over 400 Foot long, 160 Foot wide, with Nine Masts, Twelve Sails, and Four Decks, each large enough to Carry 2,500 Tons of Cargo, each Armed with Dozens of small Cannons. Accompanying those Ships will be Hundreds of smaller Vessels, some Filled only with Water, others carrying Troops, or Horses, or Cannons, still others with Gifts of Silk and Brocades, Porcelain, Lacquerware, Tea, and Ironworks that will Impress the Rulers of far ~ Flung Civilizations. The Yongle Emperor Selects Zheng He, a Muslim Eunuch, to Command this Fleet of Exploration. 1405 11th July In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He’s Treasure Fleet of 317 Ships stops in Champa, the Khmer Empire, and then on to the Islands of Sri Vijaya, to Points along the Strait of Malacca before Proceeding to its Main Destination of Kozhikode, in the Empire of Vijayanagara in Southern India. 1407 In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes 68 Ships to the Court of Vijayanagara to Attend the Coronation of a new King. 1409 In the Kingdom of Sri Lanka, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet, with 48 large Ships and 30,000 Troops, Visiting many of the same Sites as well as Malacca City on the Malay Peninsula and the Kingdom of Sri Lanka. 1413 In the Persian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet of 63 Ships and over 28,000 Men to many of the same Sites as well as the Strait of Hormuz on the Persian Gulf. 1417 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet further than ever before, First to the Port of Aden along the Red Sea and then on to the East Coast of Africa, stopping off in the Egyptian Port City of Mogadishu, Puntland. Egyptian Officials Invite Zheng He to Visit the Pharaoh in his Capital City at Sais, and Zheng He Accepts. 1420 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He and the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet Sail through the Suez Canal and into the River Nile, Arriving in Sais. He is very Interested to Discover that Egypt Boasts a far older than that of his Own Empire, a Fact that is Reinforced after Pharaoh Psamtik XVI takes the Chinese Admiral for a Tour down the River Nile on the Royal Barge, Showing him the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Great Sphinx, and the Ruined Temple Complexes at Karnak and Abu Simbel, among other things, all of which Impress him Mightily. The Pharaoh, for his Part, is Impressed with the huge Chinese Ships and Especially with the large Number of fine Porcelain and Silks that Zheng He’s Fleet have brought with them. Both Items have been Available for Centuries in Limited Numbers, via Trade with Chinese Merchants in India, or via a Dangerous Overland Route Known as “the Silk Road,” but now the Dazzling Opportunity for large ~ Scale Import Presents itself, and the Pharaoh is very Desirous of Establishing Formal Relations, Including Trade. Therefore, when Zheng He Returns to China, he brings with him an Ambassador from Egypt. It will be the beginning of a long and Mutually Profitable Relationship between the Two Powers. 1450 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, the Great Age of Sri Vijayan Sailing is Drawing to its Close. The larger Populations that the American Crops have Created have Caused a Shortage of Wood in some Places. As a Direct Consequence of Building the Great Chinese ~ Style Junks that the Sri Vijayans need for Travelling the Oceans is often seen as a Waste of Resources. The Sri Vijayans have Sailed as far as is Humanly Possible with the Technology they Currently have, and the Islands of their Archipelago are well Populated. There is no more Virgin Land for them to Sail and Trade over Thousands of Miles for Tools and Slaves is just not Worth it. Sri Vijaya itself Remains an Ocean ~ going Empire and continue to Sail for vast Distances ~ Persian Shahs still Dine on Sri Vijayan Cuisine, Arabian Women still Regularly Scent themselves with Sri Vijayan Perfumes, and European Kings are still Prepared to Pay Jaw ~ Dropping Prices for the latest Oriental Fashions [much to the Disgust of the Religious Authorities] but these Voyages are now the Exception rather than a way of Life. 1519 20th September In the Kingdom of Spain, the Portuguese Explorer Ferdinand Magellan sets Sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Southern Spain, with Five Ships and 270 Men, most of whom are from Spain, to find a Western Route to the Maluku Islands in Sri Vijaya and Trade for Spices. 1728 In the Russian Empire, Russian Explorer Vitus Bering Discover the Bering Strait, which he Names the Strait of Saint Nicholas. 1773 17th January In the Antarctic Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook, on Board HMS Resolution, becomes the First European to Cross the Antarctic Circle. They Sail within 120 km of the Antarctic Coastline before being Forced to turn Back by Ice Sheets. 11th August In the Pacific Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook, on Board HMS Resolution, Lands on Tekokota, which he Names Doubtful Island. 12th August In the Pacific Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook Discovers Marutea Nord, which he Names Furneaux Island. 1789 28th April In the Kingdom of Tonga, about 30 Nautical Miles South of the Pacific Island of Tofua, Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian and 18 Mutineers Seize Control of the British Royal Navy Ship HMS Bounty from their Captain, Lieutenant William Bligh, and Cast him Adrift in the Bounty’s Longboat with 18 of the 22 Sailors still Loyal to him. 24th July In the Sri Vijayan Empire, Survivors from the Mutiny on the HMS Bounty, Including Captain William Bligh and 18 others, Arrive at the Island of Timor after a nearly 4,000 Mile Journey in an open Boat. 1820 In the Japanese Empire, Recognising that he has no other Choice if Japan is to Remain Free of the European Powers, Shōgun Mōri Naritō very Reluctantly Orders a Belated Programme of Industrialisation and Westernisation to Secure its Extensive Coastline. 1850 12th December The Japanese Empire Declares itself to be at War against the Kingdom of France with the Hope of Capturing the French Loaisa Islands. 1852 31st March In the Japanese Empire, the Treaty of Peace and Amity is Signed in the City of Yokohama, Kanagawa Province, by Representatives of the Japanese Empire, the Kingdom of France, and the United Kingdoms of The Netherlands. Under the Terms of the Treaty, Japan will Hand the French Loaisa Islands Back to France, the Japanese Cities of Shimoda, Izu Province, and Hakodate, Hokkaido, will be Opened up to European Merchants, who will be Granted Complete Freedom of Movement by the Japanese Government. A French Consulate will be Built in Shimoda, Izu Province, and France will hold a Monopoly on all European Trade with Japan. The Japanese Islands of Okinawa will be Occupied by Luxembourgoise Troops for a Period of 20 Years to make sure Japan keeps to its Half of the Bargain. 1888 23rd July In the Korean Empire, a Rumour starts to Spread among the Korean Peasantry that American Missionaries are Stealing Babies and Boiling them down in Order to Produce the Chemicals needed for Photographic Plates. Anti-Foreigner Riots Engulf many of Korea’s Cities, while, out in the Countryside, the Focus quickly Shifts to Targeting Landowners, Civil Servants, and the Army. At First, Local Troops are used to Quell the Uprising, but, as the Fighting Spreads, Empress Myeongseong very Reluctantly Authorises the Secret Deployment of the Chinese Soldiers already in the Country. 1st August In the Japanese Empire, News of the use of Units from the Chinese Army soon Reach the Ears of the Pro ~ Japanese Korean Revolutionary, Kim Ok-gyun, who has been Living in Exile in Tokyo ever since his Coup Attempt in 1884, and Maintains many Contacts among Reformers in his Home Country. Kim, Realising the Implications of the Deployment, quickly Passes the Information on to his Japanese Allies. The Japanese Accuse the Chinese of Violating the Convention of Tianjin and Announce that they will send their Own Expeditionary Force. By this Point, a War between Japan and China is Inevitable. 5th September In the Korean Empire, Japanese Troops Land, Arrest the Korean Emperor, Occupy the Royal Palace, and Replace the Existing Government with Prominent Members of the Pro ~ Japanese Faction. The First Sino ~ Japanese War has begun. 1891 15th June The Democratic State of Taiwan is a Strange Construction; a State run by Chinese Officials who never wanted to be Independent, Surrounded by Predatory Powers, but Forbidden by Treaty to Rejoin with China, the only Nation it feels any Love for. Only Pressure from the French and the Russians has Prevented Japan from Annexing Taiwan and, while the Treaty of Iizuka had Designated the new Republic as a Neutral “Buffer Zone” between China and Japan, in Reality this is a Ruse for a continued French Interest on the Island. As a Result, the Years after the First Sino-Japanese War are a Power Struggle between Liu Mingchuan, the Former Chinese Governor of the Island and President of Taiwan, the French Ambassador, Charles-Marie Le Myre de Vilers, and his Japanese Counterpart, Miura Gorō. Matters come to a Head when an Unknown Anarchist throws a Bomb at President Liu; the President is only slightly Injured but the Attack Incites Anti ~ Foreigner Riots throughout Northern Taiwan; that Evening in Tamsui, a Party of Sailors from the Visiting French Battleship La Galissonnière are Attacked by a Taiwanese Mob, and, in the Ensuing Drunken Brawl, Three of the Sailors are Killed. The Incident Provides the French with the Perfect Opportunity to Escalate the Situation. Ambassador Le Myre de Vilers Wires Quai d'Orsay, who, in Turn, Issue an Ultimatum Demanding that Taiwan Pay Massive Reparations for the Injured Sailors and to the Relatives of the Deceased, or Face War. 9th July In the Democratic State of Taiwan, a French Naval Squadron Sails into Keelung and Tamsui and takes up Positions. All Pretense of a French Settlement is Dropped and Ambassador Le Myre de Vilers Demands the full Annexation of Taiwan into the Kingdom of France. President Liu has spent the Remainder of June Desperately Requesting Support from the Japanese, but, Despite being Furious over the French Actions, Ambassador Gorō Replies that Tokyo cannot Intervene and Risk War against the Superior French Fleet. 1st August In the German Empire, the Taiwanese Crisis Proves to be the Trigger for the Final Act between Friedrich Naumann and his new Kaiser. Despite their Earlier Clashes over Foreign Policy, the Imperial Chancellor has Briefly made himself Untouchable by his Triumph over the Anglo-German Alliance in April, however the Kaiser is still Determined to bring his Chancellor to Heel, and the Final Disintegration of France’s long ~ Standing Diplomatic Isolationism gives Wilhelm II most of the Ammunition that he needs. The Kaiser is Outraged by the French Landings in Taiwan and the Subsequent Japanese Humiliation, although this may be more through his Love of Gilbert and Sullivan’s Comic Opera, The Mikado rather than any Strategic Concern. Wilhelm II’s Romantic Opinions about the Japanese Inevitably Clash with his Chancellor’s Intentions, which are to lend his Tacit Support to the French as a Means of Fostering good Relations with the Russians and Encouraging Saint Petersburg to Focus on Asia rather than Closer to Home. For once, Naumann finds himself on the wrong Side of the German Press and Isolated. When, in Early August, Naumann Misjudges the Situation and Tenders his Resignation, the Kaiser Calls his Bluff and Shocks the Entire Country by Accepting and Replacing him with Count Leo von Caprivi.
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User #19655271 - 24 Jul 20 20:30
I appreciate your love of history, and I don't want this to come off as antagonistic, but these really long comments make it difficult to scroll through the post feed. Can I suggest that you make your initial comment, and then include the history as a reply to yourself? That way it starts out collapsed.
Shark Attack! Thursday at Noon -  Variable Ratio & Interval Schedules - Extra Credits
Shark Attack! Thursday at Noon - Variable Ratio & Interval Schedules - Extra Creditsmore_vert
2020-07-21T17:20:55+00:00
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I want you all to know the amount of restraint it took to not type shark attack in all caps for the title. - A


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Skinner boxes are fairly infamous in the game space at this point, but not all boxes are created equal. Why do some games grip and hold onto our attention but some games just end up falling by the wayside, despite having great graphics, gripping narratives, or engaging gameplay? Why do some RPGs just feel a little... off? That can be a factor of operant conditioning which relies on two big factors: variable ratio reinforcement schedules & variable interval reinforcement schedules. After all, finding a penny 200 times and finding 2 dollars results in the same outcome, but feels drastically different! Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Chat and play games with us on Twitch http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS ♪ Credits Music: "Groove, Sweet Groove" by: Mattias Häggström Gerdt https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR01710

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User #13544167 - 22 Jul 20 14:33
not a full WEEK? :)
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User #3566601 - 22 Jul 20 17:35
And yet the global number of recorded attacks on humans by Sharks is far lower than the number of Americans injured by toilets in the year 1996.
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User #32008252 - 22 Jul 20 18:18
I love all the things that are more than the number of shark attacks like more people have died via coconut
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User #10965665 - 21 Jul 20 18:36
Yet still not enough restraint to not use the exclamation point. HERETIC
Exploring the Pacific - Farther Than Any Man - Extra History - #5
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Cook really could have an entire series dedicated to him, his life was wild


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon The attempt to catalog the Pacific was made a little tricky by the nature of European exploration. Everything that was discovered by one country was usually kept a state secret so that other countries couldn't contest the ownership of their colonies. Enter France. With Louis Antoine de Bougainville came the ideas of the Enlightenment and scientific voyages dedicated to exploration rather than setting up colonies or claiming new territory. And that would be exemplified with James Cook, the commander of the HM Bark Endeavour, an explorer that would inspire the Starship Enterprise and James T. Kirk & Tupaia, the incredible navigator & priest mentioned in episode 2. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Pasifika" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #3566601 - 17 Jul 20 17:50
If the Mutiny on The Bounty is covered would it be better as a one off or would it be a two ~ parter? Glad to see Captain Kirk in bean form and I hope you liked the clip I sent you last week. P.S: No points awarded for guessing which segments come from my Crusader Kings II playthrough earlier in the week ~ I was playing as Atef. 76 BC In the Japanese Empire, the new Japanese Emperor Sujin, who had taken Power after the Death of Emperor Koizumi, takes the Position of Attacking the Chinese from a new Angle. The Malays are a Group of Imperialistic Dreamers on the Island of Sumatra who had Originally Migrated down from Cambodia in Southeastern Asia. As soon as the Japanese have Occupied the Loosely Populated Philippine Islands, they start to Fund the Malays in their Attempts to Expand to the rest of Indonesia and South East Asia. In Exchange, the Japanese will Remain in a Sacrosanct Alliance and the Malays will never Enter into an Alliance with China. In the Sri Vijayan Empire, once the whole of Sumatra, with its heavy Trade Connections, has been Occupied, the new Leader of the Malays, Jayanasa, Declares himself the “Mahārāja” [“Great King” or “Emperor”] of a new Empire, and the Malays Announce their Intention to take the other Islands. The Sanskrit “Sri,” Meaning “Fortunate” or “Prosperous,” and “Vijaya,” Meaning “Victorious,” comes to be the Name of the new “Sri Vijayan Empire.” 50 AD In the Principality of Samoa, a Samoan Crew Exploring the Marquesas Islands Discover Mesoamerican Castaways who Introduce a Suite of Mesoamerican Plants to Oceania: Sweet Potatoes, Cassava, Squash, Beans, Maize, and Chili. These Plants are all brought Back to Samoa where they Cause an Agricultural Revolution that Diversifies not only the Polynesian Diet but also Produce a huge Ammount of Calories for far less Labour than the Traditional Crop Package of Taro and Yam. The Resulting Growth in the Population, and Free Time, Encourages the Polynesian Tradition of Exploratory Voyages which, in Turn, Speeds up the Polynesian Expansion. 90 AD In the Chinese Empire, the Monsoon, a Series of Winds that bring in Moist Clouds which Drench the Areas of India and Southeast Asia in Rain during the Summer do not Arrive in Southeast Asia and the Peoples of Cambodia and China fall into Famine. 700 In the Middle East, a Period of Relative Peace begins as the Umayyad Caliphs, now Based in Damascus, Consolidate their new Lands. In the Conquered Regions, Non ~ Muslims are Treated somewhat Leniently, being Allowed to continue and Practice their Own Religions as long as they Pay a Special Tax. Most People in the Conquered Regions Convert to Islam rather than Pay the Tax. The Jews in Israel Province are a Major Exception, however, and there are other Groups Scattered throughout the Caliphate that do not Convert. [Christians and Zoroastrians Living in Mesopotamia and Persia, for Example.] 740 The Umayyad Caliphate Invades the Indian Subcontinent. 780 By this Time, the Umayyad Caliphate has Overrun Northern India, Pushing its Borders to the Line of the Jaxartes River, the Hindu Kush Mountains, and the Himalayas. This will Mark the Furthest Point of Islamic Expansion Eastwards, as the Formidable Terrain Barriers in the South, as well as the Fierce Nomadic Tribes of the North Halt the Arabian Drive Eastwards. 800 In the Pacific Ocean, the Booming Population of Polynesia have by now Reached the farthest Edges of the “Polynesian Triangle,” ~ New Zealand and Easter Island. These will Represent the Eastern and Western Limits of the Polynesian Range. Although a few Explorers will Venture out beyond these Islands, no Permanent Polynesian Settlements will Survive outside of the Triangular Borders they will Mark with Hawai’i. The Lapitan Polynesians, for Example, are Driven from their Homeland after the Native Lapitans lose too many of their Taro Harvest to the Pigs and Band together to Repulse the Foreigners. The Polynesians Move West until they find a new Land: Alawaland [OTL Australia] They Land in the Subtropical Coast, taking over Seasonally Uninhabited Land where the Lapita Hope they will be Safe. In the Kingdom of Keita, Ironically, the Polynesians themselves Literally Seeded the Acceptance of Pigs into the Keitan Landscape before they Left. Their Cassavas are now Established on the Island, and over the next few Centuries, they will Edge out Taro as the Crop of choice. The Fact that Cassava is much less Labour Intensive than the Taro means that, once it becomes a Staple Crop, the Lapita saw Pigs as a much better Investment. It would be much Easier to Create an Excess Harvest to Feed them, and if the Pigs Destroy a Cassava Patch, then it is not too much Effort to Grow more. In the Khmer Empire, a Mass Migration of Indian Hindus and Buddhists to the Myriad of Hindu Kingdoms and the Islands of the Sri Vijayan Archipelago in Southeast Asia Occurs in the Aftermath of the Umayyad Caliphate’s Invasion of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism had been Introduced Centuries ago, so these People are Absorbed by the Various Kingdoms and Island Nations of the Region with no Major Disruption of the Historical Developments that happened there OTL. The Main Difference is that, Strengthened by Millennia of Egyptian and Chinese Trade, and this boost in Population, the Hindu Kingdoms there will be Able to better Resist Muslim Encroachment and Islam will never Gain a Foothold in the Region. 1204 13th April In the Byzantine Empire, with nothing left to lose, the Crusaders Assault Constantinople itself, Burning and Plundering the City for Three Days. Forces from Venice Rip the Famous Bronze Horses from the Hippodrome and Carry them Back to Venice to Adorn the Façade of Saint Mark’s Basilica. Even the Tombs of the Emperors Resting in the Church of The Holy Apostles are Systematically Plundered by the Crusader Army, and the very Altars of the Churches are Smashed and torn to Pieces for their Gold and Marble by the Warriors. The Civilian Population of Constantinople are also Subject to the Crusaders’ Ruthless Lust for Spoils and Glory; Thousands are Killed in cold Blood, and Women, Including Nuns, are Raped by the Crusader Army. Basileus Alexios V Doukas, Accompanied by Basilissa Eudokia Angelina and her Family, Flee the City and Escape to Mosynopolis on Board a Fishing Boat. 1208 25th September In the Papal Kingdom, in a Grand Announcement, Pope-King Heraclius II Declares another Crusade against the Abbasid Caliphate. The Christian Lords are Gathering from all across Europe to bring the Abbasid Caliphate into the Fold of the Christian Kingdoms and out of the Infidel Lands. The Abbasid Caliphate has long been under the Tyrannical Rule of the Islamic Infidel Al-Nasir, but with the upcoming Christian Onslaught, it is only a Matter of Time before he will Fall. God will Grant a Remission of Sin to anyone Participating in this Righteous War. 1213 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, a Nation highly Dependent on International Trade Wealth, is not Able to send its Ships through the Red Sea or the newly re ~ opened Suez Canal that lets Boats continue to the Mediterranean Sea and, hence, to Europe. The Non ~ stop Wars between the Powers in that Region have deeply Hurt the International Trade Situation, which had Flourished before the Break up of China. It is because of this Situation and its bad Effects for Sri Vijaya that Sri Vijaya begins to send out Missions of Exploration to try and Discover an Alternative Route to Europe. In the Kingdom of Madagascar, the Sri Vijayan Explorers come upon Madagascar, Landing in the Northernmost State of Antsiranana, which has Fallen on Hard Times since the Collapse of the Kingdom. The Legacy of the Satavahana can be seen in the Crumbling Buildings and in the large Ports which are now Shadows of their Former Selves. In Antsiranana, a Growing Alliance of Northern City-States has Provided some Semblance of Law and Order, and Minimal Trade with each other, but the Jungles have made the Central Portion of the Island difficult to Navigate since they have taken the Roads again. On Board the Ship is a Native Barito Speaker from Borneo. This Man, upon Hearing the Natives of Madagascar, is Able to Understand most of what they say. This Discovery Facilitates Communication and Instantly brings the Two Disparate Communities together, and the Sri Vijayans Learn of the Satavahana Kingdom’s Fate. When the Sri Vijayans Ask King Andry of Antsiranana if the City-States of Madagascar would like to become a Sri Vijayan Colony, King Andry of Antsiranana Speaks of the Fiercely Independent Spirit of many of the Leaders of Madagascar, who will React Violently if the Seek to change the Government and Remove the Leaders, but otherwise King Andry Believes that most of the City-States will Invite the Sri Vijayans since they are Known to be Wealthy and have a Strong Trading Network. 1235 In the Emirate of Granada, Sri Vijayan Sailors Sail Right around the West Coast of Africa and Enter the Mediterranean Sea through the Strait of Gibraltar. Sri Vijaya starts a strong Trading Relationship with Portugal, France, and Norman England, among other European Kingdoms. 1400 By this Time, the Chinese Empire has been Extending its Power out to Sea for the last 300 Years. To Satisfy ever Growing Demand for special Spices, Medicinal Herbs, and Raw Materials, Chinese Merchants have Developed a Rich Trading Network Extending from the Islands of Southeast Asia to the Fringes of the Indian Ocean. Yet, Despite the Fact that their Ships have been Trading in the same Region for Several Centuries, Egypt and China have had no Direct Contact. No Egyptian Ship has Travelled as far as China, and no Chinese Ship has Paid a call on an Egyptian Port. This is about to change. By the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, China has reached a Peak of Naval Technology Unsurpassed [at least for now] anywhere in the World. Using many Technologies of Chinese Invention, Chinese Shipwrights have also Combined Technologies they have Borrowed and Adapted from the Seafarers of Sri Vijaya and Japan. Advances such as Double ~ Hulled Ships Divided into Separate Watertight Compartments, the Sternpost Rudder, Lanteen Sails, and the Magnetic Compass, have Combined to Produce Ships far Superior to anything in Europe or Asia. Both the Song Dynasty, and their Successor, the Mongol Yuan Dynasty, Encouraged Commercial Activity and Maritime Trade, so the Succeding Ming Dynasty Inherits large Shipyards, many Skilled Shipwrights, and Finely Tuned Naval Technology from the Dynasty that Preceded it. 1403 In the Chinese Empire, the new Ming Emperor, Huangdi Zhu Di, Known to History as the Yongle Emperor, wanting to Impress China’s Power upon the World, as well as Show off China’s Resources and Importance, Orders the Construction of Special “Treasure Ships,” Ships over 400 Foot long, 160 Foot wide, with Nine Masts, Twelve Sails, and Four Decks, each large enough to Carry 2,500 Tons of Cargo, each Armed with Dozens of small Cannons. Accompanying those Ships will be Hundreds of smaller Vessels, some Filled only with Water, others carrying Troops, or Horses, or Cannons, still others with Gifts of Silk and Brocades, Porcelain, Lacquerware, Tea, and Ironworks that will Impress the Rulers of far ~ Flung Civilizations. The Yongle Emperor Selects Zheng He, a Muslim Eunuch, to Command this Fleet of Exploration. 1405 11th July In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He’s Treasure Fleet of 317 Ships stops in Champa, the Khmer Empire, and then on to the Islands of Sri Vijaya, to Points along the Strait of Malacca before Proceeding to its Main Destination of Kozhikode, in the Empire of Vijayanagara in Southern India. 1407 In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes 68 Ships to the Court of Vijayanagara to Attend the Coronation of a new King. 1409 In the Kingdom of Sri Lanka, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet, with 48 large Ships and 30,000 Troops, Visiting many of the same Sites as well as Malacca City on the Malay Peninsula and the Kingdom of Sri Lanka. 1413 In the Persian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet of 63 Ships and over 28,000 Men to many of the same Sites as well as the Strait of Hormuz on the Persian Gulf. 1417 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet further than ever before, First to the Port of Aden along the Red Sea and then on to the East Coast of Africa, stopping off in the Egyptian Port City of Mogadishu, Puntland. Egyptian Officials Invite Zheng He to Visit the Pharaoh in his Capital City at Sais, and Zheng He Accepts. 1420 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He and the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet Sail through the Suez Canal and into the River Nile, Arriving in Sais. He is very Interested to Discover that Egypt Boasts a far older than that of his Own Empire, a Fact that is Reinforced after Pharaoh Psamtik XVI takes the Chinese Admiral for a Tour down the River Nile on the Royal Barge, Showing him the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Great Sphinx, and the Ruined Temple Complexes at Karnak and Abu Simbel, among other things, all of which Impress him Mightily. The Pharaoh, for his Part, is Impressed with the huge Chinese Ships and Especially with the large Number of fine Porcelain and Silks that Zheng He’s Fleet have brought with them. Both Items have been Available for Centuries in Limited Numbers, via Trade with Chinese Merchants in India, or via a Dangerous Overland Route Known as “the Silk Road,” but now the Dazzling Opportunity for large ~ Scale Import Presents itself, and the Pharaoh is very Desirous of Establishing Formal Relations, Including Trade. Therefore, when Zheng He Returns to China, he brings with him an Ambassador from Egypt. It will be the beginning of a long and Mutually Profitable Relationship between the Two Powers. 1450 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, the Great Age of Sri Vijayan Sailing is Drawing to its Close. The larger Populations that the American Crops have Created have Caused a Shortage of Wood in some Places. As a Direct Consequence of Building the Great Chinese ~ Style Junks that the Sri Vijayans need for Travelling the Oceans is often seen as a Waste of Resources. The Sri Vijayans have Sailed as far as is Humanly Possible with the Technology they Currently have, and the Islands of their Archipelago are well Populated. There is no more Virgin Land for them to Sail and Trade over Thousands of Miles for Tools and Slaves is just not Worth it. Sri Vijaya itself Remains an Ocean ~ going Empire and continue to Sail for vast Distances ~ Persian Shahs still Dine on Sri Vijayan Cuisine, Arabian Women still Regularly Scent themselves with Sri Vijayan Perfumes, and European Kings are still Prepared to Pay Jaw ~ Dropping Prices for the latest Oriental Fashions [much to the Disgust of the Religious Authorities] but these Voyages are now the Exception rather than a way of Life. 1519 20th September In the Kingdom of Spain, the Portuguese Explorer Ferdinand Magellan sets Sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Southern Spain, with Five Ships and 270 Men, most of whom are from Spain, to find a Western Route to the Maluku Islands in Sri Vijaya and Trade for Spices. 1728 In the Russian Empire, Russian Explorer Vitus Bering Discover the Bering Strait, which he Names the Strait of Saint Nicholas. 1773 17th January In the Antarctic Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook, on Board HMS Resolution, becomes the First European to Cross the Antarctic Circle. They Sail within 120 km of the Antarctic Coastline before being Forced to turn Back by Ice Sheets.
The Iliad - Deadly Destiny - Extra Mythology - #3
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Credits updated to include June Patrons!


Reading the Iliad is like watching a football match where Zeus is flagging both teams constantly for interference from the gods.


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Gods and goddesses join the fray and continue to drive the tides of war. Paris tries to end the bloody battle in a single one on one fight but it isn't meant to be. Ares and Aphrodite side with the Trojans, Hera and Athena support the Achaeans. Zeus would just like everyone to please stop. And where is Achilles??? Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #9355777 - 16 Jul 20 00:10
And the warrior who wounded Aphrodite also is the person who also wounded Ares
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User #3347538 - 15 Jul 20 18:23
Ares was the brother to Athena, but the son to Hera.
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User #950914 - 14 Jul 20 17:41
Also, WHOA WHOA WHOA. Hera wasn't Ares' sister, She was his Mother.
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User #950914 - 14 Jul 20 17:37
Menelaus cheated in that duel. He dragged Paris into his own ranks, for them to beat him unconscious. Aphrodite was justified in taking the boy to safety then. The rules stated that only Menelaus and Paris would fight, not Paris and the Achaean Army. That was just plain cheating.
Exploring the Pacific - Magellan's Mistake - Extra History - #4
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Two spears in the chest is a bad start to the day, yes.


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Ferdinand Magellan has made a very, very big mistake. Determined to circumnavigate the world, and cross the ocean Balboa had sighted in 1513, he’d just finished a perilous four-month journey—rounding South America and making it all the way to a previously unknown series of islands: the Philippines. He’d gotten involved in local politics, converting a ruler and his kingdom to the Catholic faith. But to keep their new conquest secure, they must crush a rival sub-chieftain, Lapulapu, who would not submit to Catholicism. Magellan tells his local allies to stay on the ship—he will take forty-nine men and overawe Lapulapu’s men with muskets and crossbows. They wade into knee-deep water, firing muskets, but to little effect. The Mactan warriors are unafraid of their weapons. Magellan has come a long way to die in the surf. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Pasifika" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #3566601 - 10 Jul 20 19:00
Compulsory clip coming now: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pM-igYjn6E4 I immediately thought of this when you said in your last Episode you'd be doing Magellan. 50 AD In the Principality of Samoa, a Samoan Crew Exploring the Marquesas Islands Discover Mesoamerican Castaways who Introduce a Suite of Mesoamerican Plants to Oceania: Sweet Potatoes, Cassava, Squash, Beans, Maize, and Chili. These Plants are all brought Back to Samoa where they Cause an Agricultural Revolution that Diversifies not only the Polynesian Diet but also Produce a huge Ammount of Calories for far less Labour than the Traditional Crop Package of Taro and Yam. The Resulting Growth in the Population, and Free Time, Encourages the Polynesian Tradition of Exploratory Voyages which, in Turn, Speeds up the Polynesian Expansion. 740 The Umayyad Caliphate Invades the Indian Subcontinent. 780 By this Time, the Umayyad Caliphate has Overrun Northern India, Pushing its Borders to the Line of the Jaxartes River, the Hindu Kush Mountains, and the Himalayas. This will Mark the Furthest Point of Islamic Expansion Eastwards, as the Formidable Terrain Barriers in the South, as well as the Fierce Nomadic Tribes of the North Halt the Drive Eastwards. 800 In the Pacific Ocean, the Booming Population of Polynesia have by now Reached the farthest Edges of the “Polynesian Triangle,” ~ New Zealand and Easter Island. These will Represent the Eastern and Western Limits of the Polynesian Range. Although a few Explorers will Venture out beyond these Islands, no Permanent Polynesian Settlements will Survive outside of the Triangular Borders they will Mark with Hawai’i. The Lapitan Polynesians, for Example, are Driven from their Homeland after the Native Lapitans lose too many of their Taro Harvest to the Pigs and Band together to Repulse the Foreigners. The Polynesians Move West until they find a new Land: Alawaland [OTL Australia] They Land in the Subtropical Coast, taking over Seasonally Uninhabited Land where the Lapita Hope they will be Safe. In the Kingdom of Keita, Ironically, the Polynesians themselves Literally Seeded the Acceptance of Pigs into the Keitan Landscape before they Left. Their Cassavas are now Established on the Island, and over the next few Centuries, they will Edge out Taro as the Crop of choice. The Fact that Cassava is much less Labour Intensive than the Taro means that, once it becomes a Staple Crop, the Lapita saw Pigs as a much better Investment. It would be much Easier to Create an Excess Harvest to Feed them, and if the Pigs Destroy a Cassava Patch, then it is not too much Effort to Grow more. In the Khmer Empire, a Mass Migration of Indian Hindus and Buddhists to the Myriad of Hindu Kingdoms and the Islands of the Sri Vijayan Archipelago in Southeast Asia Occurs in the Aftermath of the Umayyad Caliphate’s Invasion of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism had been Introduced Centuries ago, so these People are Absorbed by the Various Kingdoms and Island Nations of the Region with no Major Disruption of the Historical Developments that happened there OTL. The Main Difference is that, Strengthened by Millennia of Egyptian and Chinese Trade, and this boost in Population, the Hindu Kingdoms there will be Able to better Resist Muslim Encroachment and Islam will never Gain a Foothold in the Region. 1204 13th April In the Byzantine Empire, with nothing left to lose, the Crusaders Assault Constantinople itself, Burning and Plundering the City for Three Days. Forces from Venice Rip the Famous Bronze Horses from the Hippodrome and Carry them Back to Venice to Adorn the Façade of Saint Mark’s Basilica. Even the Tombs of the Emperors Resting in the Church of The Holy Apostles are Systematically Plundered by the Crusader Army, and the very Altars of the Churches are Smashed and torn to Pieces for their Gold and Marble by the Warriors. The Civilian Population of Constantinople are also Subject to the Crusaders’ Ruthless Lust for Spoils and Glory; Thousands are Killed in cold Blood, and Women, Including Nuns, are Raped by the Crusader Army. Basileus Alexios V Doukas, Accompanied by Basilissa Eudokia Angelina and her Family, Flee the City and Escape to Mosynopolis on Board a Fishing Boat. 1213 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, a Nation highly Dependent on International Trade Wealth, is not Able to send its Ships through the Red Sea or the newly re ~ opened Suez Canal that lets Boats continue to the Mediterranean Sea and, hence, to Europe. The Non ~ stop Wars between the Powers in that Region have deeply Hurt the International Trade Situation, which had Flourished before the Break up of China. It is because of this Situation and its bad Effects for Sri Vijaya that Sri Vijaya begins to send out Missions of Exploration to try and Discover an Alternative Route to Europe. In the Kingdom of Madagascar, the Sri Vijayan Explorers come upon Madagascar, Landing in the Northernmost State of Antsiranana, which has Fallen on Hard Times since the Collapse of the Kingdom. The Legacy of the Satavahana can be seen in the Crumbling Buildings and in the large Ports which are now Shadows of their Former Selves. In Antsiranana, a Growing Alliance of Northern City-States has Provided some Semblance of Law and Order, and Minimal Trade with each other, but the Jungles have made the Central Portion of the Island difficult to Navigate since they have taken the Roads again. On Board the Ship is a Native Barito Speaker from Borneo. This Man, upon Hearing the Natives of Madagascar, is Able to Understand most of what they say. This Discovery Facilitates Communication and Instantly brings the Two Disparate Communities together, and the Sri Vijayans Learn of the Satavahana Kingdom’s Fate. When the Sri Vijayans Ask King Andry of Antsiranana if the City-States of Madagascar would like to become a Sri Vijayan Colony, King Andry of Antsiranana Speaks of the Fiercely Independent Spirit of many of the Leaders of Madagascar, who will React Violently if the Seek to change the Government and Remove the Leaders, but otherwise King Andry Believes that most of the City-States will Invite the Sri Vijayans since they are Known to be Wealthy and have a Strong Trading Network. 1235 In the Emirate of Granada, Sri Vijayan Sailors Sail Right around the West Coast of Africa and Enter the Mediterranean Sea through the Strait of Gibraltar. Sri Vijaya starts a strong Trading Relationship with Portugal, France, and Norman England, among other European Kingdoms. 1400 By this Time, the Chinese Empire has been Extending its Power out to Sea for the last 300 Years. To Satisfy ever Growing Demand for special Spices, Medicinal Herbs, and Raw Materials, Chinese Merchants have Developed a Rich Trading Network Extending from the Islands of Southeast Asia to the Fringes of the Indian Ocean. Yet, Despite the Fact that their Ships have been Trading in the same Region for Several Centuries, Egypt and China have had no Direct Contact. No Egyptian Ship has Travelled as far as China, and no Chinese Ship has Paid a call on an Egyptian Port. This is about to change. By the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, China has reached a Peak of Naval Technology Unsurpassed [at least for now] anywhere in the World. Using many Technologies of Chinese Invention, Chinese Shipwrights have also Combined Technologies they have Borrowed and Adapted from the Seafarers of Sri Vijaya and Japan. Advances such as Double ~ Hulled Ships Divided into Separate Watertight Compartments, the Sternpost Rudder, Lanteen Sails, and the Magnetic Compass, have Combined to Produce Ships far Superior to anything in Europe or Asia. Both the Song Dynasty, and their Successor, the Mongol Yuan Dynasty, Encouraged Commercial Activity and Maritime Trade, so the Succeding Ming Dynasty Inherits large Shipyards, many Skilled Shipwrights, and Finely Tuned Naval Technology from the Dynasty that Preceded it. 1403 In the Chinese Empire, the new Ming Emperor, Huangdi Zhu Di, Known to History as the Yongle Emperor, wanting to Impress China’s Power upon the World, as well as Show off China’s Resources and Importance, Orders the Construction of Special “Treasure Ships,” Ships over 400 Foot long, 160 Foot wide, with Nine Masts, Twelve Sails, and Four Decks, each large enough to Carry 2,500 Tons of Cargo, each Armed with Dozens of small Cannons. Accompanying those Ships will be Hundreds of smaller Vessels, some Filled only with Water, others carrying Troops, or Horses, or Cannons, still others with Gifts of Silk and Brocades, Porcelain, Lacquerware, Tea, and Ironworks that will Impress the Rulers of far ~ Flung Civilizations. The Yongle Emperor Selects Zheng He, a Muslim Eunuch, to Command this Fleet of Exploration. 1405 11th July In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He’s Treasure Fleet of 317 Ships stops in Champa, the Khmer Empire, and then on to the Islands of Sri Vijaya, to Points along the Strait of Malacca before Proceeding to its Main Destination of Kozhikode, in the Empire of Vijayanagara in Southern India. 1407 In the Vijayanagara Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes 68 Ships to the Court of Vijayanagara to Attend the Coronation of a new King. 1409 In the Kingdom of Sri Lanka, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet, with 48 large Ships and 30,000 Troops, Visiting many of the same Sites as well as Malacca City on the Malay Peninsula and the Kingdom of Sri Lanka. 1413 In the Persian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet of 63 Ships and over 28,000 Men to many of the same Sites as well as the Strait of Hormuz on the Persian Gulf. 1417 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He takes the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet further than ever before, First to the Port of Aden along the Red Sea and then on to the East Coast of Africa, stopping off in the Egyptian Port City of Mogadishu, Puntland. Egyptian Officials Invite Zheng He to Visit the Pharaoh in his Capital City at Sais, and Zheng He Accepts. 1420 In the Egyptian Empire, Admiral Zheng He and the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet Sail through the Suez Canal and into the River Nile, Arriving in Sais. He is very Interested to Discover that Egypt Boasts a far older than that of his Own Empire, a Fact that is Reinforced after Pharaoh Psamtik XVI takes the Chinese Admiral for a Tour down the River Nile on the Royal Barge, Showing him the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Great Sphinx, and the Ruined Temple Complexes at Karnak and Abu Simbel, among other things, all of which Impress him Mightily. The Pharaoh, for his Part, is Impressed with the huge Chinese Ships and Especially with the large Number of fine Porcelain and Silks that Zheng He’s Fleet have brought with them. Both Items have been Available for Centuries in Limited Numbers, via Trade with Chinese Merchants in India, or via a Dangerous Overland Route Known as “the Silk Road,” but now the Dazzling Opportunity for large ~ Scale Import Presents itself, and the Pharaoh is very Desirous of Establishing Formal Relations, Including Trade. Therefore, when Zheng He Returns to China, he brings with him an Ambassador from Egypt. It will be the beginning of a long and Mutually Profitable Relationship between the Two Powers. 1450 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, the Great Age of Sri Vijayan Sailing is Drawing to its Close. The larger Populations that the American Crops have Created have Caused a Shortage of Wood in some Places. As a Direct Consequence of Building the Great Chinese ~ Style Junks that the Sri Vijayans need for Travelling the Oceans is often seen as a Waste of Resources. The Sri Vijayans have Sailed as far as is Humanly Possible with the Technology they Currently have, and the Islands of their Archipelago are well Populated. There is no more Virgin Land for them to Sail and Trade over Thousands of Miles for Tools and Slaves is just not Worth it. Sri Vijaya itself Remains an Ocean ~ going Empire and continue to Sail for vast Distances ~ Persian Shahs still Dine on Sri Vijayan Cuisine, Arabian Women still Regularly Scent themselves with Sri Vijayan Perfumes, and European Kings are still Prepared to Pay Jaw ~ Dropping Prices for the latest Oriental Fashions [much to the Disgust of the Religious Authorities] but these Voyages are now the Exception rather than a way of Life. 1519 20th September In the Kingdom of Spain, the Portuguese Explorer Ferdinand Magellan sets Sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Southern Spain, with Five Ships and 270 Men, most of whom are from Spain, to find a Western Route to the Maluku Islands in Sri Vijaya and Trade for Spices. 1728 In the Russian Empire, Russian Explorer Vitus Bering Discover the Bering Strait, which he Names the Strait of Saint Nicholas. 1773 17th January In the Antarctic Ocean, the British Explorer and Cartographer Captain James Cook, on Board HMS Resolution, becomes the First European to Cross the Antarctic Circle. They Sail within 120 km of the Antarctic Coastline before being Forced to turn Back by Ice Sheets.
user avatar
User #279117 - 10 Jul 20 22:35
7:48 - Really? Was it Ingraham (technically an American) by chance that you're referring to?
Trademark & Likeness - Including Real World People & Brands in Your Game - Extra Credits
Trademark & Likeness - Including Real World People & Brands in Your Game - Extra Creditsmore_vert
2020-07-07T17:30:01+00:00
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Trademark & Likeness - Including Real World People & Brands in Your Game - Extra Credits 2020-07-07T17:30:01+00:00close

I will absolutely judge an anime based on the quality of their knock off McDonalds brand.


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Thanks to Joe Newman ( https://www.fenwick.com/people/joseph-newman ) & Rebecca Fewkes ( https://www.fenwick.com/people/rebecca-a-e-fewkes ) for their legal expertise on this episode! We talked a little bit about video game copyright law beforehand but let's talk about including real-world brands and people in your game. Trademark and visual likeness is similar to copyright but has a few key differences that can make or break your case for fair use. So could you include a McDonalds in your game? Or would it have to be MacBonald? And if a person is dead, does that mean you can use their face without issue? Well, it can depend on how you're using it! Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Chat and play games with us on Twitch http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS ♪ Credits Music:"Through the Clouds" by: Fxsnowy https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR03632

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User #8870825 - 8 Jul 20 00:52
I am still disappointed over the original Plants & Zombies changing the appearance of the dancing zombie due to a similarity to a deceased pop idol, but I can understand the company wanting to avoid legal trouble with the performer's estate.
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User #676696 - 16 Jul 20 01:14
Fun and clear, and well-placed statement that "This isn't legal advice." :)
The Burning of Black Wall Street - Tulsa, OK - Extra History
The Burning of Black Wall Street - Tulsa, OK - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-07-03T00:00:02+00:00
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There has been a lot of references to Tulsa and Rosewood in the last month and we wanted to expand further on what The Tulsa Massacre was about.


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Tulsa, Oklahoma was a bright spot of hope in the middle of segregation. Through hard work, the Black community of Tulsa had created an area that prospered in a time when it was hard enough to just survive. It was so well known for its wealth, it was nicknamed Black Wall Street. And in just a few days, all 36 blocks would be absolutely destroyed. Thanks to Steven Van Patten for writing this episode. If you'd like to see more of his work, check out his website at: http://www.laughingblackvampire.com Curious about where the youtube revenue for this video is going? You can learn more about the legal defense fund at: https://www.naacpldf.org/ Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "The Infinite Steppe" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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User #6294328 - 4 Jul 20 12:28
Is there any chance- -- perhaps during next February's Black History month -- you could cover The Negro Motorist Green-Book? It, too, would drive home to the unaware the pervasive racism that is so large a part of America, past and present. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Negro_Motorist_Green_Book https://transcription.si.edu/project/7955
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User #13544167 - 5 Jul 20 16:46
this situation, the battle of Athens, and the second massacre at Wounded Knee are all "controversial" situations our history teachers never seem to have gotten around to. I think this shows the whole "those who forget history" thing, since we're doing it again :(
user avatar
User #2461739 - 3 Jul 20 20:07
Thank you for covering this.
user avatar
User #3566601 - 3 Jul 20 10:25
This is probably going to be controversial over on YouTube, but I am thankful you are covering these topics.
user avatar
User #676696 - 22 Jul 20 00:58
White people messed me over, from first grade, into 30 years' clinical depression, wishing for a terminal illness. I want to make several time travel trips, back to Tulsa, with a helicopter gunship, and wipe out thousands of mean white people. And I'm white
user avatar
User #676696 - 4 Jul 20 03:03
The (white) power structure failed me, starting in first grade, over 50 years ago. I'm already familiar with what happened in and around Tulsa, the mass graves, the very late investigations. I just want to go back in time and counter-massacre the people I don't consider my fellow white people. I want to stun them all and feed 'em through a wood chipper, and call it affirmative action. Mean people cost me 30 years of my life, and the rest hasn't exactly been great, in the back of the bus.
user avatar
User #33881337 - 3 Jul 20 13:11
Thanks EC for great content like this.
user avatar
User #6294328 - 4 Jul 20 12:23
This needs to be shown to all the crypto-racists out there who yearn for "the good ol' days." As a history addict, I was vaguely aware of the massacre, but the video really drives it home.
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User #676696 - 22 Jul 20 00:59
And I'm white.
user avatar
User #2430135 - 3 Jul 20 03:48
I thank you for making this, as I, too, did not have this covered in my history classes.
Thor and Loki - The Lay of Thrym - Extra Mythology
Thor and Loki - The Lay of Thrym - Extra Mythologymore_vert
2020-06-30T17:31:00+00:00
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This is one of my favorite stories and it's not just because Thor's lovely wedding dress. Though that is a big part of it.


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One morning, Thor's precious hammer disappears. Shockingly, it's not Loki's fault. So the two brothers team up to try and find the hammer. And when they find it in the hands of a frost giant, they're going to need a clever plan to try and rescue it. A plan that might involve a wedding. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #3566601 - 3 Jul 20 15:15
I'm off now to Play God of War while humming the theme from Thor: The Dark World.
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User #4978774 - 1 Jul 20 21:13
"he called his brother" .... errrrrm, I think you've been watching too much Marvel EC
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User #8358632 - 30 Jun 20 17:59
What terrifying eyes you have? Loki: "She's been up all night in anticipation"
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User #3347538 - 1 Jul 20 18:09
are you mixing up the MCU with Norse mythology? Loki was Odin's blood brother not Thor's blood brother.
Exploring the Pacific - Wayfinders - Extra History - #2
Exploring the Pacific - Wayfinders - Extra History - #2more_vert
2020-06-26T17:30:00+00:00
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I can barely remember fixed street names let alone an entire star map for every time of the year.


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon So if the Pacific Ocean is so huge and dangerous, how in the world did the Austronesians find their way to land? As it turns out, they had an impressive array of tools at their disposal. Songs & chants to remember particular techniques, feeling currents through the water, memorizing star positions for each time of the year... And the unique design of their boats! Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Pasifika" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #2461739 - 26 Jun 20 21:24
European: how do you find all these tiny islands in the vast Pacific? Islander: electromagnetic field navigation by proxy ^^,
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User #279117 - 27 Jun 20 18:41
1:28 That's not Taiwan; something for Lies, I guess
user avatar
User #5794797 - 26 Jun 20 18:46
when you say people speaking austronesian languages can be found in taiwan the star goes to japan
user avatar
User #3566601 - 26 Jun 20 17:45
Is there really a huge cat head in the South Pacific near New Zealand and Papua New Guinea with a rubber duck? I checked Google Maps but they didn't have one. 76 BC In the Japanese Empire, the new Japanese Emperor Sujin, who had taken Power after the Death of Emperor Koizumi, takes the Position of Attacking the Chinese from a new Angle. The Malays are a Group of Imperialistic Dreamers on the Island of Sumatra who had Originally Migrated down from Cambodia in Southeastern Asia. As soon as the Japanese have Occupied the Loosely Populated Philippine Islands, they start to Fund the Malays in their Attempts to Expand to the rest of Indonesia and South East Asia. In Exchange, the Japanese will Remain in a Sacrosanct Alliance and the Malays will never Enter into an Alliance with China. 1213 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, a Nation highly Dependent on International Trade Wealth, is not Able to send its Ships through the Red Sea or the newly re ~ opened Suez Canal that lets Boats continue to the Mediterranean Sea and, hence, to Europe. The Non ~ stop Wars between the Powers in that Region have deeply Hurt the International Trade Situation, which had Flourished before the Break up of China. It is because of this Situation and its bad Effects for Sri Vijaya that Sri Vijaya begins to send out Missions of Exploration to try and Discover an Alternative Route to Europe. 1450 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, the Great Age of Sri Vijayan Sailing is Drawing to its Close. The larger Populations that the American Crops have Created have Caused a Shortage of Wood in some Places. As a Direct Consequence of Building the Great Chinese ~ Style Junks that the Sri Vijayans need for Travelling the Oceans is often seen as a Waste of Resources. The Sri Vijayans have Sailed as far as is Humanly Possible with the Technology they Currently have, and the Islands of their Archipelago are well Populated. There is no more Virgin Land for them to Sail and Trade over Thousands of Miles for Tools and Slaves is just not Worth it. Sri Vijaya itself Remains an Ocean ~ going Empire and continue to Sail for vast Distances ~ Persian Shahs still Dine on Sri Vijayan Cuisine, Arabian Women still Regularly Scent themselves with Sri Vijayan Perfumes, and European Kings are still Prepared to Pay Jaw ~ Dropping Prices for the latest Oriental Fashions [much to the Disgust of the Religious Authorities] but these Voyages are now the Exception rather than a way of Life. P.S: I think it's now One Month since we had our Cat put to sleep...it's too quiet here now without him being there to greet us when we come home.
user avatar
User #676696 - 27 Jun 20 19:53
So amazing! Thank you! :D
user avatar
User #278566 - 27 Jun 20 03:25
According to Wikipedia, Madagascar is also an Austronesian settlement. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Madagascar
The Trolley Problem - Designs With No Right Answer - Extra Credits
The Trolley Problem - Designs With No Right Answer - Extra Creditsmore_vert
2020-06-23T17:30:59+00:00
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The most important Life is Strange question: Bay or Bae?


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Thanks to .SITE for sponsoring this video. Find your perfect domain name here http://bit.ly/EC_Site , and use the code "extracredits" at checkout to get 50% off your purchase. The Trolley Problem is one of the most famous hypotheticals in the philosophy of ethics. There are endless permutations, focusing on different aspects of the question: What if the one person on the second rail is a great leader? Is ethics a simple numbers game where 5 is always greater than 1? All very important questions but ultimately there is no correct way to answer the trolley problem. And many games strive to mimic this design by providing players with choices that, like the trolley problem, reveal more about the player's philosophy than a simple right or wrong answer. Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Chat and play games with us on Twitch http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS Music: "Swing When You're Killing" by: Nostalvania https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR03116

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User #798356 - 24 Jun 20 17:06
Don't trolleys have bells? Clang-clang-clang, and someone should know to get off the tracks.
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User #676696 - 27 Jun 20 21:52
Still, a very fun episode, as always, and thanks for calling our attention to this mess. :)
user avatar
User #13223083 - 25 Jun 20 04:58
I think InFamous did this problem the best, save 20 doctors or Cole's gf
user avatar
User #8358632 - 23 Jun 20 17:31
Bae
user avatar
User #676696 - 27 Jun 20 21:51
I don't accept the conditions. Commit more resources to hospitals, as has South Korea, for instance. I'll teach my kids to stay off train tracks. Now there's YouTube video showing how hard it is for even a trolley to stop. Self-driving cars? We won't like it, but they'll slow down so they can always stop in the distance they see is clear. Every one of these trolley problems invites a game theory response that thinks backwards, before the crisis, and makes decisions to prevent it. How much fun to use a fire hose to wash people off the trolley tracks. Maybe they'll learn. Muuuwahahahahah!
Exploring the Pacific - The Great Ocean - Extra History - #1
Exploring the Pacific - The Great Ocean - Extra History - #1more_vert
2020-06-19T17:30:01+00:00
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I'm just going to be humming the Moana soundtrack though this entire series


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Welcome to our first episode on the Pacific Ocean and the cultures that explored and settled on the island chains. We'll be talking about the three sections of the Pacific: Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. But before we can talk about the people, we have to talk about the ocean itself. The Pacific Ocean was nicknamed the Peaceful Ocean by Ferdinand Magellan, but nothing could be farther from the truth. Ringed by volcanoes, and resting over several tectonic plates, the Pacific Ocean is vast, deep, and a hotspot for earthquakes and tsunamis. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Thread of War" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #648497 - 20 Jun 20 18:48
*165,250,000 km² - To convert miles to kilometers you use a factor of about 1.6, but to convert square miles to square kilometers the factor needs to be squared, so about 1.6² = 2.56. Apart from that another good video!
user avatar
User #29003700 - 19 Jun 20 17:35
Thank you so much for mentioning Eddie Aikau! Eddie Would Go!
user avatar
User #639227 - 20 Jun 20 05:09
Sorry, but when you name something "The Great Ocean", the soundtrack I hear is not Moana...
user avatar
User #33881337 - 20 Jun 20 17:52
I love this it is talking about history I never knew about even though I studied about Hawaii
user avatar
User #676696 - 23 Jun 20 02:29
For some, it's the Walpole connections, which I admit are fun and educational. But what keeps my eyes glued to my screen, instead of also slowly playing Sid Meier's Civ, as I listen, is spotting Zoe! I gave a Zoe plush to a friend who'd lost a cat. Her cat had come from a harsh life, and was an emotional and physical wreck. But her last home was full of love, and she left an empty space, where there's now a Zoe plush, who doesn't run and hide.
user avatar
User #3566601 - 19 Jun 20 17:40
Hooray! More Alternate History time, despite the lack of relevance to the Pacific: 1213 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, a Nation highly Dependent on International Trade Wealth, is not Able to send its Ships through the Red Sea or the newly re ~ opened Suez Canal that lets Boats continue to the Mediterranean Sea and, hence, to Europe. The Non ~ stop Wars between the Powers in that Region have deeply Hurt the International Trade Situation, which had Flourished before the Break up of China. It is because of this Situation and its bad Effects for Sri Vijaya that Sri Vijaya begins to send out Missions of Exploration to try and Discover an Alternative Route to Europe. 1450 In the Sri Vijayan Empire, the Great Age of Sri Vijayan Sailing is Drawing to its Close. The larger Populations that the American Crops have Created have Caused a Shortage of Wood in some Places. As a Direct Consequence of Building the Great Chinese ~ Style Junks that the Sri Vijayans need for Travelling the Oceans is often seen as a Waste of Resources. The Sri Vijayans have Sailed as far as is Humanly Possible with the Technology they Currently have, and the Islands of their Archipelago are well Populated. There is no more Virgin Land for them to Sail and Trade over Thousands of Miles for Tools and Slaves is just not Worth it. Sri Vijaya itself Remains an Ocean ~ going Empire and continue to Sail for vast Distances ~ Persian Shahs still Dine on Sri Vijayan Cuisine, Arabian Women still Regularly Scent themselves with Sri Vijayan Perfumes, and European Kings are still Prepared to Pay Jaw ~ Dropping Prices for the latest Oriental Fashions [much to the Disgust of the Religious Authorities] but these Voyages are now the Exception rather than a way of Life. P.S: Since I don't know any of the Moana soundtrack is it all right if I hum "The Pacific" theme instead?
user avatar
User #301278 - 21 Jun 20 18:22
This sounds like it will be really interesting and something not covered in a lot of history books in the US. Please continue to do these topics!
user avatar
User #639227 - 20 Jun 20 04:58
Is it Tonga time? I think it's Tonga time.
The Iliad - Prizes & Prejudice - Extra Mythology - #2
The Iliad - Prizes & Prejudice - Extra Mythology - #2more_vert
2020-06-16T17:23:36+00:00
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Everyone in Greek mythology is a mature and reasonable adult


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The Greeks learn that kidnapping the daughter of a priest to a god of plague is maybe not the best decision. But if Agamemnon lets her go, then how is everyone supposed to know that he is the best king who deserves a prize? So Agamemnon decides that if he has to let Chryseis go, then he'll have Achilleus' prize, Briseis. Which Achilleus does not appreciate. And he is also related to the gods. This will all be handled maturely and with no bloodshed whatsoever. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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Dividing the Middle East - Lies - Extra History
Dividing the Middle East - Lies - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-06-12T18:02:34+00:00
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Reading Recommendations:

A History of the Modern Middle East by William L Cleveland & Martin Bunton

Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East by Scott Anderson

A Peace to End All Peace by David Fromkin

And Timestamps:

1:53 - Technical Difficulties

6:22 - What happened to Egypt & Iran?

7:50 - Episode 1

13:32 - Episode 2

15:08 - Episode 3

16:26 - Episode 4

20:20 - Episode 5

21:43 - What's Next

23:18 - Side Trip!!


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Dividing the Middle East - Lies - Extra History

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We answer your questions, correct small hiccups we made, and expand on the stories that were too wild, weird, or complicated to fit into the main series. Welcome to this episode of Lies! LARPing the crusades, Civil War vs Independence, and illegal hats. If you want to check out our recommended reading, you can find it on our Patreon page Join us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Battuta's Voyage" by Tiffany Román http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #3347538 - 12 Jun 20 23:22
if you plan to cover Egypt in the future do you plan on covering the fact that during the 1920s and 1930s Egypt did not consider itself an Arab country but their own thing? With the Arab identity really coming the fore with the late 1940s and especially Nassar.
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User #36176284 - 13 Jun 20 04:13
can't wait for Gertrude bell video
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User #3566601 - 12 Jun 20 20:05
Can you tell me if Diocletian is next, or Polynesia is next, or if the Chickens are next, assuming they haven't been turned into our dinner yet?
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ExtraCredits - 12 Jun 20 20:10
Polynesia will be next!
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User #3566601 - 12 Jun 20 20:40
And when will the Chickens be?
The Sacred Band - An Alternative 300 - Extra History
The Sacred Band - An Alternative 300 - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-06-05T18:02:24+00:00
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This is the sequel to 300 we all need


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To support the Trevor Project visit our tiltify at https://tiltify.com/@extracredits/extra-pride-2020 & to see what we'll be broadcasting throughout the week, put your eyes on our schedule over at https://www.twitch.tv/extracredits/schedule Thanks to 300, everyone is familiar with the Spartan troops & Spartan military power. But let's talk about the 300 that served the Theban army. An elite force of shock troops, these 300 men were well trained, fearsome in battle, and were the first to defeat the Spartans while having a smaller force. This was the Sacred Band and they had one very important trick up their sleeve: the literal power of love. Yup. Every member of the Sacred Band fought alongside their partner. It's pride month, baby. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History - Odds and Ends" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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User #29003700 - 5 Jun 20 19:36
I'm a little confused. When the Thebans first won against the Spartans, you said that it was the only time in history they had lost against a smaller force. But then when the Thebans went to war again with Spartans, the Spartans also lost to a smaller force. Did you mean the only time the Spartans lost a WAR against a smaller force? Or did you mean a battle?
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User #3566601 - 5 Jun 20 18:25
I Assume this is the Sacred Band of Thebes wiped out by Alexander the Great during the Battle of Chaeronea?
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User #614186 - 5 Jun 20 19:39
In 338 BCE, the combined forces of Athens and Thebes fought the Battle of Chaeronea against the Macedonians led by Philip II of Macedon, Alexander the Great’s father. It is said that King Philip was so impressed by the bravery of the Sacred Band of Thebes that he wept at the sight of their dead bodies.
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User #24760375 - 5 Jun 20 19:38
I think, and you may have said this and I missed it, that the soldiers were lovers to form a closer bond, making them more compelled to save each other and not letting each other die. ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homosexuality_in_ancient_Greece#In_the_military )
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User #19655271 - 6 Jun 20 21:19
They indeed mentioned that.
The Field of the Cloth of Gold - Royal Frenemies - Extra History - #2
The Field of the Cloth of Gold - Royal Frenemies - Extra History - #2more_vert
2020-06-03T18:00:20+00:00
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As a community manager, I've got nothing but the utmost respect for Thomas Wolsey here. And second hand anxiety.


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Thanks to Royal Armouries for sponsoring this series & providing the awesome references for armor. You can see more amazing pieces at https://royalarmouries.org/ & learn what it took to get weapons for this tournament here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a7mfnJIJIMQ The tournament kicks off and quickly becomes a very careful balancing act of making sure that both kings are on even ground. This 18-day party is probably one of the most detailed and carefully planned diplomatic events in history. But will it be enough to cement the peace between England and France and to ratify the Universal Peace treaty? Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History - Odds and Ends" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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User #304869 - 4 Jun 20 16:55
One of 2 reasons I would ever consider setting foot in England would be to see the armory
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User #11625059 - 4 Jun 20 17:35
Just a few more days before it's 500th anniversary since then
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User #5607654 - 3 Jun 20 18:49
I'm glad to see this done. That Henry was more than just the gluttonous wife killer history made him out to be.
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User #34948130 - 4 Jun 20 05:29
Yay! Part 2!
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User #15512143 - 4 Jun 20 15:13
"it is Christ's will that you remove your beard!"
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User #15512143 - 4 Jun 20 15:13
God shave the King
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User #3566601 - 4 Jun 20 16:05
We need a full life series of Henry VIII sooner or later.
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User #9974172 - 3 Jun 20 20:54
You really turned up the accents game for this one. I love it.
The Iliad - Prelude to War - Extra Mythology - #1
The Iliad - Prelude to War - Extra Mythology - #1more_vert
2020-06-03T17:06:58+00:00
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I'm sorry that this video is late for you all, everything feels like The Persistence of Memory right now. The 2nd episode for the Field of the Cloth of Gold will be up shortly.

Until then, uh, here's an apple. τῃ καλλίστῃ


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Ah, the myth that launched a thousand ships. The apple thrown into the middle of a greek banquet would ruin lives and lay waste to entire kingdoms. We set the stage for Helen and Paris, two lovers who were not meant to be, and why so many kingdoms would unite to keep the two of them apart. Agamemnon, Achilles, Paris, Odysseus, and fair Helen are all here, and a war is about to begin. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Have fun with us on Twitch: http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #31624555 - 3 Jun 20 18:19
Yay! Double episodes ❤️ they brighten my world!
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User #33896854 - 3 Jun 20 17:15
i feel like these story are always a bit different then what I remember and I love that so much
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User #3566601 - 5 Jun 20 10:40
"Rage, Goddess. Sing of the rage of Peleus' Son, Achilles. Murderous, doomed, that cost the Achaeans countless lossess, hurling down to the house of death so many sturdy souls, great fighters' souls but made their bodies carrion, feast for the dogs and birds, and the will of Zeus was moving towards its end." A pity our Owls were conspicuous by their absence ~ to them the Trojan war would've probably been an all-you-can eat buffet.
Dividing the Middle East - Setting the Board - Extra History - #5
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2020-05-29T17:31:00+00:00
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The rivalry between Sharif Hussein and Ibn Saud finally spills out into fighting. The Balfour Declaration remains wildly controversial. And a lot of blood is going to be spilled over imperial rule.

Last chance to ask questions directly to Rob for the Lies episode here


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Winston Churchill is convinced that his Cairo Conference has solved all of the problems of the Middle East but he is going to be proven wrong. The British find themselves trapped between two allies who will not stop fighting. The Balfour Declaration makes everything... tricky. Thousands of lives are lost in various uprisings and brutal retaliations. And the kingdom of Saudi Arabia emerges. It's not a conclusion so much as an endpoint for how our modern maps look. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Thread of War" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #2430135 - 29 May 20 19:19
This both makes me realize how recent (relatively speaking) all of the current nations of the middle east were formed, and also how little I've known about it. Man, Europe really had a habit of screwing stuff up in other parts of the world...
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User #3566601 - 29 May 20 18:00
Here is how far I have got with this...it will probably have to wait before I resume work. 1904 21st October In the Kingdom of Great Britain, while En Route from Saint Petersburg to Vladivostok to Reinforce the Russian 1st Pacific Squadron Stationed at Port Arthur, Manchuria, the Captain of a Russian Supply Ship Mistakes a Passing Svealandic Ship for a Japanese Torpedo Boat, Despite being more than 20,000 Miles from Japan, and Radioes that he is under Attack. Later that same Night, in heavy Fog, the Officers of the Russian Baltic Fleet Sight a Fleet of British Fishing Trawlers from Kingston upon Hull, Read their Signals Incorrectly, and Classify them as Japanese Torpedo Boats. The Russian Warships Illuminate them with their Searchlights and Open Fire. Because their Nets are down, the Trawlers cannot Flee. The British Trawler Crane is Sunk and its Captain and First Mate are both Killed and Six others are Injured. In the Confusion, the Russian Cruisers Aurora and Dmitrii Donskoi are taken for Japanese Warships and are Bombarded by Seven Russian Battleships Sailing in Formation, Killing a Sailor and a Russian Orthodox Priest. After 20 Minutes’ Firing, the Fishermen see a Blue Light Signal on One of the Warships ~ the Order to Cease Firing. 22nd October In the Kingdom of Great Britain, some British Newspapers Call the Russian Fleet “Pirates” and Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky is Heavily Criticised for not leaving the British Sailors Lifeboats. The Editorial of the Morning’s Times is Particularly Scathing: “It is almost Inconceivable that any Men Calling themselves Sailors ~ no Matter how Frightened they may be ~ could spend 20 Minutes Bombarding a Fleet of Fishing Boats without Discovering the Nature of their Target.” The British Government Demands that the Baltic Sea Fleet stop to Aid the Investigation into the Incident. Tsar Nicholas II wants the Fleet in the East as quickly as possible and Demands that the British Postpone the Investigation, however the British are having none of it and even Place Troops on the Russian Ships to make sure that they Follow the British Fleet as they Return to the Port City of Portsmouth, Hampshire. 1906 10th August In the Caliphate of Arabia, already during the Secret Negotiations for the Defensive Alliance, the German Ambassador Hans von Wangenheim and the Arabian Minister of War, Mehmet Djavid, Agree that the German Mediterranean Division, Consisting of the SMS Goeben and the SMS Breslau, will be sent to Support the Arab Fleet. However, has made the Agreement without the Consent of his Government, which Seeks to Preserve its Neutrality. Admiral Wilhelm Souchon Misinterprets the Situation and Moves Towards Arabia anyway, while a French Fleet is already Hunting for his Ships. The “Mediterranean Division” Reaches the Levantine Sea, where the Arabians Demand the Abolition of German Trade Privileges to let the Fleet Cruise into Arab Waters and Wangenheim Agrees. By Granting the German Fleet such Permission, the Arabs Transgress the Rules of Neutrality, so the Grand Vizier, Said Halim, Pretends the Acquisition of these Ships. The Germans Reject this Proposal and Demand Entry into the War from the Arabian Empire. The Arabs Ignore this and Announce the Purchase of the Two Ships. With Eggs on their Faces, the Germans are Forced to Agree. Since the Arabs do not have the Appropriate Personnel, the German Crews are kept on Board. 1907 In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a Young Adolf Hitler leaves Linz, Hoping to Live and Study Fine Art in the City of Vienna, State of Vienna, Financed by Orphan’s Benefits and by Support from his Mother. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Adolf Hitler Applies to Enter the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, however they Rejects his Application. The Director, Recognising that the Young Hitler has a Talent, Suggests that he Enroll in the Academy’s School of Architecture, however that will Require Enrolling in a Secondary School from which Hitler has Failed to Gain a Certificate and is Unwilling to Rejoin. 11th February In the Kingdom of Great Britain, the SS Robert E. Lee, a Confederate Luxury Liner carrying Passengers between Great Britain and the Confederacy is Torpedoed and Sunk by an American Submarine off the Coast of Ireland. 123 Confederate Civilians have Drowned and Calls for Revenge are Heard throughout the Country. The C.S. is Congress is Shocked and Interventionists have Gained some Power. 1908 5th February In the German Empire, using the last of his Money, Adolf Hitler Buys a Train Ticket to Munich, Bavaria, Intending to Enlist in the Bavarian Infantry and Avoid Conscription into the Austro-Hungarian Army, which he Considers to be a “Babylon of Races.” By Chance, he happens to share a Bench with Günther Luck, an Officer in the Imperial German Navy who is on Home Leave after Active Service. The Garrulus Luck, Impressive in his Dress Uniform, Regails the Impressionable Hitler with Tales of Battles at Sea, and of Germany’s Naval Buildup. As Luck Explains, the huge Ships Sliding down the ways Mean Rapid Promotion for any Young Man with the Intelligence to Grasp it. The Senior Chief Boatswain is very Persuasive and somewhat Generous, as Hitler Decides to Accompany him [at Luck’s Expense] Back to the German Port City of Kiel, where the Austrian Enlists in the Kaiserliche Marine as a Seaman. 1912 2nd April In the Imperial State of Iran, Representatives of the Imperial State of Iran, the German Empire, the Kingdom of Great Britain, the State of Israel, the Arabian Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Sultanate of Turkiye, the Transcaucasian Federal Socialist Republic, the State of Kurdistan, the Arab Kingdom of Syria, the Republic of Phoenicia, the People's Republic of Assyria, the Republic of Sawad, the Republic of Jazira, the Republic of Sumeria, the Emirate of Jabal Shammar, and the Arab and Islamic Kingdom of Hejaz Sign the Treaty of Tehran, Officially bringing to an End the Arabian Theatre of the Fifth Great Global War, but, in Reality, Fighting will continue for Two more Years as Various Nations try and Grab as much Unclaimed Land as they can. Under the Terms of the Treaty: 1]The People's Republic of Iran will be Dissolved and Annexed into the Imperial State of Iran, as will be the Afghan Democratic Republic. Officially, Great Britain will Return the Oil Fields, which it had Occupied Early on in the War, to Iran, however, in Reality, British Workers will Remain for many Years and most of the Profits from the Oil Fields will go to Britain, leaving the Iranians with very little, and this will have Consequences later on in the Century. 2]Britain, for its Troubles, will be Allowed to Annex most of the Southern Coast of the Arabian Peninsular, which will become the British Colony of South Arabia, all Except for an Eastern Region near the Red Sea, Centred around the Port City of Taiz, which will be Independent as the Kingdom of Yemen, a Neutral “Buffer Zone” between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Arab and Islamic Kingdom of Hejaz. 3]Germany, for its Part, will Annex the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the State of Qatar, which will be Incorporated into its German Mittelafrika Colony. 4]Egypt will be Allowed to Reincorporate the Sinai Peninsular as well as the Russian Port City of Djibouti, but the Gaza Strip and Palestine [and the Christian Holy Sites therein] will be Placed under a British Mandate, which will Govern until Britain Feels that Palestine is “ready” for Self ~ Determination. Egypt, which Feels it has a better Claim to Palestine, Strongly Protests this Clause, and, when those Protests fall on Deaf Ears, the Egyptian Delegation Marches out of the Conference and Refuses to Ratify the Treaty. Israel, which Claims the City of Jerusalem, now inside Palestine, as its Capital, is also Insulted by this Clause, and their shared Opposition to British Rule in Palestine will have the Effect of bringing Egypt and Israel Closer together, Forging a Bond between the Two Peoples. 5]The Defeated Arabian Empire is Reduced to a Single Region ~ its Ancient Homeland of Nejd, in Eastern Arabia, which is Centred on the City of Riyadh, and will be Expected to Grant Christians and other Non ~ Muslims Living within its Territory full Citizenship, as well as Pay Yearly War Reparations to the Victorious Powers. Caliph Abdulaziz Ibn Muhammad Al Saud will be Required to Drop “Caliph of Islam” from his List of Titles. To Reflect this new Reality, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud ~ who has to Accept a Demotion to the Rank of Emir ~ Changes his Nation’s Name to the Kingdom of Nejd. The rest of his Former Empire is Carved up between the Victorious Central Powers. 6] The Islands of Crete and Cyprus, whose Return had been One of the Main Reasons why Byzantium had Joined the Central Powers in the First Place, are indeed Returned, which the Byzantines Feel is Suitable Compensation for the “Loss” of the Holy Land. 7]The Sultanate of Turkiye is Allowed to Annex the tiny Region of Adjara, but aside from that its Borders Remain mostly unchanged. 8] The Transcaucasian Federal Socialist Republic will be Recognised as Independent, but will be Required to Withdraw its Forces from Adjara and Northern Iran, but will be Allowed to Annex the Region of Talyshstan. 9] Northern Syria will Gain its Independence as the State of Kurdistan, Providing a Homeland for the Kurdish Peoples with the City of Diyarbakır as its Capital, with the Remainder of Syria becoming the Arab Kingdom of Syria, Centred around the City of Damascus, and will be Allowed to Annex the Northern Half of the Transjordan Region. 10] The Lebanon Region, however, will be Broken off and Granted Independence as the State of Phoenicia, a Clause that Angers many Syrian Nationalists as they Consider Lebanon to be a Part of Syria, and this will have Consequences later in the Century. 11] The Mesopotamian Region is Divided between Four new Nations: the already ~ Independent United Sumerian States, in the Southern Region Centred on Kuwait City, is Granted Official Recognition, the Northeast, Centred around the City of Mosul [which is Renamed Nineveh after the Ancient Ruined City nearby] will become the People's Republic of Assyria, and will Provide a safe Haven for Middle Eastern Christians. The Northwest, Centred on the City of Tikrit, will become the Republic of Jazira, which is mostly Agricultural and has Economic Links with Iran. The rest of the Southwest, Centred on the City of Baghdad, will become the Republic of Sawad, will be Connected to the Persian Gulf and India Trade, but will only have Access to the Ocean through the Port City of Umm Qasr, its Sole Deep Water Port, all the others being inside its Southern Neighbour, Sumeria. 12] The Holy Land is Divided Three ways ~ as Mentioned Earlier, Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip are Placed under a British Mandate, while Galilee, the Jezreel Valley, and the Coastal Plains will become Independent as the State of Israel, Intended to become a National Homeland for the Jews, with the City of Haifa Serving as its De Jure Capital, although Claiming Sovereignty over British Palestine, and Egypt is Granted the Sinai Peninsular. 13] Transjordan, which many Jews Consider to be a Part of Israel, will be Split between the Arab Kingdom of Syria and the Arab and Islamic Kingdom of Hejaz, with the North going to Syria and the South going to Hejaz. 14] The Arabian Peninsular will be Divided into Three Unequal Nations ~ in the North, the Emirate of Jabal Shammar, Centred around the City of Ha'il, will be Dependent mostly on Oil Grants from the Byzantines, the Kingdom of Nejd, as Mentioned before, will be Restricted to its Namesake Region, while the newly ~ Formed and Islamic Kingdom of Hejaz, Centred around the Holy City of Mecca, will be Allowed to Annex most of Western Arabia and Southern Transjordan, and King Hussein ibn Ali will also be Granted the Title “Caliph of Islam,” after the Egyptian Ruler, Pharaoh Thutmose X Shows no Interest in the Title. Finally, Free Elections will be held in Phoenicia, Israel, Syria, Kurdistan, Jazira, Sawad, Sumer, and Jabal Shammar [Assyria and Transcaucasia are already along Communist Lines and Hejaz has long been Ruled as an Islamic Absolute Monarchy] within Two to Three Years of the Signing of the Treaty to Determine whether the Governments thereof shall be Constitutional Monarchies or Republics. If the Constitutional Monarchy Option is chosen, then Rival Claimants must Submit their Cases for Arbitration by the Council for Economic Assistance Organisation, whose Decision is Final. The United Sumerian States leaves the War and begins Consolidating its new Lands. 1914 30th May The State of Israel Announces that it is done with Expanding and leaves the War. 9th June The Arab and Islamic Kingdom of Hejaz Announces that it has finished Expanding into the Land Granted to it in the Treaty of Tehran and leaves the War. 28th June In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his Wife, Sophie, Visit the City of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, to Watch Military Manoeuvers. At 10:10 A.M., as their Convoy nears the Ćuprija Bridge, Nedeljko Čabrinović steps forwards and throws a Bomb at the Archduke’s Car. Ferdinand sees it and Dives behind the Door of the Car as the Bomb Passes over him and Bounces into the next Street where it Explodes, Destroying the Car Following them and Injuring 20 People. The Motorcade Races Back the way it came, its Sirens Screaming, and the City begins to Lockdown. Čabrinović Swallows the Cyanide Capsule he’s been carrying and Jumps off the Bridge and into the River Miljacka in a “you’ll never take me Alive!” Gesture, not Realising that the River is only 10 Centimetres Deep, and the Suicide Pills had been Bought on the Cheap and are well Past their Shelf Lives; it makes him Sick but it does not Kill him, and he only Breaks his Leg in the fall. So Čabrinović sits quietly Vomiting into the River as the Police Stroll down to take him very much Alive. Another of the Assassins, 19 ~ Year ~ old Gavrilo Princip, Watches the Cars going by, his Heart Sinking. “So, it’s done,” he Thinks to himself. “It’s off. The Archduke is Alive. The Assassination has Failed.” He is pretty Bummed out. His Hopes of being Immortalised in the Halls of Serbian Heroes have been Shattered. Overall, it’s been a pretty lousy Day. As the Imperial Motorcade Drove Past, Two of their Accomplices had given into Fear, another’s Pistol had Jammed, and a Third, seeing the Duchess sitting up in the Back, had taken Pity on her and couldn’t bring himself to pull the Trigger. So he goes off to Pout, Thinking, “maybe a Snack will make me Feel better?” In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Back at City Hall, the Archduke and the Mayor are having Words. The Mayor Proposes that the Archduke and the Duchess should continue their Trip as Planned, but the Archduke Thunders Back, “are you Crazy? You’d have us Visit Museums while Bombs Explode in your Streets?” Instead, he Suggests they Immediately Visit the Hospital where the Wounded were Compensationnobody Remembers to tell the Archduke’s Personal Chauffeur, who has come along for the Trip and who does not Know his way around Sarajevo. And so, as they’re making their way around the City, the Archduke’s Chauffeur makes a wrong Turn, onto from Franz Josef Street, where Gavrilo Princip is Eating his Consolation Sandwich. Princip Immediately gets up and Fires Two Shots from his FN Model 1910 Pistol. Seeing this, the Archduke’s Chauffeur quickly Reverses, and the Bullets Harmlessly Pass over the Imperial Car as the Gendarmes Wrestle the Young Man by the Car to the Ground. A Man asks the Archduke if he is all Right, and Franz Replies, “it’s nothing. It’s nothing.” Overall, for Franz, today has been a very bad Day ~ he’s been Bombed, Shot at, and, to make Matters worse, he has lost his Temper in front of the Mayor of Sarajevo! The Arab Kingdom of Syria Announces that it is done with Expanding and leaves the War in an Elaborate Ceremony. 23rd July The Austro-Hungarian Empire sends the Kingdom of Serbia a Warning that they will take Military Action if Serbia continues to Support Pro ~ Serbian Nationalists Operating within Austria-Hungary.
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User #6591075 - 29 May 20 18:57
You guys gave slight mention of the Armenien issues with the Ottomans, did you originally plan to talk about the Armenian Genocide and the effect it had here, like any tensions and stuff? Or was that a separate event from this general idea that had little effect on the Middle East? Just wondering. Other question, when they saw how hard it was to maintain control, was there anyone who suggested outright leaving the area to its own cause trying to maintain and control the Middle East was a bad idea and/or useless?
The Field of the Cloth of Gold - Universal Peace - Extra History - #1
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2020-05-28T16:02:23+00:00
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Sometimes you hate a guy so much you got to host a tournament that will inspire every Renfair for the rest of time.


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Thanks to Royal Armouries for sponsoring this series & providing the awesome references for armor. You can see more amazing pieces at https://royalarmouries.org/ & learn what it took to get weapons for this tournament here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a7mfnJIJIMQ When people think of the age of knights and kings, there's one image that comes forward as readily as shining armor and that's the tournament! And this particular tournament will go down in history as one of the most lavish and expansive affairs as a way to broker peace between Henry the VIII of England and Francis I of France. The two kings were locked in a bitter rivalry and were determine to outshine (and outspend) the other. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Extra History - Odds and Ends" by Sean Kiner, Dean Kiner https://soundcloud.com/deankinersounds

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User #6591075 - 29 May 20 18:58
What happens when two frat boys control the most powerful countries in Europe.
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User #2476738 - 9 Jun 20 17:18
A lot of European history happens
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User #31624555 - 29 May 20 00:29
The combo writing and illustrations for this one is masterfully entertaining! 🤣🤣🤣
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User #3566601 - 29 May 20 13:55
These Episodes are coming so fast I cannot keep up with them, as well as giving me something to think about other than the death of our Cat.
Optimal vs Fun - Designing for Different Playstyles - Extra Credits
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2020-05-26T17:12:41+00:00
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I'm the kind of player that takes level suggestions as very loose guidelines. Level 3 is close enough to 10 right?


What kind of player are you?


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There's a lot of ways that you can approach a game. But what happens when the only way to have fun is to play "optimally"? What does Optimal Play even mean? And how can you best design a game to accommodate different play styles? Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS Music: "Banananaz" by: Chiwalker https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR02661

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User #676696 - 11 Jun 20 23:42
I'm somewhere in between just for fun and optimizing for fun. Most of my gaming time, over the last several years, has been with Sid Meier's Civ 5 and 6. I've played every version, since the early 1990s, but only in the last four years have I ventured beyond the kiddie pool of the lowest difficulty levels, preferring a very relaxed game. Then a local friend encouraged me to try Prince, the level playing field. I surprised myself by keeping up with the game, and winning solidly. I've since played games at higher difficulty levels, but still like to go back to Prince, whenever I want to be able to choose less than optimally (Thank you, Zigzagzigal, for your wonderful guides.), and choose some options simply for a different experience. That game is full of different experiences, some quite crazy, such as in 5, with Brit man-o-war capturing strategic bombers and converting them to more new man-o-war. Try thinking of how that works - it's fun! Thank you for all your wonderful videos, whether they're helping us better appreciate games we love and encouraging us to try new things, or helping us better appreciate history and mythology.
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User #676696 - 11 Jun 20 23:48
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User #3566601 - 27 May 20 11:50
Came shortly after we had our sickly, aged cat [whose picture I use in my profile] put to sleep.
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User #676696 - 11 Jun 20 23:35
I have three of my cats buried in my back yard. Sorry for your loss, happy you had so many years together.
Dividing the Middle East - Three Kings - Extra History - #4
Dividing the Middle East - Three Kings - Extra History - #4more_vert
2020-05-22T17:31:00+00:00
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Turns out British rule isn't super popular, what an absolute shock. Multiple revolts rise and fail, new factions begin to emerge and Winston Churchill joins the fray!


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Now that the Middle East has been divided and turned into a jumble of new countries and nations by the British and French, we take a look at how the citizens reacted. After all, drawing borders on a map doesn't mean anything if you can't enforce it. Revolts will rise and be violently put down. Infighting with pop up between the shariffian faction and the Saudis. A solution will be found, but that solution will only promise more bloodshed. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Thread of War" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #3566601 - 22 May 20 17:40
When Winston Churchill becomes involved things tend to get complicated.
Saint George and the Dragon - Into the Maw of Danger - Extra Mythology
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2020-05-19T17:31:00+00:00
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One of the most classic western dragon slayers, let's talk about St. George and his standoff against the mighty dragon.


Also, the patron credits are now updated!


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Once there was a land beset by a dragon. The dragon breathed noxious fumes that poisoned the water and the countryside. To try and appease the dragon, the city paid it tribute in the form of farm animals, but those quickly ran out. They were left with no choice but to sacrifice village members to the dragon. But along came a mythic knight named George with a crazy idea: What if we killed the dragon instead? Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Listen to our podcast: http://becausegamesmatter.com/podcast Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #2649240 - 19 May 20 18:00
Thank you for this episode. Really needed something inspiring today.
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User #2570650 - 20 May 20 09:54
The belt rapped around it's neck and it became tame!? Hax! I call Hax!
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User #2430135 - 20 May 20 01:03
Was this dragon perhaps named Sinh? Feels like the inspiration for the Crown of the Sunken King DLC for Dark Souls II!
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User #676696 - 11 Jun 20 23:24
Thank you. I never knew that Georgio was a Roman soldier, because the renaissance art I saw in books portrayed him as a contemporary to the artist.
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User #8225551 - 20 May 20 09:21
So, this inept George stumbles onto a place, gets saved by a princess, said princess renders the creature innocuous, he still kills it and steals all the credit? Well done George, well done :-/
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User #206566 - 20 May 20 14:01
I should point out; she was ready to roll over and die, like the villagers, until George stepped in. She wouldn't have been able to save him, if he hadn't freed her. Also, he did tell her to throw the belt. Admittedly, it was a team effort in the end and she should get equal billing.
Dividing the Middle East - Drawing Lines - Extra History
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2020-05-15T17:31:00+00:00
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Negotiations with the British Empire in a nutshell


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Ah good. The war is over and now everyone can get exactly what they wanted in a neat orderly fashion... yeah you all know that's not how it went. The double-dealing of the British finally comes to light and the same people who helped secure victory in the ottoman empire were quickly being pushed out of the negotiations. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Thread of War" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #301278 - 18 May 20 22:59
This sounds like part of the reason why they were against GB and France in WWII.
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User #3566601 - 15 May 20 17:40
Not exactly relevant to the Great Loot but I thought you might like to read these anyway: 1907 In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a Young Adolf Hitler leaves Linz, Hoping to Live and Study Fine Art in the City of Vienna, State of Vienna, Financed by Orphan’s Benefits and by Support from his Mother. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Adolf Hitler Applies to Enter the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, however they Rejects his Application. The Director, Recognising that the Young Hitler has a Talent, Suggests that he Enroll in the Academy’s School of Architecture, however that will Require Enrolling in a Secondary School from which Hitler has Failed to Gain a Certificate and is Unwilling to Rejoin. 1908 5th February In the German Empire, using the last of his Money, Adolf Hitler Buys a Train Ticket to Munich, Bavaria, Intending to Enlist in the Bavarian Infantry and Avoid Conscription into the Austro-Hungarian Army, which he Considers to be a “Babylon of Races.” By Chance, he happens to share a Bench with Günther Luck, an Officer in the Imperial German Navy who is on Home Leave after Active Service. The Garrulus Luck, Impressive in his Dress Uniform, Regails the Impressionable Hitler with Tales of Battles at Sea, and of Germany’s Naval Buildup. As Luck Explains, the huge Ships Sliding down the ways Mean Rapid Promotion for any Young Man with the Intelligence to Grasp it. The Senior Chief Boatswain is very Persuasive and somewhat Generous, as Hitler Decides to Accompany him [at Luck’s Expense] Back to the German Port City of Kiel, where the Austrian Enlists in the Kaiserliche Marine as a Seaman. P.S: "The Pirates! In an Adventure With Scientists" quote spotted immediately.
Saving the World with Games - Citizen Science and More - Extra Credits
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2020-05-12T17:41:39+00:00
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Here are some games & organizations that use games to have a tangible effect on the real world!


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Thanks to Great Courses Plus for sponsoring this video. Signup for your FREE trial to The Great Courses Plus here: http://ow.ly/S0qZ30qC6Xz Here is a list of all of the awesome initiatives and projects we mentioned in this episode. If you got time, be sure to check a few out! Games to Play FoldIt - https://fold.it/ Eyewire - https://eyewire.org Phylo - https://phylo.cs.mcgill.ca/ Eterna - https://eternagame.org/home/ SuperBetter - https://www.superbetter.com/ Level Ex - https://www.levelex.com/ Night Shift - https://www.schellgames.com/games/night-shift Skyfarer - https://news.usc.edu/131166/at-usc-gaming-and-health-come-together-and-physical-therapy-will-never-be-the-same/ Organizations Block by Block - https://www.blockbyblock.org/ SETI@home - https://setiathome.berkeley.edu/ Play to Cure: Genes in Space - https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/get-involved/citizen-science Jan McGonigal - http://janemcgonigal.com/ We've always said that Games Matter, but there's a lot of different ways games can help us and the world that we live in. This week, we're going to dive into some games that have a real and tangible effect on our physical meat space. Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS Music: "Lost Forever" by: Krank https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR02079

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User #676696 - 14 May 20 02:39
o_O? ... Oh, I guess the list of games and organizations is in the YouTube comments.
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User #3240279 - 12 May 20 20:37
Also some may think “how come the gamers found the answers faster than the scientists?” Well, everyone will have a blind spot, which all the more important to solve a huge problem with numbers on your side. Some are better at finding the problems, while others are better at finding the solution. People have the capacity to do both YET, as a trope in a lot of RPGs, sometimes the Skill points are distributed on some Attributes more than others.
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User #676696 - 16 May 20 02:03
Yes, and thank you. I'm already working SuperBetter, and I'm hoping my roommate will try it, too.
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User #3566601 - 13 May 20 10:00
I'd still argue Kittens are the most effective cure fo the current pandemic.
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User #202931 - 29 May 20 18:56
Because video games cure covid and liberate Hong Kong.
Dividing the Middle East - The Arab Revolt - Extra History - #2
Dividing the Middle East - The Arab Revolt - Extra History - #2more_vert
2020-05-08T17:30:01+00:00
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A historical note: It is usually considered, at the very least, mildly impolite to promise everything to everyone with no intention to follow through. It was also British foreign policy during WW1


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon The Allies thought that defeating the Ottoman Empire would be an extremely simple matter but it was, in fact, not simple (this will be a reoccurring theme for the allies). As they try to take Constantinople, the surf will turn red with the amount of blood spilled from the landing parties. Luckily, they're about to get a boost from the internal strife of the Ottoman Empire. So long as the British promise to help establish an Arab kingdom. A promise they definitely intend to keep. Right??? Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Thread of War" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #29003700 - 8 May 20 18:35
AS THE DARKNESS FALLS AND ARABIA CALLS, ONE MAN SPREADS HIS WINGS, AS THE BATTLE BEGINS, MAY THE LAND LAY CLAIM ON TO LAWRENCE NAME, SEVEN PILLARS OF WISDOM LIGHTS THE FLAME
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ExtraCredits - 8 May 20 18:45
Extra History has secretly just been covering all of the Sabaton songs
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User #29003700 - 8 May 20 18:47
Carolus Rex, Winged Hussars, The Great War... Oh yeah, it's all comin' together.
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ExtraCredits - 9 May 20 16:14
Youtube just changed around their back end so our usual publishing tool isn't working. Don't know why that made the video private though... Time to consult the internet wizard, we'll fix it asap! - A
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User #639227 - 9 May 20 16:16
Looks good now -- thanks!
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User #3566601 - 8 May 20 17:40
Can we expect any References to the Peter O'Toole Lawrence of Arabia film in this series?
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ExtraCredits - 8 May 20 18:45
Don't worry, it's gonna get a mention :D
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User #3566601 - 9 May 20 14:10
There's a story about Peter O'Toole that goes, one day he was out with a friend while a bit drunk, and they were wondering what to do so O'Toole said, "let's go and see a play." So they went to a theatre and, about halfway through the play O'Toole nudged his friend and said, "this is brilliant ~ this is the bit where I come on...oh, b*****ks!"
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User #639227 - 9 May 20 16:11
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User #3240279 - 9 May 20 05:47
Hussain: Oh good! We can have a nation of our own! *after the war* British: ..... SYKES!!!
Cuchulain's Origins - The Hound of Culann - Extra Mythology
Cuchulain's Origins - The Hound of Culann - Extra Mythologymore_vert
2020-05-05T17:30:00+00:00
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Cuchulain's Origins - The Hound of Culann - Extra Mythology 2020-05-05T17:30:00+00:00close

At some point we're going to have to do an episode on all of the very good dogs in mythology.

(Spoilers: it's all of them. They are all good dogs)


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Cuchulain's Origins - The Hound of Culann - Extra Mythology

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Our last video focused on the end of Cuchulain at the hands of the Morrigan, but where did this hero come from? Was his start as heroic as his end? Well... not precisely. A strong but arrogant young boy Cuchulain was brash. But an encounter with a hound large as a horse and darker than the night sky will change all of that. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Listen to our podcast: http://becausegamesmatter.com/podcast Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #3566601 - 6 May 20 18:55
In case you didn't see my earlier post I added Age of Mythology Remastered onto my Steam Wishlist after binge watching these episodes.
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User #676696 - 9 May 20 23:57
Wait. What? Extra Credits has released a game? Oh. No, I was confused. I didn't see the "Age of" part.
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User #676696 - 9 May 20 23:57
So Zoe is also your buddy, of course. =^.^=
Dividing the Middle East - The Great Loot - Extra History - #1
Dividing the Middle East - The Great Loot - Extra History - #1more_vert
2020-05-01T17:30:01+00:00
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Dividing the Middle East - The Great Loot - Extra History - #1 2020-05-01T17:30:01+00:00close

I hope you all learned some flowcharts skills from the Haitian Revolution episodes, cause this is going to get just as messy.


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Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Way back in one of our first Extra History series, on the beginning of World War I, we talked about how at the end of the war the victorious powers carved up the Middle East—men in drawing rooms deciding the fate of peoples they did not understand, and in some cases, lands they had never visited. This is the story of how that came to happen, a tale of revolts, secret treaties, betrayal, a struggle for homelands, and a British counterinsurgency operation in Iraq. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Thread of War" by Tiffany Roman http://www.tiffanyromanlouk.com

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User #29003700 - 1 May 20 20:45
The comments for this one are going to be fuuuuun...
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User #29003700 - 1 May 20 20:54
Also, obligatory Sabaton reference: AS THE DARKNESS FALLS AND ARABIA CALLS
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User #3566601 - 1 May 20 17:50
This is the one I have been waiting for! P.S: This will be much shorter than the Battuta Timeline as there's less of it, but never mind. 1906 17th July In the Russian Empire, the Treaty of Poti is Signed in the Port City of Poti, Kutais Governorate, by Representatives of the Arabian and Russian Empires. Under the Terms of the Treaty, the Caucasus Viceroyalty is Ceded to the Arabian Empire, however the Russians will not have to Pay War Reparations to the Arabs as Part of the Peace Dealings. 1st August In the Arabian Empire, Noe Ramishvili, One of the Leaders of the Menshevik Faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, Declares the Democratic Republic of Georgia, with the City of Tiflis, Tiflis Governorate, as its Capital City and himself as its Chairman. 1910 10th August In the Caliphate of Arabia, already during the Secret Negotiations for the Defensive Alliance, the German Ambassador Hans von Wangenheim and the Arabian Minister of War, Mehmet Djavid, Agree that the German Mediterranean Division, Consisting of the SMS Goeben and the SMS Breslau, will be sent to Support the Arab Fleet. However, has made the Agreement without the Consent of his Government, which Seeks to Preserve its Neutrality. Admiral Wilhelm Souchon Misinterprets the Situation and Moves Towards Arabia anyway, while a French Fleet is already Hunting for his Ships. The “Mediterranean Division” Reaches the Levantine Sea, where the Arabians Demand the Abolition of German Trade Privileges to let the Fleet Cruise into Arab Waters and Wangenheim Agrees. By Granting the German Fleet such Permission, the Arabs Transgress the Rules of Neutrality, so the Grand Vizier, Said Halim, Pretends the Acquisition of these Ships. The Germans Reject this Proposal and Demand Entry into the War from the Arabian Empire. The Arabs Ignore this and Announce the Purchase of the Two Ships. With Eggs on their Faces, the Germans are Forced to Agree. Since the Arabs do not have the Appropriate Personnel, the German Crews are kept on Board.
The Science of Mass Effect - Dark Energy and Worm Holes - Extra Credits
The Science of Mass Effect - Dark Energy and Worm Holes - Extra Creditsmore_vert
2020-04-28T17:30:59+00:00
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If you really liked our Sci Fi series, this is definitely an episode for you. Let's break down the science behind FTL and Mass Effect relays in, well, Mass Effect.


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The Science of Mass Effect - Dark Energy and Worm Holes - Extra Credits

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Wanna learn more about 80's sci-fi? Please go support the "In Search of Tomorrow" documentary over at https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/creatorvc/in-search-of-tomorrow-80s-sci-fi-documentary?ref=dbd89l Thanks to the help of guest writer and astrophysicist Erin Macdonald, this Extra Credits is going to be a little unusual. Have you ever wondered how rooted the science in scifi really is? Well in Mass Effect's case, there's actually some very solid ground. We'll be talking about how the Mass Effect relays work and what the theoretical working behind element zero is, and how, if we could replicate those effects using real elements like dark energy, we might also be able to date some aliens. ... What do you mean that wasn't the point of Mass Effect? Subscribe to Extra Credits for more episodes every Wednesday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Get info about all our shows at https://extracredits.site ___________ Get your Extra Credits gear at the store! https://extracredits.store Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Intro Music: "Penguin Cap" by CarboHydroM http://bit.ly/1eIHTDS Music: "Biohazard" By: DjjD https://ocremix.org/remix/OCR02988

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User #2356262 - 28 Apr 20 17:46
Was just reading up on Mass Effect: Andromeda when I got the notification!
The 1929 Stock Market Crash - Black Tuesday - Extra History
The 1929 Stock Market Crash - Black Tuesday - Extra Historymore_vert
2020-04-24T17:30:00+00:00
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Times are hard and getting harder all the time, but sometimes it can be good to remember that we've been here before, and we got through it.


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Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon With our current economic climate being... dubious, we thought that it would be a good time to look at another economic disaster in American history. Just six months before Herbert Hoover gave a speech highlighting the economic success The 1929 Stock Market Crash which is closely tied to the Great Depression and felt like it came out of nowhere. But that might be a bit of a misconception. We explore what kicked off the drop, what people did to try and stop/slow it down, and why stock markets and the Economy are NOT the same thing. Check out all our shows at http://extracredits.site Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://www.extracredits.site/extra-credits-community-code-of-con Contribute community subtitles to Extra History: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6054623?hl=en Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Outro music: "Articles of Confederation" by Sean and Dean Kiner http://www.thekinerbrothersmusic.com/extra-history/

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User #35139998 - 9 May 20 21:41
Can't imagine why this was made right now
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User #676696 - 27 Apr 20 04:32
Thank you, especially, for showing two things: how at the time, efforts were made to relieve panic, how they worked, briefly, but why they weren't enough; and how the stock crash and the depression, while linked, weren't the same, actually separated by a few years.
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User #3566601 - 24 Apr 20 17:45
Horray! More Alternate History Time! 1928 23rd April In the German Empire, President of the Reichsbank, Karl von Helfferich, is Shot Dead by a lone Communist Gunman. He is Succeeded as President of the Reichsbank by German Economist Hjalmar Schacht. 1929 24th October In the United States, the New York Stock Exchange Collapses when Panicking Shareholders try Desperately to Sell their Stocks. The Dow Jones Loses 6.83 Points and the Market Loses $30,000,000,000. 1931 3rd February In the German Empire, the German Economy Finally stops Sinking ~ instead, it Plunges. Fuelled by the Instability Caused by the Collapse of the American Stock Market, Combined with the Fear of changes in the French Commune and the Russian SFSR Causes Investors to Rapidly Withdraw their Assets. As soon as the Berlin Stock Market Opens, Panic Selling Erupts. It takes well into the Night for the Teleprinters to stop Sputtering out the Results of what will become Known as “the Black Monday.” Once the Results have been Analysed, everyone Understands that One of the German Elite’s worst Nightmares has just become Reality. 5th February In the German Empire, German Citizens, Panicked by the Collapse of the Berlin Stock Market, are Rushing into the Banks to try and Withdraw their Assets before they become Worthless. The Banks are not Able to Afford to give out such Sums and many are in Danger of Collapse. It Appears Government Legislation is Urgently needed, and Imperial Chancellor Franz von Papen Orders that the Banks be Closed Temporarily. 6th February In the Kingdom of Poland, there is never any Doubt that the Effects of Black Monday will Spread throughout the German ~ Dominated World, and Poland will not be Immune from this Unprecedented Economic Disaster. Although Economically Isolated from most of Europe, Poland’s Economy still Relies heavily on German Trading. News that the Berlin Stock Market has Collapsed Triggers a Run on the Stock Market in Warsaw and People are already Demanding that the Government take Action. Poland can only Hope to Survive the coming Storm. 9th February In the German Empire, the Situation does not get better Following the Black Monday, which is the start of what will become Known as the Black Week. Panic ~ Selling of Stocks Reaches an all ~ Time high, and when the Stock Market Closes at the End of the Week, 11 Economic Figures in Germany have Committed Suicide, and the Market is as good as Dead. Most of the Middle Classes have lost all their Savings and the Working Classes cannot Afford to Eat; under these Conditions only the Super Rich are Able to make a Profit. What is bad for Germany is Excellent for Adolf Hitler and the German National Party. The Sturmabteilung Immediately begins a Massive Recruitment Drive to take Advantage of the Mass of Unemployed Men, and many new Recruits are ready to Flock to them, seeing it as a way of Rebeling against their Parents’ Authority and for the Excitement of doing something Frowned on. The Nationalist’s Election Machine also goes into full Swing, Presenting Hitler as the Strong Man who Germany Desperately needs. The Nationalists have few Detailed Policies; their Focus is on Hitler, der Führer. It is a Dramatic Turnaround for Hitler, and, as a Result, Money is soon Flowing into Nationalist Coffers from Supportive Businessmen. 3rd April In the Kingdom of Poland, Angered by the Lack of a Government Response to the Economic Catastrophe, some on the Polish Right Decide it is Time to Act. Adam Doboszyński, an Army Officer with Nationalist Leanings, Decides to Mobilise his Branch of the “Patriots for Saving Poland” Organisation for a March on Warsaw, Intending to Petition the Sejm to Act to Save the Economy. The Marchers, many of whom Turn up Singing the Age ~ old Polish National Anthem, “Poland is Not Yet Lost,” have no Interest in Overthrowing the German Backed Monarchy ~ they Consider themselves to be Loyal Polish Citizens trying to Save Poland from Disloyal Ministers who had Misled the King and Caused the Economy to Collapse. Unfortunately the March does not go as Peacefully as Doboszyński had Planned, and, after an Attack on his Men by Socialists, Doboszyński Decides to Disarm the Local Police. Taking it as a Sign of Serious Problems within his Country, King Friedrich Christian Orders the Army be sent in to Arrest everyone Involved in what he Believes to be a “Treasonous Putsch.” 2nd June In the Kingdom of Poland, Realising he must choose between a Government under either the Nationalist or Socialist Party or Poland will be in a Civil War in the near Future, King Friedrich Christian, who Disapproves of Socialist Policies, Invites the Head of the Polish Army, General Józef Piłsudski, a Nationalist, to become Prime Minister.
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User #756539 - 24 Apr 20 18:41
We may have gotten through it, but millions died and there was a world war involved.
Cuchulainn & the Morrigan - Spurning a Goddess - Extra Mythology
Cuchulainn & the Morrigan - Spurning a Goddess - Extra Mythologymore_vert
2020-04-21T17:30:59+00:00
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It is never a good sign when a deity takes an interest in you. Always more problems.


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The goddess Morrigan is a complicated figure in mythology. A goddess of both prosperity and ruin, the Morrigan is a protector first and foremost. But woe be to those who catch her eye as Cuchulainn will quickly find out when he rejects her in her human disguise. Join the Extra Mythology Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/extracredits Learn all about our shows at http://becauselearningmatters.com ___________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://becausegamesmatter.com/extra-credits-community-code-of-conduct Contribute community subtitles to Extra Mythology: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Watch us play games and have fun on http://bit.ly/ECtwitch Listen to our podcast: http://becausegamesmatter.com/podcast Follow us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/ECisonInstagram Follow us on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/EConTumblr ___________ ♪ Music: "Extra Mythology Theme" by Big Giant Circles http://www.biggiantcircles.com/

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User #4315082 - 22 Apr 20 13:51
Mythology that teaches you to accept the advances of strange women and not run? Madness.
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User #33896854 - 21 Apr 20 18:04
what a great video.i dont now how such a small team can always surprise me with the quality of there videos
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